Trending February 2024 # How To Create A 3D Soccer Or Football In Illustrator # Suggested March 2024 # Top 7 Popular

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Learning how to create a 3D Soccer or Football in illustrator can help designers and manufacturers get a look at how a ball will look with certain designs and features before they create it. Adobe Illustrator is a versatile vector graphic app from Adobe. Illustrator has a lot of tools and features that can make just about any artwork. Illustrator can be used by anyone, from beginners to professionals. Illustrator has a lot of ways that it can be applied across a wide range of industries. Illustrator can be used for logo designs, packaging designs, wall, and building mockups, product mockups and so much more.

Create 3D Soccer or Football in Illustrator

The ability to see what a finished product will look like without having to create it from expensive material is very helpful. Illustrator offers the ability to create accurate lookalikes for products. There are several ways to make a 3D Soccer or Football in Illustrator, but the way described in this article is easy to follow and remember.

Decide on the design

Create the design

Place the design in symbols

Create the circle

Cut the circle in half

Use 3D effect

Customize further

Save

1] Decide on the design

3D Football can be designed in a lot of interesting ways, from the outer layer design and the color. All are left to the imagination. The outer layer can be made up of a polygon with five sides or six, and a mixture of both can be used. The ball can also have different colors, shading can be turned on or off and there can be a glow that you can adjust.

2] Create the design

When you have decided on the design of the ball, you will then have to use the tools to create it. This ball will use the six-sided polygon tool to design the outer look.

Open Illustrator and go to File then New and then choose the size and other options for the canvas.

Fill in the color for the polygon and add a stroke if you wish. The color of the stroke and surface can be any color you choose. Your design can also have each polygon of a different color or just two colors.

If you decide to use different colors or two colors on the shapes, this is the time to change the colors.

This is the finished shape; all the polygons are placed in rows and columns. Try to make the space between them uniform so that the finished ball can look neat. You may have different numbers of rows and columns but that will not matter much. However. The more you have the better it is if your ball is large. The more polygons you have the less stretching they will have to do to fill the space. This can work in reverse if you have a smaller circle to fill and you have too many polygons.

3] Place the design  in symbols

When you have dragged the shapes into the symbols pallet, you will see a dialogue box where you can name the symbol.

You can also choose the symbol type and choose between Movie clip or Graphic. In this case, it does not matter, but you can leave it as Movie clip or choose Graphic. When you are finished press Ok to confirm your choice.

4] Create the circle

This is the completed circle with black color and a stroke.

5] Cut the circle in half

This is the half circle.

6] Use 3D effect

With the preview on, you will see the half-circle turn into a sphere.

The symbol will be placed on the Map art window and will also show up on the sphere. If it does not show up on the sphere, that could mean that your computer is running low on resources (RAM). You can choose Scale to fit at the bottom of the Map art window and the art will scale to fit the sphere. You may also move and adjust the size of the artwork and look at how it fits the sphere, when you are satisfied you can then move on. Scale to fit automatically does not always give the best result so manually scaling and moving is sometimes the best option.

This is the football/soccer ball after the 3D revolve.

7] Customize further

You can choose to add color to one of the soccer balls or to both. In this article, one will be edited. You can also add text to see what it would look like carrying a company’s logo.

You can also add a shadow to the soccer ball to give it a more realistic look. To create the shadow use the ellipse tool and draw an elongated circle. You can then add a gradient that is darker in the middle and lighter at the edges, you then move it under the ball to give the ball a look like it is suspended in the air. When you are finished you can turn down the opacity of the shadow. You would then add a blur to the shadow to make it more realistic. You should also select the ball and group the pieces so that it is easily moved.

8] Save

After all that hard work you need to save the file. The first save that should be done is as an Illustrator .ai file. This will allow edits after the file is closed. When the work is completed then it is time to choose a file format that will best fit the use of the image. If it is for use on screens only then a JPEG file can be used, if you want to use both online and print then you can save it as PNG, the PNG file will have no background.

Read: How to make 3D Vector Globe in Illustrator

How do you make a football shape in Illustrator?

To make a football shape in Illustrator, you need to go through the above-mentioned steps. In simple words, you need to use the 3D effect to get the job done. Whether you want to make a black and white or colored football shape, the process is almost the same for both.

How do you make a 3D shape in Illustrator?

