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Win32kbase.sys: What Does It Mean & How to Fix Avoid running multiple heavy applications to prevent this error




Scan your PC regularly for viruses and potentially harmful files to protect your PC from errors.

If you’re installing your drivers manually, ensure to download the files from the official manufacturers website.

Create a System Restore point to allow you restore your PC to an earlier version free of errors and bugs.

The Blue Screen of Death(BSOD) is one of Windows’ most frustrating errors. It can be triggered by several reasons, one of them being the chúng tôi error. 

If you’re currently experiencing this error, you’re not alone. In this article, we’ll briefly discuss the chúng tôi error, it’s causes, and provide you with steps to help resolve it.

What is win32kbase.sys?

Win32kbase.sys is a Windows driver file located in the System32 folder. The file was designed to interact with the drivers and hardware of your system.

The file is very essential and is required for Windows to run correctly. If the file gets corrupted, removed, or otherwise, you’ll trigger a host of errors, e.g the chúng tôi error.

What causes win32kbase.sys?

The following are some of the common causes of the chúng tôi error:

Insufficient Memory – Computers require a minimum amount of free memory to process tasks. If you’ve got too many opened background applications, you’ll eventually run out of memory; this can lead to a system crash and further a BSOD error.

Corrupt or Missing System Files – Windows consists of specific files and folders that enable the OS to run optimally. If any of those files are corrupt or missing, you’ll run into errors like the win32kbase.sys.

Virus and Malware – A PC infected with virus or malware is rendered vulnerable to attacks which can lead to a system crash and subsequently a blue screen of death. If your PC is infected with malware, it could be the reason behind the chúng tôi error. You can run antivirus scans using Windows Defender or third-party antivirus software.

How can I fix the chúng tôi error?

Power cycle your PC.

Scan for virus and malware.

1. Run the System File Checker (SFC)

Sometimes, you might run into Windows Resource error while trying to run an SFC scan. This error prevents the system utility checker from operating properly.

If you want to make sure that your computer is free from corrupt or malfunctioning files, we suggest you try Fortect and locate healthy replacements from its massive repository.

2. Use the DISM Tool

Running a DISM scan will help repair corrupted Windows update files and ultimately resolve the chúng tôi error.

4. Perform a System Restore

If you noticed the chúng tôi error after making significant changes to your PC, you can easily revert back to an earlier state of your PC where the error was absent.

However, you’ll need to have created a restore point before you apply this fix. Here is a detailed guide on how to create a restore point in Windows. 

If you’ve been struggling with the chúng tôi error, this post has shown you four of the best ways to deal with the error. Resolving the error doesn’t involve much technicality; follow through our guide, and you should have your PC back to normal in no time.

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What Does It Mean To ‘Throw Out Your Back’?

“Throw out your back”- When does one use this term? Most individuals use this figure of speech when they suffer from acute back pain, also known as sudden and severe back pain, while engaging in an activity like gardening, shoveling snow, or even something as easy as bending over to pick up a pencil. Yet, the phrase can signify a variety of things.

Always seek medical attention if your pain is unbearable or extreme, or if you have additional symptoms like fever, numbness, or deteriorating strength.

Symptoms of Throwing out your Back

The following symptoms can result from throwing out your back −

Back discomfort that prevents you from moving about comfortably

Severe low back pain

Severe episodes of muscular tightening and relaxing issues preserving proper posture

If it’s an acute injury, the pain typically subsides after 10 to 14 days. Else, these symptoms could indicate a constant back problem.

How can one Treat Back Pain?

Use these tips to find relief if you toss out your back and it’s a muscular injury −


Rest on a hard surface, not a plush bed, so locate a spot on the floor where you can lie flat on your stomach. Keep the hands at the sides and relax. The back is in a more neutral position as a result. Next, relaxing the back muscles will help take the pressure from the nerves that usually lead to pain. You can tilt your head to one side or use a towel rolled into a “U” as a forehead support so you can look down at the ground.

Consuming anti-inflammatory Medicines

Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve) should provide some relief. A pain reliever may be prescribed by your doctor if your pain is severe and does not go away.

Using ice

For the first 24 to 48 hours after getting hurt, apply ice. You can switch to heat once you have passed the acute stage. Ice can help reduce swelling, which can cause radiating back pain.

Getting a Massage

There is some proof that a relaxing massage might help with severe back pain. According to doctors, massage may reduce lower back pain in the short term, while additional research is needed to see whether it is an effective long-term treatment.

Stretching and Strengthening What can you do to Manage Back Pain?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can aid in back care and help you avoid subsequent back injuries. Start with these suggestions −

Keep a Healthy body Weight

The effort of carrying extra weight, especially in the midsection, might affect your back.

Exercising Frequently

Being a couch potato increases your risk of suffering a back injury. But until you’re recovered from a back injury, stick to low-impact exercises. Walking is a great low-impact exercise that doesn’t put too much strain on your back.

