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When we speak of merging subtitles with videos, we essentially refer to a process known as “hardcoding”. Hardcoding subtitles onto a video means to permanently embed the text into the video frames themselves. Unlike soft subtitles, which can be turned on or off, hardcoded subtitles become an integral part of the video, viewable on any device or platform.

VLC Media Player, renowned for its ability to play various media file types, also holds a powerful capability to hardcode subtitles into videos. This open-source software offers numerous functions beyond media playback. In this tutorial, we will walk you through the process of utilizing VLC to merge subtitles with your videos permanently.

Note: This guide presumes you already have VLC Media Player installed on your computer. If not, you can download it from videolan.org. Please ensure your VLC Media Player is updated to the latest version for maximum compatibility and to access all features.

Also see: How to Add Subtitles to Video in Windows 11

Before you begin, you need to have both your video file and your subtitle file ready.

Video file: VLC supports a broad range of video formats including but not limited to MP4, AVI, and MKV. Therefore, your video file can be in any of these formats. The video file should be clear and high-quality as the conversion process does not enhance the video quality.

Subtitle file: The subtitle file is the text document that carries the transcriptions or translations of the dialogues in the video file. The most common format for these files is SRT, although VLC also supports other formats like SSA and ASS. Ensure that your subtitle file is accurate, with dialogues matching the speech in the video at the correct timing.

Useful tip: How to Download Subtitles in VLC on Windows 11

Once loaded, press the play button to verify that the video plays with the subtitles. However, remember these subtitles are not yet hardcoded into the video. For that, we need to use VLC’s conversion function.

Handy guide: How to Move Subtitles in VLC Player

Now, with your video and subtitles loaded, it’s time to set up the conversion process.

Go  to the “Media” menu and select “Convert / Save…”. This will open a new dialog box titled “Open Media”. In this box, under the “File Selection” section, you should ideally see your loaded video.

However, note that if your video file and subtitle file are located in the same folder and share the same filename (with different extensions, of course), VLC will automatically detect and include the subtitles during conversion. Therefore, if this is the case, you can skip the above step.

In the “Settings” section, you need to select the desired Profile for your output file. If you’re unsure, “Video – H.264 + MP3 (MP4)” is a widely compatible choice that works well for most devices.

In the “Subtitles” tab of the “Profile edition” dialog box, ensure you check the box that says “Overlay subtitles on the video”. This action instructs VLC to merge the subtitles with the video during conversion.

While still in the “Profile edition” dialog box, navigate to the “Audio codec” tabs. In this tab, you might want to check the box that says “Keep original audio track”. By enabling this option, VLC will retain the original audio quality and format during the conversion process. Without these settings, VLC might re-encode your audio, potentially leading to a loss in quality or compatibility issues.

Pro tip: Convert SRT to 3D Subtitles and Add them to 3D Movies

Once the conversion process is set up correctly, the next step is to specify the destination for your output file.

After the conversion process finishes, navigate to the destination you specified earlier. You should find your new video file with the subtitles permanently hardcoded.

Related resource: How to Cut Video Using VLC in Windows 11

If you encounter issues during the conversion process, such as missing subtitles or subtitles appearing out of sync with the video, there are several potential causes:

“Keep original video track” is selected: When setting up the conversion in VLC, there’s an option labeled “Keep original video track”. If this option is selected, VLC will not alter the video during the conversion process. As hardcoding subtitles is essentially a form of video alteration (overlaying text on the video frames), having this option selected could prevent VLC from hardcoding the subtitles, resulting in an output video with no subtitles. If your output video doesn’t have hardcoded subtitles, make sure to uncheck this option before you start the conversion process.

Incorrect subtitle file: Check your subtitle file again. It might not match your video file, particularly regarding dialogue timings.

Unsupported subtitle format: VLC supports most subtitle formats, but if yours is not in SRT, SSA, or ASS format, you might need to convert it to one of these supported formats using a subtitle converter tool.

Outdated VLC version: Always ensure you have the latest version of VLC installed. An outdated version might not process the subtitle file correctly, leading to issues during the conversion.

On the positive side, hardcoded subtitles guarantee that your audience will always have access to the subtitle content, regardless of the platform they’re using to watch the video. This is particularly useful when the video is being viewed on devices or platforms that do not support soft subtitles, such as Android or iOS devices. Hardcoding also ensures that your subtitles stay exactly where you want them and exactly how you want them to look, offering a degree of control that soft subtitles might not provide.

