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Version control means tracking and managing changes to software code. With version control, software development teams are able to work faster and more efficiently. A version control tool allows for improved collaboration. The software development team can work simultaneously on different parts of the codebase without collisions.

This guide teaches you what version control is on a high level. You will learn why software developers should use one and how it even works. Besides, you are going to learn what are the most popular choices for version control systems. At the end of this guide, you are going to see a quick example of how to version and manage a simple example code project.

What Is Version Control?

As the name suggests, version control is a software code management system. To understand the word version control better, think about software versioning. Whenever you make a change to the codebase, you are essentially creating a new version of the software. A system that manages these code changes is then naturally a version control system.

Version control keeps track of every single code change. The system stores the changes in a specific type of version control database. If a developer makes a mistake, it’s easy to jump back into the version history to restore the version before the change.

In a sense, version control is like “CTRL + Z on steroids”. You can not only undo the changes made in the current session but also jump back in time to the early days of your project. If you removed a feature a year ago that you now want back, you can do it with version control with no problem.

Developing software at scale wouldn’t be possible without version control. Of course, if you are getting started with coding and working with basic examples, you don’t need to spend time versioning them. That being said, learning how version control works are important, and you should get started with it as soon as possible. No matter what software position you land on, you will need to learn version control.

The version control is not only great for undoing mistakes, but it’s also a great overall system that promotes collaboration. With a version control system, each team member can work on their own branch that doesn’t interfere with the main program.

The developers take a copy of the current version of the software to make edits to it. When the edits are ready, the copy version of the software needs to be merged with the actual version of the software. With version control, this is easy. You can merge changes to the main software. If there are contradictions, the version control system highlights them in an easy-to-understand fashion.

Software developers don’t send code changes over WhatsApp or email. They use version control.

But keep in mind, that you won’t learn version control overnight. It takes a ton of practice because there are lots of new terms and concepts you need to embrace. Some universities even have version control courses. But once you get the hang of it, you’ll never avoid using version control ever again.

Version Control Benefits

Using version control is a necessity in software development teams. It allows teams to move faster and deliver quicker. When a development team grows, version control makes it possible to keep up with the pace. During the past decades, the version control landscape has improved by a ton. One of the most popular version control systems is Git.

Here is a quick breakdown of the benefits of using version control systems, such as Git.

1. Best Version Control Systems Are Free

The best version control systems are free. For instance, the Git version control system comes at no cost. This lowers the barrier for individuals as well as larger enterprises to adapt to the version control systems. Besides being free, version control is easy to set up and the workflow is relatively easy to learn.

2. Access to the Entire Project History

With version control, you can track the entire history of a project or a file. Any changes made throughout the years remain in the version control system. This applies to creating and deleting entire files too.

The history information comes with details of the author, date, purpose of the changes, and more.

Having such a complete picture of the history of the software allows for tracking issues. Besides, this makes it possible to update older versions of the software.

3. Branching and Merging for Collaboration

Think about a software development team. Each individual developer needs to be able to work on the same codebase at the same time.

This is where version control helps. A version control system allows you to create your own branch. This is an independent copy of the original codebase where you can work without interfering with the main codebase. Once you have made changes, you can merge the branch back to the main version of the software.

In a software development team, each developer can create their own branch and work there at the same time. This is the only manageable way to simultaneously work on the software.

Without branching and merging, developers would quite literally need to send code changes in WhatsApp or email. Imagine what chaos that would be.

4. Integrations with Project Management Tools

With version control, you can connect every code change to project management and bug-tracking software, such as Jira.

You can couple the project management tools with a version control system. This makes it possible to automatically update the bug/feature ticket statuses based on the commits made to the codebase. All in all, this improves the clarity of developing software in teams and makes the code history even more accessible.

Most Popular Version Control Systems

In the version control space, Git dominates. It’s the most popular version control system in use. Git comes with the most powerful feature set for developing software at scale. Most third-party platforms support Github. Also, the workflow is the most reliable and relatively easy to adapt to.