You're reading How To Create A 3D Soccer Or Football In Illustrator

How To Create A Whatsapp Chat Or Group Chat With Yourself

WhatsApp is the world’s most popular messaging app, and for a lot of good reasons – support for almost all platforms, stable handy features with voice/video calling, and steady updates. Not only can you chat with your loved ones, but you can also use WhatsApp to chat with yourself.

Yes, you read that right! In addition to sending texts, pictures, and videos to your friends and family, you can also store your personal details including photos, documents, videos, and links as a thread on your WhatsApp account for your own viewing. This way you will be able to browse through the internet on your PC and send files to your phone and vice versa without needing another app or wires to connect the two.

How to create a WhatsApp chat or group chat with yourself

This guide will help you create a chat/thread that only you can send and view to share files between your devices.

Step 1: Sign in to WhatsApp on your PC through the web or through the app for your device.

Web: Log on to chúng tôi on your web browser and sign in by following the instructions on the screen.

WhatsApp for PC app: Download and install the WhatsApp app for PC and sign in using your phone number.

wa.me/(country code without '+'sign)(your phone number)

Step 3: Enter this link in the address bar in the web browser and press the Enter key.

Step 4: Tap Open WhatsApp to load WhatsApp on the web or the WhatsApp app on your PC.

Step 5: Type a message or upload a file from the PC to start the thread.

The WhatsApp app on your phone will also show this text.  Once this is done, a WhatsApp thread where only you can view and send messages and files is created. You can create this thread for your own usage and can pin it every time you want to look at your to-do list and reminders.

You can pin this thread by long-pressing the thread and tapping the pin icon at the top on WhatsApp.

Method 2: Creating a WhatsApp group with only you as the member

WhatsApp group is where you can usually send messages and share media including documents, photos, videos and other content to the people you know. But did you know that you can create a WhatsApp group that’s made only for you? Technically though, creating a group on WhatsApp is only possible if you add at least one other member. Once the group is created, you can remove the other individual to keep the group all to yourself and share documents and files between your devices.

The following set of instructions will guide you into creating a group on WhatsApp for the sole purpose of using it for your own work.

Step 1: Open the WhatsApp app on your Android device.

Step 2: Tap the 3-dot icon at the top right.

Step 3: Tap on New group.

Step 4: Select an individual to add as another group member.

Note: Since you’ll create the group only for you, you’ll have to remove this person later. So to avoid confusion, add a friend or a family member to create this group, so they won’t mind when they’re removed shortly.

If you’ve got a lost list of contacts on your phone, tap on the search icon at the top right and search for the contact you wish to add.

Step 5: Once you selected the other member of the group, tap on the right arrow bubble at the bottom right.

Step 6: On the next screen, type a name for the group you’re going to create and tap on the tick mark bubble.

A new group will now be created with you as the admin and the other member you selected.

Now, you need to remove this member to keep the group to yourself and use it to send and receive files and links between all of your devices where WhatsApp is accessible.

The next set of steps will now help you remove the other member.

Step 7: Tap on the group title at the top.

Step 8: Scroll down to the Participants section and tap on the other member.

Step 9: Select Remove from the options provided in the pop-up menu.

Step 10: Confirm the removal by tapping OK.

That’s it! The group that you have created is now present for your own usage. You can use it across a multitude of platforms to share and receive files and links between all of your devices using WhatsApp.

RELATED:

How To Create A Chart In Microsoft Powerpoint

Because charts and graphs make such beautiful visuals, you may want to include one in your Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. You can create a chart within PowerPoint or insert one you create in Excel: two easy ways to add a helpful visual.

Also helpful: moving text from Word into PowerPoint? Learn how to copy formatted text from one to the other and save yourself time!

How to Create a Chart in PowerPoint

You can set up a chart in PowerPoint and add the data for it in one complete process. This gives you an excellent way to create a chart quickly and easily.

If you have a blank slide instead, add your chart by going to the “Insert” menu and selecting “Chart” in the Illustrations group.

To edit the data for your chart later, go to the “Chart Design” tab and open the “Edit Data” menu. Select either “Edit Data” or “Edit Data in Excel.”

Tip: if you use Google Slides in addition to PowerPoint, you can insert a chart in Slides, too!

How to Insert an Excel Chart in PowerPoint

Maybe you already have a chart in Microsoft Excel that you’d like to use in your PowerPoint slideshow. This is as simple as a copy and paste of the chart. Depending on how you want to update the chart later, there are a handful of ways to paste the chart into PowerPoint.

Go to the slide in PowerPoint where you want to insert the Excel chart. Select the “Paste” drop-down arrow on the “Home” tab, then choose one of the “Paste Options” described below.