While this guide has focused on using VLC Media Player to merge subtitles with videos, it’s important to remember that VLC is not the only tool capable of this. There is a range of other software and tools, both online and offline, that can accomplish the same task. The choice of tool largely depends on your specific needs, your level of technical expertise, and the resources at your disposal.

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How To Merge Excel Files And Sheets

When working with multiple Microsoft Excel Files, at times, you need to merge Excel Files and Sheets to a new or existing Excel file or merge multiple excel files into one file. While you can always copy paste data from one sheet to another or from one file to another, it’s tedious when there are too many of them. In this post, we will share how you can merge them using the inbuilt function.

How to Merge Excel Files & Sheets

Before you start merging files and sheets, plan it well. While you can always rearrange sheets later, the better you plan, the less amount of hours you will spend on sorting them after merging.

Merge Sheets to a new or existing file

Merge Multiple Excel Files

While the functions we will use here will give you the option to move sheets, I will recommend copying. If you ever need the original file again, you will have the choice.

Merge Sheets to a new or existing file

Before we start merging, make sure you have all the Excel files open. Only when they are open, Excel merge function can choose that as a destination. If you plan to move sheets from multiple files into a new excel file, you can do that as well.

Open the source excel file, and switch to the sheet you wish to copy

It will open a popup from where you can select existing excel file or create a new file on the run

When you choose a new file option, it will instantly create a new file but will not save it.

When you choose an existing file, you have the option to select where the sheet will be inserted, i.e., before or after existing sheets or end of all sheets

Make sure to select the checkbox— Create a copy. It will make sure your existing sheets remain in the sourcebook.

You can also move into an existing file, which is handy if there are too many sheets, and you need to insert the sheet in between them, somewhere, or move it to the end.

If you want to move multiple sheets to another Excel file, then before using “Move or copy sheet,” select the sheets using Ctrl or Shift. While Shift will allow you to select adjacent sheets or range of sheets, Ctrl will let you choose the individual sheets. The rest of the steps are the same. You can use this to manually merging excel files.

Merge Multiple Excel Files

Merging Excel files is a tricky thing, and for that, we will use a VBA code from ExtendOffice. It will allow you to combine multiple files or workbooks available in a folder.

Paste the code mentioned below. Name the Module as MergeExcel

Sub MergeExcel() Path = "D:ExcelFiles" Filename = Dir(Path & "*.xlsx") chúng tôi Filename:=Path & Filename, ReadOnly:=True For Each Sheet In ActiveWorkbook.Sheets chúng tôi After:=ThisWorkbook.Sheets(1) Next Sheet Workbooks(Filename).Close Filename = Dir() Loop End Sub

That said, it is not going to be a smooth experience at the first try. Stay assured that it will not delete any files, but I would suggest keeping a backup of the files. Experiment with some random data, and check if you are getting the desired result using the macro.

We hope the tutorial was easy to understand, and you can merge Excel Files and Sheets.

Delete Linkedin Account: How To Deactivate Permanently?

If you are not actively using your LinkedIn account, or if you feel that it no longer serves any purpose for you, then it may be a good idea to permanently delete your LinkedIn account. 

By deleting your account, you will no longer be visible or searchable on the LinkedIn platform. This can help you protect your personal information, as well as protect your professional reputation. 

Why You Should Permanently Delete Your LinkedIn Account?

Deleting your account also reduces any potential exposure to malicious activity such as spam or phishing attempts. It will also give you peace of mind, knowing that your personal information is no longer available to anyone who may misuse it.

Risks Involved in Deleting Your LinkedIn Account Permanently 

Deleting a LinkedIn account permanently brings with it certain risks that should be fully considered before making a decision.

For starters, it will be impossible to reconnect with any contacts that have not been saved elsewhere, and all the hard work that was put into building a professional profile will be lost. 

Furthermore, people who have used their LinkedIn profile to self-promote their services or products may find themselves losing out on potential opportunities. 

It is therefore important to weigh the potential benefits of deleting a LinkedIn account against the risks before making a final decision. 

Delete LinkedIn Account [Step-by-Step Guide]

Learn how to delete your LinkedIn account permanently in this step-by-step guide. We’ll show you how to deactivate your account first, and then how to delete it for good.