Here are the most popular version control systems.


Apache Subversion (SVN)


Perforce Helix Core

Concurrent Versions System (CVS)

If you are not sure where to start, start with Git. It’s the most reliable and popular version control system. Needless to mention, it’s free to use!

Version Control Example with Git

Let’s take a quick look at how version control works in a nutshell. The main point here is not to necessarily teach you how to start using version control. Instead, I’m going to show you quickly how easy it is to set up. Furthermore, you are going to see a couple of the most common version control commands and workflows.

Let’s start with a Python project folder exampleProject that has an empty file called chúng tôi .

To put this project under version control, you need to open up Terminal (or command line) and change directory to the project folder. Inside the project folder, run the command git init:

Now the example project is under version control!

Next, let’s commit the empty chúng tôi to the project. This means the version control system starts tracking changes to the chúng tôi . To commit the file, you need to:

Prepare the file for commit. This happens with git add filename command.

Commit the file with a message. This happens with git commit -m “message here”.

Now the chúng tôi is being tracked for changes! Next, let’s add some code to the file. Once you have added some functionality to the file, you can check the changes the version control sees by calling git diff:

Git shows + sign in front of the newly added code lines on the terminal view. These are the changes you just made. But now these changes are not labeled in any way. To store these changes in the version control system, you need to commit them, similar to how you committed the empty file:

Now the new code lines are stored in the version control. For the sake of demonstration, let’s add a new function to the code file. Then, let’s call git diff again.

Git shows the changes in the file on the terminal window again. The new lines are marked with a + sign. Let’s commit these changes again:

To recap, thus far you have recorded three separate changes to your example project:

Add an empty Python file.

Add a function to calculate the area of a circle.

Add a function to calculate the volume of a circle.

To actually see these documented in the version control, you can call git log:

This shows you the three separate changes you recorded (committed) to the project.

Take a look at the above screenshot of the logs. Each commit has a unique hash before it. You can use this hash to travel back in time to see how the code file looked after a particular code change. For example, let’s grab the 2nd commit hash and use git checkout hash_id to travel back in time.

As you can see, the volume function is now gone from the code file. This is because you jumped back in time to see what the file looked like before creating the volume function.

To jump back to the previous commit, you can call git checkout –.

Awesome! So now you saw the very basics of version control. Notice that the above example merely scratches the surface. There are much more useful features that I didn’t cover to keep it in scope. These include:

Uploading the project into a cloud-based version of Git, that is, GitHub.

Inviting collaborators.

Collaborating with the codebase with branching.

Modifying, removing, and rearranging commits.

Reverting changes.

Doing pull requests.

And much more.

Wrap Up

Version control is a system that keeps track of code changes. It’s a tool that enables the development of software at scale. Both individual developers and development teams benefit from version control systems. The main benefits of version control include:

Access to the full project history

Branching and merging for improved collaboration

Integrations with project management tools and such

Besides, the best version control system, Git, is completely free to use.

Thanks for reading! I hope you start learning version control as soon as possible! Just remember to be patient. Don’t expect to master version control overnight.

Read Also

Coding Glossary

What Is Git?

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What Is The Latest Version Of Android?

The Android operating system is the most widespread mobile device operating system in the world. There’s always a new version of Android around the corner, so there’s a good chance you’re not running the latest version.

Do you have the latest version? We’ll show you how to check what version of Android you have, what the latest version offers, how to update, and what’s next for Android.

Table of Contents

The Latest Android Version is Android 12

At the time of writing, the latest version of the Android OS is 12, released on October 4, 2023.

Of course, unless you’re running a “stock” Android device, you may not have access to Android 12 for quite some time. This is because each device manufacturer tends to develop and put their own custom “skin” on top of Android. For example, Samsung Galaxy phones have One UI, Xiaomi has MIUI, OnePlus has OxygenOS, and so on, which causes the delay.

Key Features of Android 12

Like all major versions of Android, Android 12 comes with several key features that will either convince you to update or stick with the Android version that you know and love.

