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If you are looking for a way to decrypt files encrypted by Ransomware then this complete list of Ransomware decrypt & removal tools will help you unlock files encrypted or locked by ransomware on your Windows computer. Ransomware threats are on the rise, and every other day we get to read about it – whether it is WannaCrypt, Petya or Locky ransomware. This class of malware seems to be the favorite now as it is very profitable – lock down users’ files and data and then demand money to unlock them.

While there are some basic steps one can take to prevent ransomware, including making use of some free anti-ransomware software, it can still happen that you end up being a victim of some ransomware.

Well, what does one do after a Ransomware attack on your Windows computer?

Can you decrypt ransomware?

If a Ransomware Decryption Tool is available for the malware that has locked down your files then the chances are very high that you will be able to decrypt and recover your files. If no such tool is available, then the best bet would be to use your backup files. If you decide to pay then the private key that they give you is almost always known to work and help decrypt the files.

Ransomware Decryption Tools

First of all, identify the Ransomware which has infected your computer. For this, you may use a free online service called ID Ransomware

If you are able to identify the ransomware, check if a ransomware decrypt tool is available for your type of ransomware. Currently, the following decryptor tools are available.

You may go through the entire list or press Ctrl+F and search for a specific ransomware name.

Before you use these tools, use any good antivirus software or ransomware removal tool to remove the ransomware. Only then should you use these ransomware file decryptor tools. However, if you have moved your encrypted files to another isolated secure system, you directly use these tools.

1] Decrypter for HydraCrypt and UmbreCrypt Ransomware: HydraCrypt and UmbreCrypt are the two new Ransomware variants from the CrypBoss Ransomware family. Once successful in breaching your PC security, HydraCrypt and UmbreCrypt can lock your computer and deny access to your own files.

2] CryptoLocker Decryption Tool : This free Decryptlocker or CryptoLocker Decryption online tool from FireEye and Fox-IT to decrypt the Cryptolocker encrypted files. UPDATE: The site appears to have been taken down.

3] Petya ransomware decrypt tool & password generator: PETYA ransomware is one of the most recent online threats for PC users. It is a malware which overwrites the MBR (Master Boot Record) of your PC and leaves it unbootable and also disallows restarting the PC in Safe Mode.

4] Operation Global III Ransomware Decryption Tool: This ransomware attacks your system and then displays a  leaving the user with no choice but to pay the ransom amount. All your encrypted file extensions are changed to .EXE and are infected with malicious codes.

5] Unlock files locked by Decrypt Protect ransomware using this tool from Emsisoft.

6] Emsisoft has released several decryptor tools for ransomware. This list currently includes ransomware decryption tools for:

AutoLocky, Aurora, Nemucod, DMALocker2, HydraCrypt, UmbreCrypt, DMALocker, CrypBoss, Gomasom, LeChiffre, KeyBTC, Radamant, CryptInfinite, PClock, CryptoDefense, Harasom, Xorist, 777, BadBlock, DApocalypse, ApocalypseVM, Stampado, Fabiansomware, Philadelphia, FenixLocker, Al-Namrood, Globe, OzozaLocker, Globe2, NMoreira or XRatTeam or XPan, OpenToYou or OpenToDecrypt, GlobeImposter, MRCR, Globe3, Marlboro, OpenToYou, CryptON, Damage, Cry9, Cry128, Amnesia, Amnesia2, NemucodAES, BigBobRoss, PewCrypt, CryptoPokemon, ZQ Ransomware, MegaLocker, JSWorm 2.0, GetCrypt, Ims00rry, ZeroFks, JSWorm 4.0, WannaCryFake, Avest,Muhstik, HildaCrypt, STOP Djvu, Stop Puma, Paradise, Jigsaw, Hakbit, TurkStatik, ChernoLocker, Ransomwared, KokoKrypt, JavaLocker, RedRum, Zorab, SpartCrypt, CheckMail7, Crypt32, Cyborg, Ziggy, Avaddon, SynAck, Ragnatok.

You can get them all for free on their official website along with detailed usage guides.

7] Cisco also offers a free Decryption Tool for TeslaCrypt Ransomware Victims. This TeslaCrypt Decryption Tool is an open-source command-line utility for decrypting TeslaCrypt ransomware encrypted files so users’ files can be returned to their original state. Read more on it here.

8] Cisco Talos has released PyLocky ransomware decryptor tool. This decryptor is intended to decrypt the files for those victims affected by the ransomware PyLocky.

9] TeslaCrack is available on GitHub. It will help you decrypt files that were encrypted with the latest version of the TeslaCrypt ransomware.

11] Trend Micro Ransomware Screen Unlocker Tool will give you access to a ransomware blocked computer.

12] Trend Micro Ransomware File Decryptor tool will attempt to decrypt files encrypted by certain Ransomware families like CryptXXX, Crysis, DemoTool, DXXD, TeslaCrypt, SNSLocker, AutoLocky, BadBlock, 777, XORIST, Teamxrat/Xpan, XORBAT, CERBER, Stampado, Nemucod, Chimera, LECHIFFRE, MirCop, Jigsaw, Globe/Purge, V2:, V3:, etc.

13] HitmanPro.Kickstart is a free Ransomware Removal Tool that will help you rescue a ransomed PC. It lets you start your computer from a USB flash drive to remove malware that has ransomed or locked your computer and does not allow you to access it.

14] Shade Ransomware Decryption Tool will help decrypt files with the following extensions: .xtbl, .ytbl, .breaking_bad, .heisenberg. Go get it from McAfee Intel.

15] McAfee Ransomware Recover is a tool and a platform that not only unlock user files, applications, databases, and other encrypted files but is also available for the security community.

16] AVG has also released ransomware decrypt tools for the following ransomware:

Go get them all here.