Let’s dive in!!

Step 1: Login to your account  Step 2: Got to your profile  Step 4: Scroll down to find “Close Account”

Under the Account Preferences section, you will be able to find the Close Account option.

Step 7: Viola! You have deleted your LinkedIn account permanently 

LinkedIn will take a minimum of 7 days to permanently delete your account. After the account is deleted, the data associated with the account is no longer accessible. It is important to note that it may take up to 90 days for the data to be completely removed from LinkedIn’s systems.

During this time, the account may not be accessible, but the data associated with the account still may exist. LinkedIn recommends that users download any data they wish to keep prior to initiating the account deletion process.

It is also important to note that if a user has linked any other social media accounts to their LinkedIn account, they may need to unlink those accounts to ensure the account is fully deleted.

If you wish to reactivate your LinkedIn you can login with your credentials within 7 days of deletion and retrieve it.

Conclusion

Deleting your LinkedIn account is permanent and cannot be undone, so be sure you really want to do it before proceeding. Once you delete your account, all your data and information will be gone forever. If you just want to take a break from LinkedIn, you can deactivate your account instead, which will allow you to come back and reactivate it at any time.

FAQs

1. Can a deleted LinkedIn account be recovered?

 A deleted account on LinkedIn can be recovered only within 7-14 days of deletion. You will not be able to recover an account once the timeline crosses 14 days.

2. Why you should deactivate LinkedIn?

You should deactivate your LinkedIn for taking breaks. Taking breaks from LinkedIn is beneficial for both your professional and personal well-being. It allows you to focus on yourself and your goals without being constantly reminded of the progress of others.

3. Is disabling an account the same as deactivating?

Disabling and deactivating the account is the same. People use it interchangeably to mention that the account is inactive. People will not be able to find your profile through search or access the information on your profile.

4. What does permanently delete mean?

Permanently deleting your account means erasing all the data from LinkedIn’s platform. Once you have deleted your account you will not be able to recover the account after 14 days from deletion.

How To Add Captions And Subtitles To Google Drive Videos

Just like YouTube, the folks at Google make it possible for users to add a caption to videos on Google Drive. You see, Google Drive is not just a cloud platform for documents, photos, and regular files, but it is great for storing video, and even better due to the caption feature.

There may come a time when folks need to share one or more videos that must contain captions for various reasons. Google ensures that this can be done with Drive instead of forcing people to use YouTube instead. So, the question is, how can we add captions to a Google Drive video with relative ease? Well, that is exactly what we are going to discuss today.

How to add Captions and Subtitles to Google Drive videos

Adding captions to videos from Google Drive is a simple task, and all you have to do is follow these steps:

Create text files with captions

Upload caption files to your Google Drive

Create text files with captions

To add Captions and Subtitles to Google Drive videos, the first thing we need to do here is to create a caption file. Bear in mind that Google Drive only supports SubRip (*.SRT) and SubViewer (*.SUB) files since the time of writing. We can simply use Google Docs to get this done, so let us explain.

Open your favorite web browser.

From there, navigate to Google Docs in one tab and then open a new document.

Once done, open Google Drive in another tab.

After that, ensure you’ve determined the timestamp of the particular text needed for the captions.

You can accomplish this by hovering your mouse over the red line from your Google Drive video.

Now, from the newly opened Google Docs document, you must add the narration time from the video.

For example, if the timestamp in the caption is between 5 seconds and 10 seconds, then the first line in the document should look like the following: 0:00:05,0:00:10.

Hit the Shift + Enter keys to create a new line.

From that new line, type the text you want to fall under the added timeframe.

If you want to add a second caption line, then we suggest creating a space between the first one.

Go to the Download option, then select Plain Text.

Save your file.

Upload caption files to your Google Drive

In terms of uploading the newly created caption file to Google Drive, is not difficult at all. It is much easier than creating and saving a caption file, so let us discuss it.

Go to the Google Drive tab in your web browser.

Navigate directly to the preferred video itself.

Look for the three-dotted button via the top-right corner of the window.

A drop-down menu will appear.

Select the Manage Caption Tracks without delay.

From there, go to Add New Caption Tracks.

READ: How to timestamp videos on Google Drive

How do I embed a caption in a video?

To embed a caption in a video on Google Drive, you need to follow the aforementioned steps. As Google Drive allows users to embed caption, there is no need to use third-party apps. You need to make use of the Add new caption tracks option included in the Google Drive.