Warm up Before Working out

Stretch your muscles out before playing tennis or going for a run. An ideal walking or mild activity time is ten to fifteen minutes. Slowly stretch your muscles. During stretching, don’t bounce or hold your breath. When you stretch, inhale deeply, and as you relax, exhale.

Do not Wear High Heels

Back issues may result from heels. If you do wear high heels, try to keep your time in them to a minimum. Instead one can try this. While traveling to your destination, put on supportive flats, then switch to heels for the function.

Use Your Knees to Lift

When lifting objects, (whether they are heavy or light) stoop down with your knees rather than your back. When you lift, you run the danger of hurting your back.

Avoid Smoking

Blood flow can be impeded by smoking. Your spinal tissues may be deprived of oxygen and other nutrients if blood flow is compromised.

Standing Tall

Sit erect and stand straight. Your back will suffer if you hunch over it, and you run the danger of suffering further harm.

How to Prevent Throwing out Your Back?

Possessing strong back and core muscles will lessen your risk of injuring your back. Pilates, yoga, and tai chi are exercises that can help you keep a strong back while encouraging flexibility.

Use safety gear when you can lessen the risk of back injuries in addition to engaging in physical exercise. An extra-supportive example would be a weightlifting belt or back brace. Options and sizes come in a variety.

To avoid back injuries, lift heavy objects with excellent posture. Be sure to −

Keeping elbows and arms close to the body.

Instead of lifting using your back and back muscles, bend at the knees and use your legs.

When lifting, try to avoid twisting your back.

When lifting, try to avoid jerking.

When the object becomes too heavy to lift further, take a break.

Always exercise caution when lifting large objects. If you think the load is heavy, then it might be so. You can try to employ mechanical aids, such as carts or specialized carriers, or you can enlist the assistance of another person.


It’s best to consult your doctor right away if you think something is wrong with your back. Also, discuss with your doctor whether chiropractic care would be beneficial for you.

What Does Mea Culpa Mean?

Mea culpa is an interjection meaning “through my fault.” It can also be used as a noun referring to an admission of guilt.

“Mea culpa” originates from a prayer of confession in the Catholic Church, but it’s now used in a more general sense to admit that something was your fault or to refer to a formal acknowledgment of wrongdoing.

Examples: Mea culpa in a sentenceMea culpa! I accidentally broke your favorite cup.

The governor’s mea culpa in response to the financial aid scandal seemed insincere.

The magazine issued a mea culpa for their slanderous statements about the vice president.

“Mea culpa” is a term of Latin origin (like “ad nauseam,” “vice versa,” and “et al.”), but it has been used in the English language for hundreds of years, so it doesn’t need to be italicized as a more recent loanword would be.

Other interesting language articles

If you want to know more about commonly confused words, definitions, and differences between US and UK spellings, make sure to check out some of our other language articles with explanations, examples, and quizzes.

Frequently asked questions

What does “mea maxima culpa” mean?

Mea maxima culpa is a term of Latin origin meaning “through my most grievous fault.” It is used to acknowledge a mistake or wrongdoing. Mea maxima culpa is a stronger version of mea culpa, which means “through my fault.”

Mea maxima culpa is traditionally used in a prayer of confession in the Catholic Church as the third and most emphatic expression of guilt (“mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa”). Unlike mea culpa, mea maxima culpa is rarely used outside of a religious context.

How do I pronounce “mea culpa”?

Mea culpa has four syllables. It’s pronounced with emphasis on the first and third syllables: [May-uh-kuul-puh].

Cite this Scribbr article

Ryan, E. Retrieved July 19, 2023,

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What Does Shadowbanned Mean On Tiktok?

Shadowban has been a term lurking in a disappointing corner of the internet. The term has recently come to be associated with the famous social media app TikTok. As the number of TikTok users increases, there are more and more reports popping up about accounts getting shadowbanned.

If your account has been shadowbanned or you’re worried about the same happening, here is everything you need to know about it.

What is shadowbanned on TikTok

As the name suggests, shadowbanned is a form of restriction in which either your entire account or certain aspects of it are not allowed for public viewing. The term is not exclusive to TikTok, although it has gained popularity recently because of the social media app.

When an account is shadowbanned, it will not appear on hashtag searches, music searches, or even on the For You page. Obviously, if you are a creator, this effect is quite noticeable since that is the core of your following.

There remains some uncertainty in regard to shadowbanning, so let’s clear it up. When you get shadowbanned, your account is not deactivated; neither are you locked out of your account. The main idea behind a shadowban seems to be TikTok’s way of letting you know that your account is not generating enough traffic. However, since there is no official data available about it, we can only postulate.