17] Check Point has released a Cerber Ransomware Decryption Tool. It is an online tool where you have to upload a file. UPDATE: This Cerber Ransomware Decryption Tool has been rendered ineffective. Merry X-Mas Decryptor from CheckPoint can decrypt files encrypted by the Merry X-Mas ransomware. BarRax decryptor tool is designed to decrypt files encrypted by BarRax. Available at CheckPoint.

20] The CoinVault decryption tool decrypts files encrypted by Coinvault and Bitcryptor. ChimeraDecryptor tool is designed to decrypt files encrypted by Chimera. Get them all from NoMoreransome.org.

21] Vindows Ransomware Decryption Tool will help decrypt files locked by Vindows Locker. Download it here.

22] Download Decryptor from BleepingComputer to decrypt 8lock8 ransomware encrypted files.

23] Decryptor for Crypren ransomware encrypted files is available here.

24] Decryptor for Crypt38 ransomware encrypted files is available here.

25] Decryptor for CryptInfinite or DecryptorMax is available here.

26] For CryptoHost, you can use this password generator created by Michael Gillespie. The file is hosted on Dropbox.

27] Decryptor for my-Little-Ransomware is available on Github.

28] CERT-PL has released one for CryptoMix Decryptor

29] Popcorn Decryptor Tool is available here.

30] Avast has released decryption tools for the following ransomware:

AES_NI, Alcatraz Locker, Apocalypse, AtomSilo & LockFile, Babuk, BadBlock, Bart, BigBobRoss, BTCWare, Crypt888, CryptoMix, CrySiS, EncrypTile, FindZip, Fonix, GandCrab, Globe, HiddenTear, Jigsaw, LambdaLocker, Legion, NoobCrypt, Stampado, SZFLocker, TeslaCrypt, Troldesh, Shade, XData.

Get them all here.

31] ESET Crysis Decryptor is a free decryption tool for Crysis ransomware victims. Download it from Eset. It will also remove Dharma ransomware. They have also released a Decryptor for CryCryptor ransomware which is available on Github.

32] Kaspersky WindowsUnlocker can be useful if the Ransomware totally blocks access to your computer or even restrict access to select important functions, as it can clean up a ransomware-infected Registry.

33] RannohDecryptor from Kaspersky will help decrypt files encrypted by the Rannoh, AutoIt, Fury, Crybola, Cryakl, CryptXXX, CryptXXX v.2, CryptXXX v.3, MarsJoke, Polyglot, Dharma ransomware. Download it from here.

34] Kaspersky has also released several other decryptor tools like Rector Decryptor, Rakhni Decryptor, Wildfire Decryptor, Scraper Decryptor, Shade Decryptor, Scatter Decryptor, Xoris Decryptor, etc – go get them here. They will decrypt files encrypted by Rakhni, chúng tôi Aura, Autoit, Pletor, Rotor, Lamer, Lortok, Cryptokluchen, Democry, Bitman, TeslaCrypt, and other ransomware.

35] Kaspersky Ransomware Decryptor will automatically decrypt all files for CoinVault and Bitcryptor victims. Get it here. It also helps in the case of Cryakl ransomware.

36] Visit the Kaspersky NoRansom web page to find out if they have released a decryption tool for your ransomware. Currently, the page shows the availability of WildfireDecryptor tool, ShadeDecryptor tool, RakhniDecryptor, RannohDecryptor tool and CoinVaultDecryptor tool. Also included are manual how-tos and other useful resources about ransomware. Intel McAfee has also made a Wildfire Decryptor.

RakhniDecryptor will help decrypt files encrypted by Dharma, Crysis, Chimera, Rakhni, chúng tôi Aura, Autoit, Pletor, Rotor, Lamer, Lortok, Cryptokluchen, Democry, Bitman (TeslaCrypt) version 3 and 4 ransomware.

37] Malwarebytes has released a Telecrypt Ransomware Decrypter Tool to decrypt files infected with the Telecrypt Ransomware. Download it here.

38] Michael Gillespie, a ransomware researcher has released these ransomware decryptor tools:

Aurora Ransomware Decrypter, FilesLocker Ransomware Decrypter, InsaneCrypt Decryptor for desuCrypt Ransomware, GIBON Ransomware Decryptor, Striked Ransomware Decrypter, DCry Ransomware Decrypter, BitKangaroo Decrypter, BTCWare Ransomware Decrypter, Crypt38 Ransomware Decrypter, BitStak Ransomware Decrypter, Alpha Ransomware Decryptor, Unlock92 Ransomware Decrypter, Hidden Tear Ransomware Decrypter, Hidden Tear Brute Forcer Ransomware decryptor, PowerWare Locky Ransomware Decrypter, GhostCrypt Ransomware Decrypter, MicroCopy Ransomware Decryptor, Jigsaw Ransomware Decrypter, STOP Decrypter.

Plus he has also released the following useful tools:

StupidDecryptor decrypts files encrypted by various screen-lockers that are fairly easy to decrypt

RansomNoteCleaner can be used to scan a ransomware victim’s computer for leftover ransom notes and delete them

CryptoSearch cleans up your computer of encrypted files and ransom notes from a ransomware infection.

39] Master Key for TeslaCrypt ransomware has been released. Tesladecrypt from Intel will decrypt TeslaCrypt encrypted files with the following extensions: .mp3, .micro, .xxx, and .ttt.

40] BTCWareDecrypter will decrypt files encrypted by BTCWare Ransomware. Get it here.

41] 360 Ransomware Decryption Tool can decrypt files locked by over 80 ransomware including GandCrab, Petya, Gryphon, GoldenEye and WannaCry ransomware.

42] Under favorable conditions, WannaKey and WanaKiwi, two WannaCrypt decryption tools can help decrypt WannaCrypt or WannaCry Ransomware encrypted files by retrieving the encryption key used by the ransomware.

43] Crysis Decrypting Tools have been developed by Eset as well as Avast.