Android 12 is a major refinement of the operating system. The graphical interface has received a major facelift. System colors can automatically adjust based on your wallpaper. Widgets have a new look, animations and motions have been modernized. Everything on the home screen feels more polished and premium.

Another notable set of features in Android 12 relates to accessibility. There’s a new window magnifier, an extra dim mode for those with light sensitivity or who want to browse in the dark.

Depending on your vision needs, you can also bold text across the entire phone and do system-wide color tweaking, including switching the phone to grayscale.

Privacy features bring Android 12 more in line with the latest version of Apple’s iOS. There are new clear indicators when your mic or camera is recording, and you can permanently disable your camera and mic if you don’t want any apps to access them.

What Happened to the Dessert Names?

Although the first Android versions didn’t have code names, you may remember that for a long time, each Android version was known by dessert names:

Cupcake (Android 1.5)

Donut (Android 1.6)

Eclair (Android 2.0 – 2.1)

Froyo (Android 2.2 – 2.2.3)

Gingerbread (Android 2.3 – 2.3.7)

Honeycomb (Android 3.0 – 3.2.6)

Ice Cream Sandwich (Android 4.0 – 4.0.4)

Jelly Bean (Android 4.1- 4.3.1)

KitKat (Android 4.4 – 4.4.4)

Lollipop (Android 5.0 – 5.1.1)

Marshmallow (Android 6.0 – 6.0.1)

Nougat (Android 7.0 – 7.1.2)

Oreo (Android 8.0 – 8.1)

Pie (Android 9.0)

With Android 10 (aka “Quince Tart”), Google decided that it would switch over to version numbers just like Apple’s iOS.

The dessert code names haven’t gone away, but they are no longer the official public name of the operating system. For example, Android 11’s internal codename is “Red Velvet Cake.” Android 12’s dessert name is “Snow Cone”!

How to Update to the Latest Version of Android

If you’re raring to go and want to upgrade to the latest version of Android, there are a few ways to do it. The one that requires the least effort is simply waiting until you receive a notification that your phone is ready for a system update. Then you can simply schedule the update or proceed with it immediately, downloading the update over Wi-Fi.

If you want to check whether an update is available manually, open Settings and select software update.

Why Can’t I Update to the Latest Version of Android?

You may have been excited to see the official release date for the new version of Android has come and gone, but the offer to upgrade to it doesn’t seem to be available. As mentioned above, most Android phone makers take the time to customize Android before releasing it on their phones. This can take a few months, so you may have to wait for those new features.

Then again, companies like Samsung or Xiaomi add features to their custom version of Android that isn’t in the stock Android release or will only come in a future version. For example, a screen recording feature was only added to Android 11, but Samsung Galaxy phones (among others) have had this for years before Android 11’s release.

If your handset is older than two years, you may never receive the option to update your phone. Android phones have a notoriously short support cycle compared to iPhones, and you may find that you’re left out in the cold as they turn their attention to new handsets.

This is changing; for example, Samsung has committed to at least four Android version updates for its Galaxy S22 phone range. If you have a stock Android device such as the Google Pixel 6 or other Pixel phones, you can update as soon as a new Android version drops. However, Android may not support older models because they can’t handle new functionality.

What Happens if You Don’t Update?

If you can’t (or don’t want to) update to a newer version of Android, you can keep using your phone as usual. You should still get security updates and bug fixes for a few years. However, you may find that Android apps from the Google Play Store eventually drop support for your Android version, making your phone less useful over time.

When is Android 13 Available?

While Google has not given a firm release date for Android 13 “Tiramisu”, general expectations are that it will have a stable release late in Q3 or early in Q4 of 2023. The next Google I/O event will likely provide a firm date. Except for stock Android devices, users can expect to get Android 13 sometime in 2023.

Previewing Upcoming Android Versions

If you don’t want to wait to experience the next version of Android, you can try the preview builds meant for developers. If you have a Google Pixel device, you can install a developer preview build using developer tools on your phone. However, we don’t recommend that anyone do this on their primary device.