It seems that when your account gets shadowbanned, your followers can still access and like your content; they can even search for your TikTok username and find you. The main difference is that your content does no longer gets pushed by TikTok.

Related: What is TikTok FYP and why it matters the most for TikTokers?

Is the shadowban real?

This seems to be the question floating around discussion boards. TikTok has, of course, nothing to say about it. In fact, there is no mention of the term ‘shadowban’ anywhere in their Help center or Community guidelines pages.

However, a few users have come forward with damning evidence as to what can only be called a shadowban, in which their accounts no longer show up in searches. So even though there is no official statement about the same, we are inclined to believe that such a ban does exist. There are a few ways to find out if your account could be shadowbanned. Read on to find out.

Am I shadowbanned?

There are no immediate tell-tale signs when your account gets shadowbanned. In fact, many users do not realize until much later. TikTok does not send you a notice letting you know that your content will no longer be promoted.

However, there are a few ways you can check for yourself. The first thing you will notice is that your videos are getting fewer views (or no views in some cases). This is because TikTok is no longer pushing your content out for people to view.

As mentioned above, TikTok creators who have gotten their account shadowbanned claim that their accounts no longer show up in three main areas of TikTok: Hashtag searches, Music searches, For You Page. Surprisingly, if you are logged into your (shadowbanned) account, you cannot view the change. In order to see the difference, you need to log out of your account, and access TikTok from an account that does not follow you.

Hashtag searches

Hashtags can be attached to your content to help users find your videos better. They act as a search engine by grouping all videos with similar content together. To check if your videos are being excluded from hashtag searches, create a unique hashtag, and attach it to your video.

Now access TikTok from another account that does not follow you. Go to your profile, tap on the video, then tap on the hashtag. If you do not see your video show up, it could be that your account has been shadowbanned.

Music searches

You can attach music to your videos on TikTok. When you do, a music button appears beside your video, to help TikTokers better identify the music. Sound snippets work in a similar way to hashtag searches in which they list out all videos that use the same music. The list is populated in descending order with the videos with the most number of likes at the top.

To check if your videos are being excluded from Music searches, access your profile from another account, tap on a video, then tap on the music button. Note the number of views your video has, and look for it in the spot it should be on the list. If you don’t see it there, it could be an indicator that your account has been shadowbanned.

For You Page

Unfortunately, there is no real way to find out if your content is being pushed to the FYP of other TikTokers. You could check TikTok analytics (you need TikTok Pro for that), to get an idea of how many views are flowing if from the For You Page. While this is not a definitive indicator, if you compare it to previous posts, you might see a drastic drop in views.

How do you get shadowbanned

There seem to be a few things that could get your account shadowbanned on TikTok. However, it’s is not a definitive list. There are TikTok creators that claim they have done nothing on the list but still ended up being shadowbanned. But this is a good list of things to avoid in general to prevent your account from getting reported in any way.

Nudity: Nudity of any form is strictly banned on TikTok. If you remember the now discontinued ‘Transparent filter’, a number of accounts got reported for flashing.

Violence or dangerous behavior: It may not seem dangerous to you, but viewers looking at your content might find it so, and thus report it. Remember, you never know how far your content may reach on TikTok.

Lying about your age (younger than 14): TikTok has a minimum age restriction that requires users to be over 14 years of age. If TikTok identifies your account as an underage one, you could face a ban.

Basically, anything that goes against TikTok’s Community Guidelines can cause your account to get shadowbanned. If you want to read through the guidelines yourself, check out the like to the official guidelines page below.

Link: TikTok Community Guidelines

How to remove shadowban

Now, let’s just say right off the bat, there is no guarantee that these will work. Some users claim that some of them do, others say they don’t. So when you try them, make sure you keep your fingers tightly crossed. Here are some things you could try to get your account unshadowbanned (is that a word?).

Switch up your content. Try posting more engaging content, and obviously don’t post anything that defies the Community Guidelines.

If all else fails, create a new account on TikTok. However, before you do, make sure that you are using a different IP address than the one that got shadowbanned. It could be possible that TikTok also banned your IP.

How long does a TikTok Shadowban last?

Many reports claim that the ban lasts for approximately 14 days, after which you should see a sudden spike in your views. However, this only seems to be the case if the offensive video is taken down. So if you know what video caused the shadowban, the first thing to do is to take that video down.

There are also creators that say that their ban has been on for months. So there is no real clarity on this aspect.


What Does Pfp Mean On Tiktok?

Don’t beat yourself up too much over not knowing current Social Media acronyms. The pace at which they emerge and the sense of exclusivity that surrounds them make it almost impossible to know everything unless you’re literally omniscient.

TikTok, of course, is no exception to the natural laws of Social Media. If you want in on this app, you will need to respect and follow its linguistic rules. But don’t worry, we’re here to help. In this article, we will cover what PFP means on TikTok.

Related: Free Tiktok Likes: Can You Get Them? Is it even possible?