44] The ransomware decryptor tool from QuickHeal will decrypt files locked by the following ransomware –

Download it here.

45] Ransomware Removal & Response Kit is not a tool, but a compilation of guides and various resources relating to dealing with ransomware, that can prove to be of help. It is a 500 MB download. Read more about it here.

46] Generally speaking, Anvi Rescue Disk can come to your rescue as it can help you uninstall & remove Ransomware.

How long does it take to decrypt ransomware?

This depends on the availability of the Ransomware Decryption Tool. It could range from a few days to a few weeks. If you decide to pay then the private key that they give you is almost always known to work and help decrypt the files right away.

This post talks a little more about Ransomware Attacks & other FAQ.

You're reading List Of Free Ransomware Decryption Tools To Unlock Files

7 Of The Best Ransomware Decryption Tools For Windows

Ransomware remains one of the world’s most dangerous threats to computer systems. A ransomware attack encrypts all your data, preventing you from accessing it unless you pay a ransom to its creators. These attacks are often devastating to small businesses and individuals who cannot afford to pay the ransom. Thanks to research from many security firms worldwide, you can now decrypt your data without paying hackers. Let’s take a look at some decryption tools that will allow you to unlock and restore your data.

A Few Things to Note

Before we dive into the tools, keep the following in mind:

Ransomware isn’t like other types of malware. There’s no one-size-fits-all solution. For you to decrypt any ransomware, you must identify it correctly, which is usually quite simple to do. Ransomware will identify itself either by its extension file or warning screen.

Each ransomware has its own unique decryption tool. Some tools may decrypt ransomware of the same family, but no single tool can decrypt all ransomware.

Each decryption tool is unique. Different companies employ varying methods with their tools. Make sure to read all instructions for each tool carefully before using it on your PC. If you get these instructions wrong, you may make your problem worse.

Even after decrypting ransomware, you’re still susceptible to reinfection. To prevent that risk from reoccurring, first scan your system with robust and up-to-date antivirus software. Ensure you get rid of all threats and potentially unwanted software (PUPs) before decrypting your files.

1. No Ransom by Kaspersky

No Ransom is a Kaspersky project that offers free and up-to-date decryption and ransomware removal tools. It contains six different tools, and each can be downloaded for free from the website.

These six tools are:

Shade Decryptor: decrypts all versions of Shade.

Rakhni Decryptor: decrypts files affected by CryptoKluchen, Democry, TeslaCrypt versions 3 and 4, Dharma, Jaff, Crysis versions 2 and 3, Rakhni, Aurora.

Rannoh Decryptor: this tool decrypts Rannoh, Fury, AutoIt, Cryakl, Crybola, CryptXXX.

CoinVault Decryptor: this tool resulted from a collaboration between The National High Tech Crime Unit of the Netherlands’ police. It decrypts Coinvault and BitCryptor.

Wildfire Decryptor: this tool decrypts all files locked by the Wildfire ransomware.

Xorist Decryptor: this tool decrypts files locked by the Xorist and Vandev ransomware.

Avast also offers a collection of decryption tools for about 27 different ransomware.

Downloadable from the website are fixes for common ransomware, such as:

Apocalypse

Alcatraz Locker

Bart

CrySiS

Jigsaw

Legion

TeslaCrypt

Like the Kaspersky and Avast projects, the No More Ransom project helps victims of ransomware attacks retrieve their encrypted data without paying ransoms. This project began as a collaboration between Kaspersky, McAfee, Europol’s European Cybercrime Center, and the National High Tech Crime Unit of the Netherlands’ Police.

You’ll find free tools to decrypt over 50 different ransomware on the website. This includes:

Ragnarok.

NoobCrypt

Megalocker

Fonix

Darkside

You’ll also find information on how to prevent future ransomware attacks on your data.

Emsisoft can help you identify 1049 different ransomware strains. Beyond that, they also offer free ransomware decryption tools that will unlock your files without ransom.

Emsisoft lets you upload an infected file or ransom note to its website to help identify the ransomware. After that, their team will help you decrypt your files.

You can use Emsisoft Decryptors on many ransomware, including:

Ragnarok

Avaddon

Ziggy

Cyborg

Crypt32

KokoKrypt

Bitdefender also offers decryption tools for many ransomware types. You can get decryptors for:

Fonix

Darkside

WannaRen

GoGoogle

Shade

Paradise

Besides that, Bitdefender also offers anti-ransomware that blocks attacks and intercepts any attempt to encrypt your data.

6. McAfee Ransomware Recover

This recovery software is a free tool by McAfee that can decrypt ransomware. The company keeps it up to date with decryption logic and keys that you can use to unlock files, documents, databases, and applications that ransomware has encrypted on your device.

McAfee also keeps the decryption framework free for the security community. Doing so saves developers the time it would take to build their own decryption frameworks.

AVG is another excellent place to get decryption tools if your PC gets hit by ransomware. Its tools can decrypt some common ransomware such as:

Legion

TeslaCrypt

Bart

BadBlock

Apocalypse

SZFLocker

Crypt888

Like all of the other tools, AVG decryptor tools are free to download.

Tips to Prevent Ransomware Attacks

Ransomware attacks can be costly, especially to your personal and business data. Here’s the good news: you can now fix most of these attacks using freely available tools. However, that’s not enough to keep you safe. Preventing future attacks is just as essential as finding solutions for them.

These tips will help you reduce the risk of ransomware attacks and data loss.

1. Back Up Your Data in the Cloud

One of the best practices is to back up essential data in the cloud. Although you can opt for an external storage device, the risk of data loss is much lower with cloud storage.

Also, external storage devices are susceptible to ransomware attacks if you connect them to an infected computer.

Ransomware and other malware often spread through spam messages and unsafe websites. Stay away from unfamiliar websites or links. Also, block pop-ups from unknown sources and websites.