You can also grab a preview build from Google’s Developer site and run it in an Android Emulator to get a taste of what’s to come.

Getting New Android Versions on Unsupported Devices

If your phone manufacturer has abandoned Android updates for your device, you always have the option of installing a custom ROM on your phone. This means erasing the factory system image and replacing it with one made by a third party.

This is an excellent way to update a phone or tablet that is no longer receiving updates but may have competent hardware to run new versions of Android. However, you may face some downsides, such as losing manufacturer-specific features for that device. For example, if you have a fancy foldable phone, it’s unlikely that a custom ROM not meant for that handset would support folding functions.

Flashing your phone with a custom ROM is not for the faint-hearted, but if you follow the steps to root your device, install custom recovery software, and finally flash a custom ROM, you should get through it.

I Want to Go Back to an Older Version of Android

Getting the latest version of Android is great, but sometimes you may feel like you prefer the way things used to be, or perhaps there are significant bugs on your phone that you can’t live with until a patch arrives.

It is possible to roll back to a previous version of Android, but not using official methods. Instead, check out our guide on downgrading to an older Android version.

What Is International Business Management? Why Is It Important?

blog / Business Management What is International Business Management? A Comprehensive Guide for 2023

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We live in a highly interconnected world and that is inevitably reflected in the way we do business. As such, it has become increasingly important to stay on top of business trends in today’s global economy to succeed. And to do that, organizations need to have an understanding of how international business management works. This not only involves understanding the way other countries do business but also includes knowing the right way to interact with people from different cultures. Therefore, if you are interested in a globally relevant career and succeeding at it, you should know what is international business management and all that it entails.

The following article will explain what is international business management, how important it is, and why you might want to study it.

What is International Business Management?

International business management offers students a deeper understanding of various business management practices, such as finance, marketing, supply chains, human resources, and operations from across the world. It helps students prepare for careers that involve working either abroad or for organizations conducting business on a global scale. 

Importance of International Business Management

Let us understand the significance of being adept at business management on a global scale.

You can help businesses to increase their stake in the global marketplace to maximize their profits

You learn how to work successfully in a global business environment 

Helps in expanding your professional network and forming long-lasting ties with other professionals from different parts of the world  

Offers great employment opportunities at prestigious international organizations

Why Study International Business Management

There are multiple reasons why you should pursue a degree in international business management.  

Earn a Global Perspective

You will get the opportunity to learn about various international challenges that are faced by organizations during your studies. It provides a glimpse into a variety of important factors, including international boundaries, businesses that operate internationally, the global economy, and how to negotiate with people from different countries with distinct cultures.

Enhance Management Skills

A degree in international business management will have you working on individual and group projects, preparing reports, and presenting your perspective and thoughts. You will be able to sharpen a variety of soft skills such as problem-solving, decision-making, strategic thinking, leadership, and delegating, all of which are requisite when doing business internationally.

Get a Competitive Edge

ALSO READ: What is Business Management? How to be a Good Business Manager

The Scope of International Business Management 

The rapid expansion and development of global markets have led to a rise in the demand for individuals who are knowledgeable about international business management. This field can therefore offer any number of opportunities to qualified and deserving candidates.

If you have a degree in international business management, you can seek employment in any industry, from healthcare and the automobile sector to IT. A degree in international business management is also applicable across a vast number of roles, including that of a business development manager, financial trader, sales and marketing executive, external auditor, supply chain manager, data scientist, etc.

Types of International Business Degrees

Learning what is international business management also includes knowing the different types of degrees that fit your career goals better.

International Economics

This degree focuses on understanding logistics, operations, and issues associated with the global economy.

International Banking and Finance

It will help one learn about the trading behavior that occurs within financial markets. Also, it enables one to learn the techniques that organizations use to attain their financial goals.

International Marketing

This degree will teach you to apply marketing fundamentals in an international context.