How do you add a caption to a picture on Google Drive?

It is not possible to add a caption to a picture on Google Drive since images do not carry captions. On the other hand, if you want to do the same with a video, you can follow these steps. No matter how long the video is, you can add the caption using the Add new caption tracks option.

How To Combine Or Merge Multiple Text Files

There are several occasions where you may need to merge multiple text files into single text file. For example, you may receive a CD that contains hundreds of text files, all in different directories, which you need to combine into one file for importing into Excel, etc.

It’s also useful if you have network log files, server log files, or backup logs that you want to combine for purposes of data mining or data analysis. There are a couple of different ways you can go about joining text files together and the results are slightly different depending on the method you choose.

Table of Contents

In this article, I’ll write about several ways to combine text files so that if one method doesn’t work out too well, you can try something else.

Method 1 – Command Prompt

Also, since the command line can take multiple parameters, you can really create quite a complex command to filter and sort through which files you want to include in the joining process. I’ll explain the simplest command, but will also delve into a few examples to show you how to do the more complicated stuff.

This will open a command window that is already set to the directory you were in. Now all we have to do is type in the command. As you can see above, I have three text documents in the folder along with a couple of folders. If I only want to combine the text files in this one folder, I would issue this command:

In coding parlance, this is a simple FOR loop that loops through all the files end with .TXT and outputs them to a file called chúng tôi .

As you can see above, the loop just runs a separate command for each text file that it finds in the directory. Note that if you have a text file, but it has a different extension like .log or .dat, etc, then you can simply change the *.txt value in the command. It’s also worth noting that the output should be to a different location than the current directory, otherwise it will append the output file to itself since it also is a text file.

Now let’s say you have text files that are located not just in one folder, but in many subfolders. In this case, we can add a parameter to the command, which will tell it to recursively search for text files in any subfolders of the current directory.

You’ll notice the /R parameter right after the for statement. Now when I run the command, you’ll see that it finds a couple of extra text files in the three directories that are in the same directory.

As is usual with the command prompt, there is actually another command that allows you to do the same thing as the FOR statement above. The command is actually a lot simpler and if it works fine for you, then feel free to use it instead of the above method.

copy *.txt output.txt

This command works well, but doesn’t have as many options as the previous command. For example, it won’t let you recursively search through subfolders.

Method 2 – TXTCollector

TXTCollector is a free text file-merging tool with a decent feature set. It’s very easy to use and can be configured to work in a couple of different ways.

By default, TXTCollector will search for all TXT files and combine them. However, you can pick from the list and combine or merge multiple CSV, BAT, HTM, LOG, REG, XML, and INI files into one also!

Check the Include subfolders box if you want TXTCollector to recursively look into each sub-folder of the main folder. TXTCollector will show you exactly how many files it found in the directory.

Next you can choose a separator that will appear between each file that is being combined. This is a nice feature that you don’t get with the command line method. Either you can pick from the drop down menu or you can just type in whatever you want into the box.

By default, the program will put the directory name, file name, and the separator between each file. If you want to combine the files continuously without any break between each file, check off No Separator, No Filename, and No Carriage Returns.

Edit the chúng tôi file located in the TXTCollector application data directory. Note that TXTcollector only handles plain text files, no matter what extension is used. Therefore, it cannot combine multiple XLS files, for example, unless they are saved as plain text.

The only limitation to the program is that it can only combine 32,765 text files at once. If you have more than that, you can combine that many into one and then combine the large one with more smaller ones, up to 32,765!

Also, be sure to check out my other post on how to combine multiple PowerPoint presentations. Enjoy!

Using Homekit Secure Video In Ios 13.2 With Logitech Circle 2 Cameras

HomeKit Secure Video from Apple is a real feature that you can actually use with iOS 13 thanks to Logitech Circle 2 cameras.

Logitech promised an update for Logi Circle 2 Wired cameras earlier this summer right after Apple unveiled its new approach to home security camera software. A new app update and beta camera firmware released this week fulfilled that promise, making Logitech Circle 2 Wired cameras the only hardware to work with the new HomeKit Secure Video.

Apple’s Home app has supported home security cameras for years, but HomeKit Secure Video raises the bar for privacy while introducing new recording features for certain iCloud subscribers. Here’s what you should know about HomeKit Secure Video now that the feature is in the wild.