3. Avoid Opening Suspicious Email Attachments

Email attachments are a common way hackers attack computer systems. To prevent the risk of malware, ensure you open emails from trusted senders only.

You can also install email scanning software to filter out potential threats and scan any downloaded attachments with an up-to-date antivirus to delete any attached ransomware.

4. Scan Your PC and Peripheral Devices Frequently

Another of the best practices is to scan and clean any USB sticks with an antivirus before opening them. Doing this quarantines and deletes any malware that may infect your PC. Also, avoid using your USB devices on public computers or devices you don’t trust.

Always keep your computer up to date. Operating system updates often come with security patches that seal potential vulnerabilities malicious actors can exploit. Besides, keeping your antivirus software up to date protects your PC from emerging threats, including newer ransomware attacks.

6. Use VPNs On Public Wi-Fi Networks

If you’re on campus or at the airport and need to use Wi-Fi, ensure you have a VPN installed on your PC. Using a VPN on public networks secures your PC from attempted hacks and prevents data and identity theft by malicious actors.

7. Download from Trusted Sources

Whether you’re downloading documents, movies, or videos, get them from trusted sources only. Untrusted sources can infect your computer with ransomware and other malware types.

Ensure the website you’re visiting uses both Secure HTTP (or HTTPS) and has an SSL certificate. If you see a locked padlock next to the link in the address bar, the website is secure.

Frequently Asked Questions 1. Why do attackers use ransomware?

Unlike many other types of malware, ransomware attacks have a financial incentive for hackers. Once they deny you access to your files, hackers demand a ransom payment to restore your access.

2. How is ransomware installed? 3. Can ransomware spread through Wi-Fi?

Yes, ransomware can spread across computers through a Wi-Fi network. Like a computer worm, ransomware can also spread across different Wi-Fi networks within the same area.

Ian Derrick

Ian is a technology writer with over 11 years of experience with Windows. He also has experience working in Data Analysis, Android, and Computer Hardware. He writes for MakeTechEasier on a wide range of tech topics, including Windows, Android, VPNs, Hardware, and Software tools and Reviews, and How-tos.

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Complete Guide To The List Of Avro Tools

Introduction to Avro Tools

The Avro tool is defined as the ‘tool’ interface, and ‘avro-tools’ is the command-line interface used to execute that interface for assigning alongside the main. The user has utilized the command-line tools to read and write the Avro files. The tools are available in the ‘org.apache.avro.tool’ package, and various tools are available. As we know, Avro is a favored tool that can arrange data in Hadoop, which has a diagrammatic representation. Moreover, it does not depend on language, so Avro can read and write the operations.

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List of Avro Tools

1. compile

This tool has been creating the Java code for the given schema.

Code:

'Java -jar/path/to/avro-tools-1.11.0.jar compile schema'

2. concat

The Concat tool has worked for chaining the files, and there is no need for re-compressing so that it can concatenate the Avro files with the same and non-reserved schema.

Code:

'$ hadoop jar chúng tôi concat'

3. cat

The cat command has extracted the sample from the Avro data file.

'$ cat part.m.00000.avro' '$ cat departments.json', if we have specific department data

4. fragtojson

This tool has transformed the input file from Avro binary to JSON format.

Code:

'$ java -jar chúng tôi tojson'

Example:

5. fromjson

This tool can interpret JSON records and write the Avro data files; for this conversion, we have a command that can be used without compression.

Code:

$ java -jar chúng tôi fromjson

Output:

6. fromtext

This tool can help bring in a text file and convert it into an Avro data file.

7. getmeta

This tool can provide the metadata of an Avro data file and can also be used to scale the schema; it is not given the data in a structured format.

Code:

'$ hadoop jar chúng tôi getmeta'

Output:

8. getschema

This tool can provide the schema of the Avro data file and can be used to scale the schema; it gives data in a structured format.

Code:

$ hadoop jar chúng tôi getschema

Output:

9. idl

This tool can create a JSON schema from the avro idl file.

Code:

'$ chúng tôi idl'

10. induce

This tool has persuaded the schema from the Java class through reflection.

11. jsontofrag

This tool can supply a JSON-encoded avro datum as binary.

12. recodec

13. rpcprotocol

It provides the protocol of an RPC service.

14. rpcreceive

It helps to open the RPC server and pay attention to one message.

15. rpcsend

It can allow sending a single RPC message.

16. tether

It allows us to send a tethered MapReduce job; when we use its class, it allows us to create its constructor.

17. tojson

It can discard the Avro data file as JSON and track per line, which converts avro data into JSON format.

Code:

'$ avro-tools tojson part.m.00000.avro'

Output:

18. totext

It can allow transforming the Avro data file into a text file.

Code:

'$ avro-tools totext part.m.00000.avro'

We must use the document’s extension as it does not work well.

19. trevni_meta

It can discard the metadata of the trevni file as JSON.

20. trevni_random

It can create the trevni, which can have random schema instances.

21. trevni_tojson

22. DataFileRead

This tool has been used to read the data file and throw it to JSON; we can use a constructor in a class of it as with methods get and run.

23. DataFileReader

This tool has been allowed to retrieve data from untrustworthy Avro data files. We can able to create the constructor of it.

24. DataFileWrite

It has allowed the new line to establish the records and write the Avro data files and allows the use of the constructor.

25. IdlToSchemata

It provides data from the JSON of the protocol type via the IDL format; this tool can be extended, allowing to use of the constructor.

26. main

This tool will be a command-line driver, and in the Main class, we can use its constructor by importing chúng tôi package.

27. RecordCount

The RecordCountTool has been used for counting the records in any Avro file of folders; in a class of RecordCountTool, we allow creating the constructor of it.

28. SchemaFingerprint

It has been used to create the fingerprints from the schema; if we have created the class of it, then we have to extend this tool, and then we can create a constructor of it.