Use Destination Theme & Embed Workbook: insert the chart with your PowerPoint theme.

Keep Source Formatting & Embed Workbook: retain the chart’s original formatting and insert it.

Use Destination Theme & Link Data: use your PowerPoint theme, insert the chart, and link the data.

Keep Source Formatting & Link Data: retain the chart’s formatting, insert it, and link the data.

Picture: insert the chart as a static image.

With the Picture option, you cannot edit or update the chart as the data changes. Like any other picture, this is a static image that is inserted in PowerPoint.

You’ll see your chart pop onto your slide using the paste option you chose.

Good to know: sometimes PowerPoint can be limiting, but these PowerPoint alternatives may offer more features for charts and other graphics.

How to Customize a Chart in PowerPoint

Whether you create the chart in PowerPoint or paste it from Excel, you can customize its elements and appearance.

Note: this does not apply if you paste the chart as an image.

Use the Chart Design Tab

Select the chart and go to the “Chart Design” tab that is displayed. Use the tools in the ribbon to customize the chart.

Add Chart Element: add or position items, such as axis titles, data labels, and a legend.

Quick Layout: choose a different style or layout for the chart.

Change Colors: choose a new color scheme for the chart.

Chart Styles: select a design for the chart.

Change Chart Type: choose a different type of chart or graph.

The items in the “Data” section of the ribbon may or may not be available, depending on how you paste the chart on your slide. For instance, you may be able to switch rows and columns, select the data for the chart, edit the data, or refresh the chart.

Use the Format Chart Sidebar or Format Tab

Use the available tools to make your changes.

Use the Chart Buttons on Windows

In PowerPoint on Windows, you can also use the three buttons that display to the right when you select the chart. These allow you to work with Chart Elements, Styles, and Filters.

You can add and remove items, choose a color scheme, or filter the chart according to specific data.

Frequently Asked Questions Why do I see the Picture Format tab when I select my chart?

When you select your chart in PowerPoint, you should see the “Chart Design” tab display. If you see the “Picture Format” tab instead, it means that you pasted the chart as a picture rather than a chart.

How can I stop accidentally moving or resizing my chart?

It can be easy to mistakenly move your chart or resize it slightly as you work on your slide. To avoid this, you can lock the chart.

Image credit: Pixabay. All screenshots by Sandy Writtenhouse.

Sandy Writtenhouse

With her BS in Information Technology, Sandy worked for many years in the IT industry as a Project Manager, Department Manager, and PMO Lead. She wanted to help others learn how technology can enrich business and personal lives and has shared her suggestions and how-tos across thousands of articles.

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How To Create A Bubble Chart In Excel

Microsoft Excel makes it possible to create different types of charts, and one of them is the bubble chart. Some users may feel the need to create a Bubble Chart in Excel but have no idea how, and that’s fine because we have an idea of what to do. We should point out that a bubble chart is ideal for when a person wants to display three data series on a scatter plot, or a type of scatter plot. The question is, then, how do we get this done? It’s not hard because Microsoft Excel has already accomplished most of the work, and as such, there is no need to manually create a bubble chart from scratch.

How to create a Bubble Chart in Excel

Add a bubble chart to your work

Launch Microsoft Excel if you haven’t done so already.

Open the workbook with the relevant data from the main menu.

Select the data set for your bubble chart.

Add a bubble chart to your work

From there, you must seek out the Chart category located on the Ribbon.

Hover the mouse cursor over the icon with the tiny dots.

From the dropdown menu, you will see a list of bubble chart options to choose from.

Select the one that best fits your needs.

How to customize the Bubble Chart in Excel

In terms of customizing the bubble chart, this is a fairly simple task as well. Then again it all boils down to what you want to accomplish.

The Design tab

The Format tab

Format Chart Area

Chart Format buttons

Make changes to the chart data

1] The Design tab

From here you can apply a different layout, switch the rows and columns, add a new style, and more.

2] The Format tab

If you want to change the color, add WordArt, insert shapes, and more, then the Format tab is your friend.

From the tab, you will Format sitting next to Chart Design. Select it.

All the options available to you are located on the Ribbon.

Choose the options that make sense for your overall formatting needs.

3] Format Chart Area

From this area, you can color and text options.

Alternatively, folks can apply glow, shadow, border color, and much more.

4] Chart Format buttons

For additional formatting options to spice up your bubble chart in Excel, you can make use of the format buttons.