International Human Resources Management

This focuses on recruiting, organizing, and managing human resources on a global scale.

International Operations Management

This degree will help you learn about the procedures used by global businesses to manage their products and services.

International Business Administration

This is all about how to apply business management principles and practices in the context of a global business.

International Affairs

This degree focuses on how to address a variety of global challenges. These include economics, human rights, sociocultural conditions, and politics when operating at the international level.

Jobs to Pursue with an International Business Management Degree International Accountant

You develop knowledge and expertise about the principles of international tax law.

Policy Analyst

As a policy analyst, you can assist companies in resolving difficult policy-related problems that could span sectors including healthcare, security, and the environment.

International Economist

The job involves studying financial markets, exchange rates, and the impact that trade policies can have on countries’ economies. 

International Human Resources Manager

This involves creating and implementing hiring, managing, and firing policies on a global scale that are in line with distinct work cultures and international labor law.

Global Marketing Manager

This role is all about assisting companies in locating attractive consumer markets around the world, which enables companies to expand their customer base and penetrate international markets. 

Get the Global Outlook with Emeritus

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What Is Productivity Management And Why Is It Important?

Productivity management encompasses a wide range of activities, including planning, goal setting, process improvement, resource allocation, and performance tracking. It involves collaboration across departments and requires a deep understanding of the organization’s operations and goals.

Productivity management is crucial for businesses of all sizes and industries for several reasons −

Improving efficiency − By analyzing processes and identifying inefficiencies, productivity management can help businesses improve their workflow and eliminate waste, leading to increased efficiency and productivity.

Cost reduction − Through effective productivity management, businesses can identify and eliminate unnecessary expenses, such as excess inventory, overtime pay, or redundant processes, leading to cost savings and increased profitability.

Meeting deadlines and goals − Productivity management ensures that projects are completed on time and within budget, which is essential for meeting deadlines and achieving business goals.

Employee satisfaction − By streamlining processes and reducing wasted time and resources, product management can help employees feel more satisfied with their work and can improve overall morale.

Innovation and growth − Effective productivity management can free up resources and create a culture of continuous improvement, leading to greater innovation and growth opportunities for the business.

Key Principles of Productivity Management

There are several key principles of productivity management that organizations should keep in mind to ensure that they are working as efficiently as possible −

Set Clear Goals − It’s essential to have clear goals that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). These goals help to provide focus and direction for the organization, ensuring that everyone is working towards the same objectives.

Measure Performance − Organizations need to track their performance regularly to identify areas where they can improve. This includes collecting data on productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness, and using this information to make informed decisions.

Focus on Continuous Improvement − Productivity management is an ongoing process of improvement. Organizations need to continually look for ways to optimize their processes, eliminate waste, and streamline their operations to increase efficiency.

Encourage Collaboration − Productivity management is not just about individual performance but also about how teams work together. Encouraging collaboration and communication can help to identify opportunities for improvement and drive innovation.

Invest in Technology − Technology can play a crucial role in improving productivity. Organizations should invest in tools and systems that help to automate tasks, streamline workflows, and increase efficiency.

Empower Employees − Empowering employees means giving them the tools, resources, and autonomy they need to do their jobs effectively. This includes providing training and development opportunities, giving them ownership over their work, and encouraging a culture of accountability.

Benefits of Effective Productivity Management

Effective productivity management has several benefits that can help organizations to achieve success in the long run. Here are some easy-to-understand examples −

Improved quality − By focusing on productivity, organizations can improve the quality of their products or services. This is because productivity management involves identifying areas where improvements can be made and implementing changes that lead to better outcomes.

Better customer satisfaction − When organizations are more productive, they can respond to customer needs more quickly and efficiently. This can help to improve customer satisfaction levels, leading to increased loyalty and repeat business.

Enhanced competitiveness − In today’s competitive business environment, organizations need to be able to operate efficiently and effectively to stay ahead. Effective productivity management can help to give organizations a competitive edge by enabling them to deliver better products or services at a lower cost.