29. SchemaNormalization

This tool can work for transforming the Avro schema into its canonical format; we can generate its constructor, also.

30. SpecificCompiler

This tool has been used to compile the Avro protocol into the Java classes with the help of a particular compiler of the Avro; we can also use the constructor.

31. CreateRandomFile

This tool can allow generating a file that can be filled with the randomly created instances available in the schema; we can use its constructor.

Conclusion

In this article, we conclude that the Avro tools allow us to read and write, which can be arranged in serialized format, and the Avro tool provides the interface to read and write the file Avro provides, so this article will help to understand the concept of Avro tool.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Avro Tools. Here we discuss the introduction and the list of Avro tools for a better understanding. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

Top Free Email Service Providers List

Despite present-day Social Networking Buzz, Email has its top place in communication. Whether it is for a business proposal or a job application, everything is done through email. I accept that there are other services like LinkedIn for professionals to communicate, but nothing replaces sending and receiving emails. Let us check out some of the most popular, commonly used email addresses and free service providers.

How do I create a free email account? Top Free Email Service Providers List

In this article, I will list the most commonly used email services for personal and professional use. Are you looking for an email service that will give you free storage, a productive web interface, free from spam, and moreover which can be accessed from any device? Then, here is the list of such email services you are looking for.

Yahoo Mail

iCloud

GMX Mail

Zoho Mail

Yandex Mail

Microsoft Office 365

Google Apps for Business

ProtonMail

AOL Mail

Tutanota.

Let us take a look at each of them in brief.

Most commonly used Email Addresses

Google started reaching the public with its free email service Gmail. It is being updated with lab features. It also provides you with free space and can integrate with other Google applications. As Google is one of the best search engines, Gmail lets users search emails quickly and easily. It supports IMAP and POP 3 along with video chat. It also allows users to save attachments received in the mail, to its free cloud storage Google Drive.

3. Yahoo Mail

5. iCloud

7. GMX Mail 8. Zoho Mail

Zoho Mail supports both IMAP and POP access. It is integrated with instant messaging, and it also offers online office suites. It supports both labels and searches for emails. Like Gmail, you could not use the canned response. It can be integrated with Google Docs and Zoho apps. It archives old emails automatically.

9. Yandex Mail

Yandex Mail has a lot to offer regarding email storage, convenient UI, and efficient spam protection by Yandex proprietary technologies.

10. Microsoft Office 365

Office 365 Mail service from Microsoft allows you to use all Microsoft products like Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and more as a package. It also provides a subscription license for Lync, SharePoint, and other services. Free storage and access to other services are based on the subscription you choose as the annual contract. It is not free, but I have included it here.

11. Google Apps for Business 12. ProtonMail

ProtonMail offers great security features like End-to-End encryption and Anonymous accounts.

13. AOL Mail

AOL Mail is another good service to create a free email account. You can block senders and filter emails using AOL mail. Each AOL account comes with a calendar with a to-do list that is accessible from the inbox. It also has chat features which are accessible with an AOL Gold subscription. You can get unlimited storage with each AOL account. AOL has a highly customizable interface with an in-built spellchecker.

14. Tutanota

Tutanota is another privacy-friendly free email service that encrypts emails automatically. You can create a free account for basic usage and enjoy 1GB of storage space that can help you with normal emails. You need to create a strong email password while creating an account on Tutanota as it doesn’t let you pass it if you give simple passwords. Only a secure password can let you create an email account on Tutanota.

TIP: Is your Email private? Take these Email Leak Tests.

What is an example of a free email service you can use?

Outlook is one of the finest examples of a free email service we can use to create an email account. If you are looking for more storage space you can opt for Gmail or Yahoo Mail which gives 15GB and 1TB of storage space respectively. If you are looking for privacy friendly email service, you can opt for Proton Mail, Tutanota, etc.

Related read: How to identify malicious email that has a virus.

Which are the free Temporary Disposable Email ID providers?

Mailnator, YOPMail, Guerrilla Mail, 10-minute mail, MailDrop are among the best free Temporary Disposable Email ID providers. The disposable email IDs have a short life period and expire thereafter, but they serve the purpose they are designed for well.

How To Use Lsof Command In Linux To List Open Files

The good thing about Linux is that you can easily view and manage everything, from the boot process to the installation of software packages. Here we discuss how you can use the lsof command in Linux to view open files and the processes using them. Knowing how to view this can help you understand how the system works and even take the necessary actions for specific processes.

Lsof Command

To view open files and the users or processes responsible for them, we use the lsof utility. By default, lsof is pre-installed in most distributions.

However, if you do not have it installed, you can use the package manager to install it on your system.

Debian/Ubuntu

On Debian, run the command:

sudo

apt-get install

lsof Arch/Manjaro

On Manjaro and other Arch-based distributions, use pacman by running the command:

sudo

pacman

-S

lsof CentOS/REHL/Fedora

For CentOS and the REHL family, you can use dnf:

sudo

dnf

install

lsof Use lsof Command to List Open Files for a Linux Process

Like most Linux commands, the lsof utility is incredibly simple to use. Start by typing the command lsof:

sudo

lsof

Once you run the command above, lsof should return information about the open files in the system.

COMMAND PID TID TASKCMD USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE

/

OFF NODE NAME init

1

root cwd DIR

8

,

48

4096

2

/

init

1

root rtd DIR

8

,

48

4096

2

/

init

1

root txt REG

0

,

19

632048

281474976743906

/

init init

1

root 0u CHR

1

,

3

0t0

15362

/

dev

/

null init

1

root 1u CHR

1

,

3

0t0

15362

/

dev

/

null init

1

root 2u CHR

1

,

3

0t0

15362

/

dev

/

null init

1

root 3w CHR

1

,

11

0t0

15367

/

dev

/

kmsg init

1

root 4u sock

0

,

8

0t0

22689

protocol: AF_VSOCK init

1

root 5r REG

0

,

4

0

4026532185

mnt init

1

root 6r REG

0

,

4

0

4026532201

mnt init

1

root 7r DIR

8

,

48

4096

240

/

home

/

cap init

1

root 8u DIR

8

,

48

4096

2

/

init

1

root 9u sock

0

,

8

0t0

21853

protocol: AF_VSOCK

Note: if you have sudo privileges, run the command with sudo to avoid “permission denied” errors on specific files.