This is Apple’s official description and pitch:

Footage from home security cameras contains your most personal and sensitive data. With HomeKit Secure Video, activity detected by supported cameras is privately analyzed by your home hub using on‑device intelligence to determine if people, pets, or cars are present. When important activity is detected, you and anyone you share your Home app with will receive a rich notification that lets you view the clip right from the Lock Screen. Recorded video is available to view for ten days from the Home app. It’s securely stored for free in supported iCloud accounts and doesn’t count against your storage limit.

Apple adds that Eufy, Logitech, and Netatmo are committed to supporting HomeKit Secure Video, but only Logitech has released working software so far.

How it works

The way HomeKit Secure Video setup works is rather surprising.

For example, Logitech Circle 2 cameras are configured and updated through Logitech’s Circle app for iPhone, iPad, Android, and streams are also viewable on the web. Circle 2 has also worked with basic HomeKit support for a while which let you view snapshots of motion captured and live streaming video.

When converting Circle 2 cameras to HomeKit Secure Video cameras, the Circle app totally removes converted cameras from Logitech’s control (removing Android and web support). All camera management is totally moved to Apple’s Home app, including controlling status indicator lights and night vision.

If you’re a paying Logitech Circle Safe subscriber, you also have to agree to cancel your monthly subscription on your own after converting to HomeKit Secure Video. That’s because HomeKit Secure Video cameras can’t be reached by Logitech, and the monthly cloud recording feature is replaced by features in Apple’s Home app.

This effectively turns the Logitech Circle 2 cameras into Apple HomeKit cameras. Reverting from HomeKit Secure Video cameras requires contacting Logitech customer service.

What you need

HomeKit Secure Video has a few must-have requirements before getting started.

iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch running iOS 13.2 or iPadOS 13.2 or later

iPad, Apple TV, or HomePod used as a home hub

200GB ($2.99/month) or 2TB ($9.99/month) iCloud storage plan

HomeKit Secure Video won’t work without a dedicated home hub on your Wi-Fi network, and free 5GB and 99¢/month 50GB iCloud storage plans won’t support HomeKit Secure Video.

You can still stream video using HomeKit like before, but subject detection and cloud recordings won’t be supported. HomeKit Secure Video won’t count against iCloud storage space on plans it does support.

You also need a compatible HomeKit Secure Video security camera. I’ve personally been a big fan of Logitech Circle 2 Wired cameras (I own three) for a while, and being the first and only HomeKit Secure Video cameras on the market makes that even more true.

Logitech makes these cameras more versatile in terms of placement with special accessories including:

You can’t use HomeKit with Logitech’s wireless version of Circle 2, but all three accessories work with the wired version and HomeKit Secure Video. More options are expected to be on the market in the future.

Note that HomeKit Secure Video only supports up to five cameras. There’s no option for paying for additional cameras or more than 2TB storage.

Customizing alerts and managing recordings

When you finally get the chance to dive in and see what all HomeKit Secure Video can do, I highly recommend spending some time adjusting the default settings on each HomeKit Secure Video camera before letting them loose.

HomeKit generally has some curious default settings, and HomeKit Secure Video is just begging to be customized from the out-of-the-box defaults. Explore the settings for each camera to understand exactly what you can change and how it will affect the experience.

Here’s how I’m handling notification settings:

Allow snapshots in notifications: on

Status change notifications: on

Activity notifications: on

Time: Any

People: When nobody is home

When a clip is recorded

I suspect I will adjust some of these settings for outdoor versus indoor cameras over time, but it’s a manageable starting point for now.

You can also adjust streaming and recording options for when you’re home, when you’re away, and in general. Options include off, detect activity, stream, and stream & allow recording. For now, I’m using stream & allow recording for each HomeKit Secure Video camera.

General recording options let you record when any motion is detected (the old fashioned method) or when specific motion is detected. This can be based on people detection, animal detection, and vehicle detection. For example, you may want to ignore cars from an outside camera or ignore pets from an indoor camera, but always want to be notified by people detection.

Recording options also let you enable or disable audio recording, and you can tap a button to erase all recordings from a specific camera here.

HomeKit Secure Video records up to 10 days of motion footage (cameras can stream all footage but only motion detection triggers recording) and older clips will automatically be deleted on a rolling basis.

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