Increased employee engagement − When employees are empowered to do their jobs effectively, they tend to be more engaged and motivated. This can lead to higher levels of job satisfaction, better morale, and ultimately, better retention rates.

Strategies for Improving Productivity Management

Improving productivity management is a critical process that can help organizations to optimize their resources and achieve their desired outcomes. Here are some strategies that organizations can use to improve their productivity management in simple, easy-to-understand language −

Streamline processes − One of the best ways to improve productivity management is to streamline processes. This involves identifying areas where there is waste or inefficiency and finding ways to eliminate it. For example, organizations can automate repetitive tasks, remove unnecessary steps in a process, or implement lean manufacturing principles to reduce waste.

Implement goal-setting − Setting clear goals is essential for effective productivity management. Organizations should set specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals that align with their overall objectives. This can help to provide focus and direction for the organization, ensuring that everyone is working towards the same objectives.

Encourage collaboration − Collaboration is critical for effective productivity management. This can help to drive innovation and continuous improvement.

Invest in technology − Technology can play a crucial role in improving productivity management. Organizations should invest in tools and systems that help to automate tasks, streamline workflows, and increase efficiency.

Provide training and development − Employees need to be equipped with the skills and knowledge to do their jobs effectively. Organizations should provide training and development opportunities to help employees develop the skills they need to be productive. This can include leadership training, technical skills training, or soft skills training.

Measure performance − Finally, organizations need to measure performance regularly to identify areas where they can improve. This includes collecting data on productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness, and using this information to make informed decisions.


In conclusion, productivity management is a critical process that should be a top priority for any organization that wants to achieve success and stay competitive in today’s fast-paced business environment.

However, making productivity management a priority is not always easy. It requires a willingness to embrace change, invest in new technologies and processes, and empower employees to take ownership of their work. It also requires a commitment to continuous improvement and a willingness to learn from mistakes.

So, if you haven’t already made productivity management a priority in your organization, now is the time to start. Embrace change, invest in new technologies and processes, and empower your employees to take ownership of their work.

What Is Code Injection? (How It Works, How To Prevent)

These attacks are typically made feasible by a lack of sufficient input/output data validation, such as −

Data format

Quantity of anticipated data

Allowable characters

SQL injection, Script injection, Shell injection, and Dynamic evaluation are the four primary forms of code injections. All of them function on the same idea that a code is injected into and executed by programs.

What is Command Injection?

In Command Injection, an attacker’s options are restricted solely by the capabilities of the injected language. An attacker is only restricted by PHP’s capabilities if they are able to inject PHP code into an application and have it executed. Using existing code to execute commands, generally inside the context of a shell, is known as command injection.

How Does Code Injection Work?

When an application doesn’t have adequate input validation or doesn’t sanitize the data it stores, it’s exposed to code injection.

Let’s talk about what “user input” is before we get into functioning. In simple terms, user input refers to any data that a user enters into an application and that the program subsequently processes.

The program is only designed to accept particular input types, according to its creators. The application into which the code is being injected anticipates certain sorts of data. In rare circumstances, the developer may be careless in ensuring that the right data is provided to the program.

Code injection attacks may affect a variety of apps. Code injection is done via the eval() function. By inserting code as user input, the attacker abuses the program. The attackers gain access to the system information and database after the attack is successful.

Hackers initially look for attack surfaces in the application that can receive untrusted data and utilize it to execute computer code. Direct sources like cookies and query string parameters, are the examples.

A straight concatenation of character strings, the PHP eval() function, or its counterpart in another language is usually used to introduce code. An attacker can get access to the application’s server-side interpreter if the vulnerability is successful. The attackers can utilize system calls to execute instructions on the server and get access to further information.

How to Prevent Code Injection Attacks?

Developers can take the following precautions to prevent Code Injection Attacks −

Use Whitelisting for Input Validation

Whitelisting is easier to set up and allows security teams more control over what data or types of input the application may handle, lowering the chance of malicious code being executed by an attacker.