From the side, you should see three buttons.

They are called Chart Elements, Chart Styles, and Chart Filters.

Each option brings something unique to the table, so play around with them to find what changes you can make to the chart.

5] Make changes to the chart data

If you are not pleased with the data on your Excel bubble chart, then we would recommend performing an edit.

From the context menu, then, you must choose Select Data.

Make the relevant changes, but ensure you know exactly what you’re doing.

Read: How to use the ISEVEN function in Excel

Are Bubble Charts available in Excel?

From our understanding, bubble charts have been in Excel for quite some time, but in the latest version, these types of charts are easier to add and customize.

What is a bubble chart in Excel used for?

A bubble chart is used in Excel when a person wants to graphically represent three sets of data. Now, out of the three data sets used to create the bubble chart, two-axis of the chart in a series of XY coordinates are shown. After that, a third set shows the important data points.

How To Create A Rainbow Gradient In Photoshop

How to Create a Rainbow Gradient in Photoshop

Learn how to create a simple rainbow gradient in Photoshop, how to save it as a rainbow gradient preset, and the fastest way to add your rainbow colors to images, shapes or text! For Photoshop CC 2023.

Written by Steve Patterson.

In this tutorial, I show you how easy it is to create your own rainbow gradient in Photoshop and how to save it as a custom preset. You’ll also learn the fastest way to colorize an image with your rainbow colors, and how to add your rainbow gradient to text!

Along the way, we’ll be using the Gradients panel which is new as of Photoshop 2023. So for best results, make sure that your copy of Photoshop is up to date. You can get the latest Photoshop version here.

Let’s get started!

Creating a new group for your custom gradients

Before we learn how to create the rainbow gradient, let’s quickly create a new gradient group to store all of our custom gradients and keep them separate from Photoshop’s default gradients. If you have already created a custom group, you can skip this section.

Step 1: Open the Gradients panel

Start by opening the Gradients panel. You’ll find it in the same panel group as the Color, Swatches and Patterns panels.

Notice that all of Photoshop’s default gradients are divided into groups, like Basics, Blues, Purples, and so on. And each group is represented by a folder:

The Gradients panel.

Step 2: Open the Gradients panel menu

Rather than placing the rainbow gradient into one of these default groups, we’ll create our own custom group.

Step 3: Choose “New Gradient Group”

Then choose New Gradient Group from the menu:

Creating a new gradient group.

Step 4: Name the group “My Gradients”

The Group Name dialog box.

Then back in the Gradients panel, scroll down past the default groups and the new group will appear at the bottom, ready to hold our rainbow gradient:

The new “My Gradients” group.

See also: Give someone Rainbow Eye Colors in Photoshop!

How to create a rainbow gradient in Photoshop

Now let’s learn how to create the rainbow gradient. As we’ll see, it’s really just a matter of choosing an existing gradient and then editing the colors.

Step 1: Select the Gradient Tool

Start by selecting the Gradient Tool in the toolbar:

Choosing the Gradient Tool.

Step 2: Open the Gradient Editor Step 3: Select the “Black, White” gradient

Selecting the “Black, White” gradient in the Gradient Editor.

Step 4: Change the color black to red

Then go down to the gradient preview bar in the lower half of the Gradient Editor.

Setting R to 255, G to 0 and B to 0 for red.

Step 5: Set the location of red to 0%

Back in the Gradient Editor, make sure the Location value for red is set to 0%.

And we now have the first color of our rainbow:

Setting the location of red to 0 percent.

Step 6: Add a new color stop and choose yellow

Editing the color.

Setting R to 255, G to 255 and B to 0 for yellow.

Step 7: Set yellow’s location to 20%

And then back in the Gradient Editor, set the Location of yellow to 20%. Two colors down, four to go:

Setting the location of yellow to 20 percent.

Step 8: Add another color stop and choose green

Adding another new color stop.

Changing the new color.

Setting R to 0, G to 255 and B to 0 for green.

Step 9: Set green’s location to 40%

Set the Location of green to 40%:

Setting the location of green to 40 percent.

Step 10: Add another color step and choose cyan

The next color we need for our rainbow gradient is cyan.

Adding a third new color stop below the gradient.

And in the Color Picker, leave R at 0 and G at 255, but change B to 255:

Setting R to 0, G to 255 and B to 255 for cyan.

Setting the location of cyan to 60 percent.

Step 11: Add a new color stop and choose blue

We have one more color stop to add, and then we’ll edit the white color stop.