What is PFP on TikTok?

PFP is an acronym that stands for ‘Profile picture’. Yes, it’s quite an obvious one. While profile picture used to be a simple PP, on TikTok it has taken up the acronym of PFP.  On other social media apps, the acronym also stands for ‘Picture For Proof’ which is basically asking a person to send them proof of what they are doing. However, that is mainly associated with Snapchat and IM apps.

Since TikTok is primarily a video sharing app, the PFP acronym only stands for ‘Profile Picture’.

Related: ‘Where is your soulmate’ filter on TikTok: How to get it and what it means

What is the PFP hashtag?

Hashtags on TikTok are used as search engines to help group similar content together. When you search for a hashtag or tap on one, you will get a list of content all related to that hashtag.

TikTok creators add the #PFP to videos with cool images for profile pictures. The hashtag has over 208 million videos. However, the hashtag is also used on videos making fun of some crazy profile pictures that you find on TikTok. Either way, you should definitely check out the hashtag. Use the link below to pursue all videos with the #PFP

TikTok: #PFP

How to get a cool PFP using the hashtag

Your profile picture is the one static aspect of your profile. That is why it is so important to have a good one. Videos with #PFP basically have multiple images that you can screenshot and then upload as your own profile picture.

Different devices have different ways of taking screenshots. The most common way to take a screenshot is to hold down the power and volume up button.

Visit the #PFP video that you would like to use. Take a screenshot on your phone at the right moment to capture the photo you like. Now head to your profile and upload your new PFP. Screenshot images will be accessible from your device gallery.

Related: What is Elite TikTok? Here’s a Quiz to find out your side

How to change your PFP on TikTok

Now tap your Profile picture and select ‘Change’ from the bottom.

In the pop-up menu, tap ‘Select from Gallery’ and select the screenshotted image from the #PFP video. That’s it! You now have a cool new profile picture on your account.

Related: How to delete TikTok drafts safely. Plus, how to save to camera roll first

Some cool #PFP videos on TikTok


What Does Hy Mean On Snapchat And How To Use It?

Well, Snapchatters don’t follow the Oxford dictionary, that’s for sure. Many a time you will come across acronyms and phrases that you wouldn’t have heard outside of the social media sphere. hy is one of those. Read on to learn what hy means on Snapchat.

What are Snapchat acronyms

Snapchat has a language of its own. And in order to master the app, one must learn its language. From acronyms to special indicators and to dedicated emojis, Snapchat exists in a separate social media sphere.

Some of these acronyms (like ION) are used on other social media apps too. In fact, some of these acronyms have gotten their own GIFs!

Related: Snapchat Emoji Meanings: Here’s what Friendship, Snapstreak, Zodiac and Other Miscellaneous Emojis Mean

What does ‘hy’ mean on Snapchat

The acronym HY stands for ‘Hell yes’, or Hell yeah’. It is quite straightforward and means exactly what it says. HY is used to denote excitement and affirmation. The use of the acronym extends beyond the confines of Snapchat, and can even be found in text messages and DMs.

Many emoji keyboards have stickers pertaining to HY. You can search for these stickers using the acronym or just ‘Hell yes’.

Related: What do various terms mean on Snapchat

How is ‘HY’ used on Snapchat?

HY is used as a response to a question. It can be used in chat or even in a snap. The acronym is used to express excitement toward doing something. For example, if someone asks you ‘do you want to watch The Office for the fifteenth time?’, you could reply with ‘HY!’.

There is no other interpretation for HY. Its only use is in confirmation and can be used instead of a simple affirmative answer (yes).

How to use ‘HY’ on Snapchat

You can simply type hy in your message and send that. But if you have a thing for GIFs and all, here’s how to send a GIF for Hell Yeah.

Unlike other acronyms, HY can only be used to denote confirmation. Of course, the reason for confirmation can be anything, so that opens up its use to a wide variety of scenarios. You can use HY by simply sending it as a response in a chat conversation on Snapchat.

Now tap the ‘Stickers’ button in the right-side panel. Use the search function at the top to search for ‘hell yea’. You should see all the listed stickers and Bitmoji that correspond to it. Go ahead and tap on the one you like.

Once you have added the sticker to your snap, send it out as you normally would.

Alternatives to HY

Here are some alternatives to HY on Snapchat. Like HY, you can also find their corresponding stickers on Snapchat.

Fo Sho: This means ‘For sure’. It is used to indicate that you completely agree with what the person is saying.

Defs: This is a shortened form of the word ‘definitely’. It is simply used instead of the word definitely to indicate affirmation. For example, ‘Are you coming over tomorrow?’ ‘Oh, defs!’

Yasss: This one is actually quite popular. It is just the word ‘yes’ but with more conviction. ‘Yasss’ is used to denote that you completely agree with the person.


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