As shown in the output above, the lsof output has the following columns:

ColumnRepresentationCommandShows the name of the process using the target file.PIDThe unique identifier for the process using the file.TIDThe column shows the thread identifier.TASKCMDThe name of the task command.USERUsername or UID of the user running the process.FDFile descriptor of the file and modes.TYPENode associated with the target file.DEVICEDevice number separated by chúng tôi size in bytes of file offset sizeNODEInode value of the local file. You can use the stat command to show inode information for the file.NAMEMount point of the file.

Now that you understand what the contents of the lsof command printout represent, let us use the command to filter for specific information.

How to Filter for Specific Process

To filter for only specific files opened by the specific process, we can use either the process name or the PID value.

For example, to show files used by the firefox process, we can use the command:

sudo

lsof

-c

firefox

The command will show all the files opened by the firefox process.

To filter by process ID, we can use the -p option and pass the process ID. You can use the top command to get the process ID of the target process.

For example, to get the PID of the firefox process, we can use the command:

sudo

lsof

-p

2121

The above command will print the files opened by the process with the PID specified.

How to Filter for a Specific User

To view only the files opened by a specific user, we can use the -u flag. For example, to filter for the Debian user, use the command:

sudo

lsof

-u

debian How to Filter for a Specific File

Suppose you only want to know the process and the user who opened a specific file. To do this, pass the name of the file to lsof:

sudo

lsof

/

bin

/

sleep

The above will only filter for the specific file and return the related information, including the user, process ID, and more.

Wrapping Up

In this simple tutorial, we discussed how to query the system for information about open files using the lsof command in Linux. Here are some additional commands for you to list the content of a directory in the terminal.

John Wachira

John is a technical writer at MTE, when is not busy writing tech tutorials, he is staring at the screen trying to debug code.

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9 Best Free Windows Repair Tools

Windows PC repair and PC optimizer tools are software applications that help you improve the performance of your operating system by correcting performance issues. PC repair tools offer customized system cleaning to improve the speed of your computer system. It also allows you to protect your system from malware and keeps your sensitive data safe.

Following is a handpicked list of Top Windows PC Repair Tools with popular features and website links. The list contains both open-source (free) and commercial (paid) software.

Top Pick

Outbyte PC Repair

Outbyte PC Repair is a window repair pc optimizer tool that allows you to see a quick performance overview of your computer. It helps you to identify and resolve performance issues that might be affecting your PC.

Visit Outbyte

Top PC Repair Tools & Software: Speed up Windows Performance

Outbyte PC Repair is a window repair pc optimizer tool that allows you to see a quick performance overview of your computer. It helps you to identify and resolve performance issues that might be affecting your PC.

#1 Top Pick

Outbyte PC Repair

5.0

Driver Updater: Yes

Registry Cleaner: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows 11, 10, 8 and 7

Free Trial: Free by-category trial for at least 2 days

Visit Outbyte PC Repair

Features:

Identify and remove unused temporary or cached files

It helps you to prioritize specific apps for CPU processor time

Enables you to control the privacy of your data by disabling Windows telemetry features.

Helps you to solve hundreds of the most common PC issues

This PC Cleaner removes junk files, temporary files

It provides customer support via Contact Form

This tool protects from malwares and spyware

Offers System Elements, Performance, Disk Space, Privacy Protection, Vulnerabilities, Real-Time Boost, Real-Time Privacy and Smart File Removal

This tool finds, fixes & repairs corrupted files on your computer

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Price: Plans start at $29.95 for a single PC license

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

The best way to clean up your disks It is not possible to replace antivirus software completely

Cleaning up junk and removing unneeded applications is possible with this tool. It is very expensive to purchase a one-time license

Laptop batteries can be extended by using this tool.

The performance of the PC can be improved.

The security and privacy features are good.

2-Days Free Trial

Fortect is a software that helps you to clean your registry with no hassle. This application quickly secures your PC and stops the computer from freezing and crashing. It safely repairs your computer to an optimized state.

Features:

Fortect can fix error messages.

It allows you to repair damages made by the virus.

It is one of the best tools for PC repair that provides convenient PC repair solutions at any time.

This application can repair and rebuild Windows OS

It can restore and replace DLL files.

It helps you to search threatening apps before they damage your PC.

This tool protects from malware & repair

It provides customer support via Phone, Chat and Email

Offers Protects from malwares, Restores Peak Performance and Real-time detection

This tool finds, fixes & repairs Windows Errors, Blue Screen of Death, Damaged DLLs, Freezing Computer, Virus Damage and Operating System Recovery

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Price: Plans start at $33.95 per Year

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

Detects and eliminates malware from your computer. It is only available for Windows operating systems.

Diagnoses are automatically performed. Customization is limited

User interface is straightforward and easy to use. Cannot repair third-party apps

A real-time update is provided. it interrupts other software

The software identifies problems related to hardware.

A 24/7 support system is available to you.

Download for Free

System Mechanic is a comprehensive software suite of security, privacy, and performance features, all in one interface. It provides various functionalities to securely manage your system.

#3

System Mechanic

4.8

Driver Updater: Yes

Registry Cleaner: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows 11, 10, 8 and 7

Free Trial: Lifetime Free Basic Plan

Visit System Mechanic

Features:

Allows you to disable many overlies-aggressive Windows data-collection default settings.