Adding a fourth new color stop.

Changing the color.

And in the Color Picker, choose blue by leaving R at 0, changing G to 0 and leaving B at 255:

Setting R to 0, G to 0 and B to 255 for blue.

Step 12: Set blue’s location to 80%

Setting the location of blue to 80 percent.

Step 13: Change the color white to magenta

The last color we need for our rainbow gradient is magenta.

In the Color Picker, choose magenta by changing R to 255 and leaving G at 0 and B at 255:

Setting R to 255, G to 0 and B to 255 for magenta.

Step 14: Set magenta’s location to 100%

And finally, make sure the Location value for magenta is at 100%.

And we now have our rainbow gradient:

Setting magenta’s location to 100 percent.

How to save the rainbow gradient as a preset

So now that we’ve created the rainbow gradient, let’s save it as a gradient preset. For this part, we’ll need the custom gradient group that we made back in the first part of the tutorial.

Step 1: Select your custom gradient group

Still in the Gradient Editor, select your custom group from the Presets area:

Selecting the “My Gradients” group.

Step 2: Name the gradient “Rainbow”

Change the name of the gradient from “Custom” to “Rainbow”:

Naming the gradient “Rainbow”.

Up next, I’ll show you the fastest way to apply the rainbow gradient to an image or to text:

The new rainbow gradient preset.

How to apply the rainbow gradient to an image

As of Photoshop CC 2023, the easiest way to apply the rainbow gradient to an image, a shape or text is by dragging and dropping it from the Gradients panel.

Here’s an image I’ve opened in Photoshop that I downloaded from Adobe Stock:

The original photo. Credit: Adobe Stock.

Step 1: Open the Gradients panel

To colorize an image with the rainbow gradient, open the Gradients panel:

Opening the Gradients panel.

Step 2: Drag the rainbow gradient onto the image

Choosing the rainbow gradient.

Then simply drag the gradient from the Gradients panel onto your image:

Dragging the gradient from the Gradients panel and dropping it on the image.

The gradient temporarily blocks the image from view.

I’ll show you how to change the direction of the colors in a moment:

The result after dragging and dropping the rainbow gradient.

Step 3: Change the Gradient fill layer’s blend mode

In the Layers panel, the gradient appears on its own Gradient fill layer above the image.

To blend the rainbow colors into the image, change the fill layer’s blend mode to either Color, Overlay or Soft Light. Each mode will give you a different result, so choose the one that looks best:

Changing the Gradient fill layer’s blend mode.

Step 4: Lower the layer opacity

If the colors are too intense, lower the Opacity of the fill layer. I’ll lower mine to 40 percent:

Lowering the layer’s opacity.

And here’s my result with the rainbow gradient set to the Overlay blend mode at 40 percent opacity:

The result with the rainbow gradient blended with the image.

Step 5: Change the gradient’s direction

This opens the Gradient Fill dialog box where you can edit various options.

To simply reverse the gradient colors, select the Reverse option. Or enter a new Angle value to change the gradient’s direction. For example, to display the gradient from left to right, set the angle to 0°. Or for a diagonal gradient, try 45°.

The Gradient Fill options.

Related: Learn ALL the new ways to add gradients in Photoshop!

How to add the rainbow gradient to text

It’s just as easy to apply the rainbow gradient to text. But there’s a difference in how we edit the gradient options:

A Photoshop document with white text in front of a black background.

Step 1: Drag the rainbow gradient onto the text

Make sure you drop it directly on one of the letters, not on the background:

Dragging and dropping the rainbow gradient onto the text.

By default, the initial result will look like this, with the gradient running vertically through the letters:

The initial result.

Step 2: Edit the Gradient Overlay layer effect

A moment ago, we saw that Photoshop applies gradients as Gradient fill layers when we drop them onto an image. But when we drop a gradient onto text, the gradient is applied as a Gradient Overlay layer effect.

Instead of opening the Gradient Fill dialog box, Photoshop opens the Layer Style dialog box where we find the same Reverse and Angle options.

To change the direction from vertical to horizontal, set the Angle to 0°:

The Reverse and Angle options for the Gradient Overlay.

And the rainbow gradient now runs through the text from left to right:

The final rainbow text effect.

Where to go next

And there we have it! That’s how to create a rainbow gradient, how to save the gradient as a preset, and how to add the rainbow colors to an image or text in Photoshop!

Check out our Photoshop Basics section for more tutorials. And don’t forget, all of our Photoshop tutorials are available to download as PDFs!