Use Contextual Output Encoding

Use contextual output encoding to transform harmful input into safer representations, where user data can be presented but not executed as code.

Use a Static Type System

To ensure language separation, use a static type system. With static type systems, teams may create declarative control checks without the added runtime cost.

Avoid Using Unsafe Functions in the Source Code

It’s vital to avoid utilizing any vulnerable code evaluation structures when developing source code. Instead, developers should employ safe, language-specific functionality to manage user-supplied inputs.

Use the HttpOnly Flag on Cookies

Use the HttpOnly flag on cookies to prevent client-side script interaction. The HttpOnly flag on every cookie that the server creates indicates that the cookie should not be accessible from the client-side. As a consequence, even if there are issues with HTML injection, the cookies cannot be shared with third parties.

How To View Source Code Of Webpages In Safari Iphone On Mac? – Webnots

On desktop computers, you can use the developer console on the browsers to check the source code of websites. This is a very easy task when using Google Chrome browser both on MacBook and Windows based PC. However, viewing source code is a lengthy process when using Safari browser on MacBook. And, that’s a kind of hidden feature with the Safari on your iPhone. If you ever wonder to look at the source code of webpages in Safari on your iPhone, here is how you can do that.

Can I View Source Code of Webpages in Safari iPhone?

The answer is no. You can’t view the source code of webpages directly on your iPhone. It also does not make sense to do such analysis with a small screen devices. However, Apple allows you to view the source code of mobile webpages and do all the Developer Console related stuffs from your Mac.

What You Need?

You need the following things to view the source code of iPhone Safari webpages on your Mac?

Your iPhone with the the latest iOS version

Lightning connector cable

Your Mac computer or laptop

How to View Source Code of Webpages in Safari iPhone?

Follow the below steps to view the source code of webpages in Safari iPhone on your Mac.

Add “Develop” menu in Mac Safari

Enable “Web Inspector” in Safari iPhone

Connect iPhone to Mac

View source and inspect elements

Step 1 – Add Develop Menu in Safari Mac

The Safari browser on Mac by default does not show the developer console and inspect element option. You need to manually enable the “Develop” menu in order to enable the developer console in Safari.

Show Develop Menu in Safari Menu Bar

Learn more on how to add “Develop” menu in Safari and do the responsiveness testing of website.

Step 2 – Enable Web Inspector in Safari iPhone

Similar to enabling “Develop” menu in Safari Mac, you also need to an option called “Web Inspector” in Safari iPhone.

Tap on the “Settings” app and go to “Safari” settings page on your iPhone.

Scroll down to the bottom and tap on “Advanced” option.

On the next screen, you can enable “Web Inspector” option.

Enable Web Inspector in Safari iPhone

Step 3 – Connect iPhone to Mac

Now that you have setup your iPhone and Mac. Next step is to connect the iPhone to your Mac. If you have iPhone 11 or liver models, use your USB lightning cable to connect the phone to Mac. However, the latest iPhone 11 Pro models come with USB Type-C connector instead of the USB lightning connector cable. In such case, you can use the old USB cables or need an additional convertor to connect Type-C cable to your MacBook USB port.

If this is the first time you connect your iPhone then choose to “Trust” the device by entering your passcode.

Trust Mac

Step 4 – View Source Code

Launch Safari browser on iPhone and open the website you want to view the source code and inspect elements.

Safari Web Inspector in Mac

You can view elements, check sources and do all kind of analysis that you can do with Chrome Developer Tools.

You can select the elements on the Web Inspector to view source code and the corresponding element will get highlighted on your Safari iPhone.

Highlighting Webpage Elements in Safari iPhone

Final Words

Note that you can also do the responsive site analysis on Safari Mac. However, selecting mobile relevant elements may be difficult in responsive design mode and Mac may not your iPhone models by default. Therefore, using Web Inspector to inspect elements is an effective method to directly get the relevant element’s source code.

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