This is one of the best PC repair tools that optimize PC performance and protects your online privacy.

It offers optimization features for Windows 10 to provide efficiency and reduce internet bandwidth needs.

This is one of the best cleaner software for PCs that helps you to improve PC boot time, internet download speed, and the performance of CPU, RAM, GPU and storage.

This PC Cleaner removes over 50 types of junk files

It provides customer support via Contact Form, Email, Chat and Phone

This tool protects from bloatware, malware, spyware and adware threats

Offers Automate, Speed Up, Protect

This tool finds, fixes & repairs over 30,000 different issues

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Price: Plans start at $34.97 per Year

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

The product comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee It is only available for Windows computers

Convenient and easy to use interface with a lot of features It is a bit expensive

Effortlessly resolves system issues with ease A trial version of the software has limited features

The system scans are pretty fast The process of repairing the system could be a bit complicated.

Customer support is excellent.

A great tune-up and repair service for your PC.

Lifetime Free Basic Plan

TotalAV Antivirus is a free malware removal that offers complete security for all your household devices in one simple to use Desktop and Smartphone application. It offers real-time Anti-malware, Anti-ransomware, Anti-Spyware, Anti-Adware protection.

#4

TotalAV

4.7

Driver Updater: No

Registry Cleaner: No

Supported Platform: Windows, Mac OS, iOS, Android

Free Trial: 30 Days Free Trial

Visit TotalAV

Features:

Remote Firewall allows remote access to your devices

Offers a highly secured Password Vault

Eliminate viruses, trojans & malware

Ad Block Pro feature enables safe browsing with a VPN

It allows you to PC Health Check, Safer Browsing, Disk Defrag and Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning

This PC Cleaner removes junk files, duplicate files, old junk files, old files, redundant files and storage-clogging files

This tool protects from ransomware, malware, spyware and adware threats

It provides customer support via Live chat and Contact Form

Offers Real-Time Protection, Schedule Smart Scans, Block Tracking Cookies, Data Breach Monitoring, 100% Compatible, Advanced Cloud Scanning and Multi-Device Compatibility

This tool finds, fixes & repairs Storage Error

Driver Updater: No

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Registry Cleaner: No

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows, Mac OS, iOS, Android

Price: Plans start at $29 per Year

Free Trial: 30 Days Free Trial

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

Excellent protection against all types of internet threats. Phishing protection score is poor.

The desktop app is great. A free version with basic features is available.

An intuitive user interface.

Customer service is available 24/7

30 Days Free Trial

PC Cleaner is one of the best PC repair tools that clears your online tracks, frees up space, and helps you manage your machine so it runs faster. It is very simple to clean and maintain your PC using PC Cleaner.

It provides standard privacy protection.

This software product optimizes your computer for speed and performance.

This tool provides faster startup and better performance.

This one of the best free PC repair tools provides customized system cleaning.

It is one of the best tools for PC repair that boosts security and stays compliant.

This PC Cleaner removes temporary files, tracking cookies, temporarily freezes apps and browser junk

It provides customer support via Contact Form, Community Forum, and Chat

This tool protects from bloatware, malware, spyware and adware threats

Offers faster computer, fewer errors & crashes, quicker startup and award-winning PC optimization

This tool finds, fixes & repairs errors and registry errors

Driver Updater: Yes

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Registry Cleaner: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows

Price: Free Download

Free Trial: Free Forever

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

The installation process of the software is very quick and easy. Occasionally interferes with other software programs

The interface is simple and easy to use. An easy way to uninstall software

The program is an all-in-one tool for cleaning your computer. This tool is an aggressive way of cleaning up your registry

A real-time monitoring system for problems. Limitations of the license.

A schedule of scans and cleanups is set up. There are some features that need to be downloaded separately.

Various privacy-protecting features are available.

It is affordable.

It has multiple options for installation

Free Forever

Advanced SystemCare is simple and easy-to-use software. It helps you to clean, speed up, optimize, and protect your system. It also allows you to protect your online privacy. This tool also helps you to free up your disk space by cleaning junk files.

Features:

It manages startup items to boost computer startup.

IObit Advanced SystemCare increase system security and refresh your web browsing.

Drive Error Resolver & Repair windows

Fix windows issues

This PC Cleaner removes junk files, invalid registry entries, unwanted & stubborn programs, adbased toolbars & plugins

It provides customer support via Contact Form

This tool protects from malware, spyware and adware threats

Offers Capture Intruder Automatically, Remove Ads & Block Malicious Websites, Protect Your Online Privacy Proactively, Monitor System Resource in Real-time, Fix All Kinds of PC Problems and Deep Clean & Optimize Your PC

This tool finds, fixes & repairs registry problems, disk errors, Windows security issues, outdated drivers and system problems

Driver Updater: Yes

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Registry Cleaner: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows

Price: Plans start at $14.99 per Year

Free Trial: 30 Days Free Trial

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

The interface is easy to use and modern. Prompts downloading separate tools

Enhances the performance and speed of your PC It does not scan external files.

It combines cleaning, protection, and optimization for your computer Support response time is slow.

There is a 60 day money back guarantee available. The trial version has a limited set of options.

It seems that some of the features are overhyped

The Performance Monitor widget is very useful.

There is an automatic update feature (including drivers and system updates).

30 Days Free Trial

Ashampoo® WinOptimizer is an easy to use system optimization and cleaning tool. This application enables you to combine disk space with Defrag. It can analyze your hard disk and other installed hardware.

Features:

It offers a dashboard for instant accessing features.

The program supports the Microsoft Edge Chromium browser.

It uses an instant junk file cleaning algorithm.

Ashampoo provides detailed analysis logs.

It has enhanced browser extension manager.