How To Create A Candlestick Chart In Matplotlib?

Candlestick charts are a popular way to visualize stock market data. They show the opening, closing, high, and low prices of a stock or security for a given time period. A candlestick chart consists of a series of vertical bars or “candlesticks”, where each candlestick represents one time period. The top and bottom of each candlestick represent the highest and lowest prices traded during that period, while the body of the candlestick represents the opening and closing prices.

In this tutorial, we will explore codes where we will use Matplotlib, a popular data visualization library in Python, to create a candlestick chart for a week of stock prices.

We will use the Pandas library to create a DataFrame representing the stock prices and then use Matplotlib’s bar chart function to plot the candlesticks.

To create a candlestick chart, we use a specific syntax that involves using the chúng tôi method in Matplotlib.

plt.bar to Create Bar Charts

plt.bar is a function in the Matplotlib library that allows you to create bar charts in Python. It takes several parameters, including the x-axis values, y-axis values, width of the bars, and colour of the bars. You can use this function to create both horizontal and vertical bar charts, and you can customize the appearance of the bars to suit your needs.

Below is the syntax for plt.bar.

plt.bar(up.index,up.close-up.open,bottom=up.open,color) The "up" dataframe contains the stock prices where the closing price is greater than or equal to the opening price. plt.bar(down.index, down.close - down.open, bottom=down.open, color) The "down" dataframe contains the stock prices where the closing price is less than the opening price. Example: Candlestick Chart in Matplotlib

Now let’s explore the code shown below. This code creates a candlestick chart to represent the opening, closing, high, and low prices of a stock for a week using the matplotlib library in Python.

First, a Pandas DataFrame is created to store the stock prices of the week. Then, two new DataFrames are created – “up” stores the stock prices where the closing stock price is greater than or equal to the opening stock price, and “down” stores the stock prices where the closing stock price is lesser than the opening stock price.

Next, the colours for the candlesticks are defined: “green” for increased stock prices and “red” for decreased stock prices. The width of the candlestick elements is also set.

Then, the chúng tôi method is used to plot the up and down stock prices on the chart, where the bottom parameter specifies the starting point of each bar. The x-axis tick labels are rotated by 45 degrees towards the right for better visibility. Finally, the chart is labelled with a title, x-label, y-label, and displayed using plt.show().

import pandas as pd import matplotlib.pyplot as plt # Create a DataFrame to represent opening, closing, high, and low prices # of a stock for a week stock_prices = pd.DataFrame({'open': [60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120], 'close': [55, 85, 75, 100, 95, 120, 105], 'high': [70, 95, 85, 110, 105, 120, 125], 'low': [50, 60, 70, 80, 85, 105, 100]}, index=pd.date_range("2023-04-01", periods=7, freq="d")) plt.figure() # Create a new DataFrame called "up" that stores the stock_prices # when the closing stock price is greater than or equal to the opening stock price # Create a new DataFrame called "down" that stores the stock_prices # when the closing stock price is lesser than the opening stock price down = stock_prices[stock_prices.close < stock_prices.open] # When the stock prices have decreased, then it # will be represented by red color candlestick col1 = 'red' # When the stock prices have increased, then it # will be represented by green color candlestick col2 = 'green' # Set the width of candlestick elements width = 0.4 width2 = 0.05 # Plot the up prices of the stock plt.bar(up.index, up.close-up.open, width, bottom=up.open, color=col2) plt.bar(up.index, up.high-up.close, width2, bottom=up.close, color=col2) plt.bar(up.index, up.low-up.open, width2, bottom=up.open, color=col2) # Plot the down prices of the stock plt.bar(down.index, down.close-down.open, width, bottom=down.open, color=col1) plt.bar(down.index, down.high-down.open, width2, bottom=down.open, color=col1) plt.bar(down.index, down.low-down.close, width2, bottom=down.close, color=col1) # Rotate the x-axis tick labels at 45 degrees towards right plt.xticks(rotation=45, ha='right') # Display the candlestick chart of stock data for a week plt.title('Stock Prices for a Week') plt.xlabel('Date') plt.ylabel('Price (USD)') plt.show() Output

On executing, you will get the following candlestick chart:

Conclusion

In conclusion, creating a candlestick chart in Matplotlib can be a powerful tool for visualizing stock market data. Through the use of different colours and widths, it is also possible to convey additional information about how stock prices have changed over time. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you can create your own candlestick chart and gain deeper insights into market trends and stock performance.

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