This PC Cleaner removes removes application-related temporary files

It provides customer support via Contact Form, and Chat

This tool protects from malware

Offers in-depth cleaning of system critical areas, Find and delete old Windows versions, Reduced and clearer cleaner user interfaces, Massively accelerated and more efficient cleaners, Convenient cookie manager for “safe” cookies, Updated start page with CPU speedometer and up-to-date hardware details, Window scaling and docking based on Windows Aero Snap and New designs for UnInstall Manager and Process Manager

This tool finds, fixes & repairs drive errors and disk errors

Driver Updater: Yes

PC Health Check: No

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Registry Cleaner: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows

Price: Plans start at $29.99 one-time payment for 3 PCs

Free Trial: Lifetime Free Basic Plan

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

Enhances the performance of a PC. There is no option for a single license.

It has a user-friendly interface. This is a trial version with limited functionality.

Automatically scans and boosts your computer. It takes time to open

The ability to disable and manage each task individually.

Lifetime Free Basic Plan

O&O CleverCache makes sure that the file cache is reset while the computer is running. It allows you to maintain maximum levels of performance on your computer.

Features:

Reduces file cache of minimized programs.

This PC repair and optimization tool offers enhanced profile management.

This PC optimization software helps you to control the interval of the file cache.

Maximum usage of your PC resources.

This PC Cleaner removes temporary files, cookies, confidential files and saved website data

It allows you to PC Health Check, Safer Browsing, Disk Defrag and Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning

This tool finds, fixes & repairs Windows errors

Offers Reduce file cache of minimized programs, Enhanced Profile Management

This PC repair tool for Windows 10 protects from ransomware, malware and spyware

It provides customer support via Email and Phone

Driver Updater: Yes

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Registry Cleaner: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows

Price: Plans start at $29.95 for 1 PC

Free Trial: 30 Days Free Trial

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

Loading times will be faster. It stops loading updated content.

Make your device more energy efficient. Risks associated with security.

Provide maximum usage of your PC resources

Profile management enhanced

30 Days Free Trial

#9) Avanquest

Avanquest is a PC repairing software that helps you to fix PC problems and speed up Windows. It allows you to stop crashes and freezes of your PC.

Features:

Total virus and spyware protection.

Fixes performance problems and speed up your Windows OS.

Repairs System and hard drive errors.

This PC repair and optimizer tool offers complete PC maintenance.

It allows you to PC Health Check, Safer Browsing, Disk Defrag and Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning

This Windows 10 repair tool finds, fixes & repairs corrupt or damaged MOV, memory card error and file transfer error

Offers Manage Startup, Windows Repair, Clean Privacy Files, Registry Scan, Delete Duplicates and Privacy Protection

This tool protects from malware, spyware and adware threats

This PC Cleaner removes junk files, free up disk space, photos, documents, songs and videos

It provides customer support via Email and Phone

Driver Updater: Yes

PC Health Check: Yes

Safer Browsing: Yes

Disk Defrag: Yes

Registry Cleaner: Yes

Scheduled Automatic Disk Cleaning: Yes

Supported Platform: Windows 10, 8.1, 8, 7, Vista or XP

Price: Plans start at $36 per Year

Free Trial: 30 Days Free Trial

👍 Pros 👎 Cons

An impressive set of features. Issues with refunds.

The customer service is excellent. App support is not available.

Suitable for smaller businesses.

Schedule automatic cleanings easily

FAQ:

PC repair tool are software applications that help you improve the performance of your operating system by correcting performance issues.

Here are some of the Best Windows Repair Tools:

👍 Outbyte PC Repair

Fortect

System Mechanic

TotalAV

PC Cleaner

Advanced SystemCare

Ashampoo® WinOptimizer

Here are some tasks performed by PC Repair Tools:

Speed up Windows, Saving You Time: PC repair tools can free up resources and other things that creates issues in your PC.

Targets Specific Errors in Windows: Error messages in Windows and other programs are caused by some form of misconfiguration, missing files, or similar problems. PC repair tools can resolve plenty of errors of your computer system.

Helps reduce Clutter: Operating a computer can sometimes be problematic. PC Repair Tools simplifies things with its repair and helps you to optimizing processes and reduces the clutter that causes your computer to stop or not multi-tasking properly.

Registry cleaning: It cleans up your Windows registry. It helps you remove redundant registry entries, increasing your PC’s speed so that it runs faster and smoother.Other important tasks performed by PC repair tools:

Fixes common Windows issues.

It helps you to reduce system crashes.

Removes over 50 various junk files and frees up disk space.

Yes, assuming you have used some of the most reputable and widely used tools (listed above). In that case, they are impervious to harmful bugs, viruses, and malware. Therefore, you should be extra cautious and stay away from cheap and harmful tools.

Yes, Windows 10 do have a built-in repair tool that helps you troubleshoot most common PC issues. However, most of the time, it may not resolve all the issues of your PC.

Junk files are temporary files that are mostly created by various computer programs that no longer required but were never removed after they were created.

These files never affect your computer performance, but they can take up a lot of valuable storage space with time. If you have expensive and smaller SSD drives installed on your PC or laptop, then these junk files must be removed to free up valuable space.

PC Repair displays a log of app crashes for your reference only. App crashes are mostly just a minor nuisance, though sometimes App crashes can cause data loss or it can also damage the operating system. You can try several tweaks to fix App crashes in Windows OS like:

Disable antivirus software

Disable firewall

Reset or reinstall the crashing Apps

Check and reset time and date

Reset the Windows store processes

Clear Windows store cache

Re-register ownership on Windows store and apps

Update Windows to the latest version

Built-in Windows 10 repair tool helps you resolve common PC issues, it is still not enough to deal with many other issues that make your system sluggish.

There are many best PC tool kits designed with additional and practical features that address many complex PC issues and fix them easily.

Here, are things you need to do to repair your PC:

You need to ensure you have anti-virus and anti-malware software installed.

Top PC Repair Tools & Software: Speed up Windows Performance

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