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In the world of information technology, we use digital data constantly. The online products used for creating digital contents are so vital that it has become an integral part of our life. The data is created using online digital tools that are constantly updated, stored, and shared online. There is a need to make a copy of these valuable data before deleting it completely. Backing up of the data is given the utmost importance in order to be prepared for future emergencies where data may be completely lost. It is required to archive these files and folders to restore the data in case of data loss.

Of all the applications and services you use online, Gmail is one of the important ones where you store all the important contacts and have important messages. Some of the email messages may contain sensitive information, and it may be required to backup or download these data either for business deals, legal reasons or for any personal reasons. Email backup is also quintessential if you are switching your account to the new mail service or if you want to transfer the data to another account. In some cases, you may want to backup the entire mail locally.

Luckily,  Gmail provides an option to backup the data using third-party apps or you can also backup the files entirely to your Local hard drive or External Hard Drive using Google’s Data tool. In this article, we discuss how to download the Gmail contacts and messages using Gmail Data Backup Tool provided by Google. All it requires is to archive the email data which you wish to safeguard at the local storage and export these archives to the drive via Data Tools.

Backup Gmail to Hard Drive

If you are looking for a way to download or backup your Gmail emails, contacts & messages to your local Hard Drive on your computer, then you can do so using the Gmail Data Backup Tool. Let us take a look at the method involved:

Open Gmail account.

Select the Delivery method.

Let us take a look at this in detail.

Open your Gmail account.

Navigate to Personal info & privacy.

Now scroll down to locate Mail and toggle the button to select.

Select the file type as .zip or .tgz. Usually, .zip files are preferred because it can be easily opened in most of the computers.

Select the Delivery method from the list of options. You are provided with options to download link via email, Google Drive, Dropbox or OneDrive.

It will take an approximate time of a day or more to generate your data archive depending on the number of emails and send a download link to the chosen delivery method.

Save email and attachments browser extension

If you want to save Gmail emails and attachments then you may have to make use of this Chrome extension called Save emails and attachments.

There is another tool that may interest you. Gmail Backup is a third-party freeware that copies all emails from your Gmail account to a local drive or removable disk. You can download it from here.

That’s all!

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How To Remove Write Protection On Hard Drive

Hard drives are normally write protected for read-only and archiving purposes. But if it is an active disk, this functionality effectively renders the drive worthless by not allowing users to write or modify data in them.

It can be purposefully set by the user or accidentally set off by a system error. Other reasons that may cause write protection to be enabled are due to mismanaged settings, registry modifications, or hardware issues.

Write protection cannot be removed from the system. Instead, users can only disable it. Some solutions require the user to make changes in the hardware while others require making changes through the software. 

Here, we’ll explore the ways on how you can disable the write protection feature in your system’s hard drive.

Some hard disks have a hardware switch that disables the ability to write new information. To fix this issue, users will have to disable or unlock the security switch on their hard drive. 

Write Protection Switch

To disable this, simply toggle the write protection switch to unlocked or 🔓 and check to see if any data can be written or modified in the hard drive. The switch may be located on the hard drive or in the case of an external hard drive, the protective cover of the disk. 

Another reason that may be causing the hard drive to display the error can be because of disk permission issues. If the administrator of the system has restricted users from writing or modifying data in the disk, the write protect feature can trigger. To disable this

Another reason that may be causing the hard drive to display the write protect message may be because of the read only flag. Clearing the disk attribute from the command prompt will help solve the issue. To do this:

Sometimes, due to misconfigured policies, the write protection can be triggered in the hard drive making the drive unusable. You can change a registry value to fix the error.  

Note: This fix does not apply to devices that do not have Windows BitLocker activated or devices having Windows 11 home edition.

Encryption is a feature in Windows operating systems that provides an extra layer of security to the data stored in a volume of the hard drive. If enabled, it can prevent the user from modifying or writing data on the encrypted drive.

Disabling the encryption services can help solve the issue. For Windows devices, drive encryption is done through Windows Bitlocker. To disable this

Another fix for this error is to check the drive for errors. Sometimes the header data of a storage drive can get corrupted or miss entirely from the system causing the write protection error to appear.

Fixing this issue from the disk repair tool can help solve the issue.

Alternatively, you can use command prompt to scan the drive for errors. The chkdsk tool can help scan and repair the drive for logical errors.

The final solution for this problem would be to format the drive entirely. This process wipes the data from the drive and resets any changes made to the drive. This process will make the drive usable again. To format the drive, 

How To Reinstall Directx On Windows 11/10

Thanks to the graphical capabilities of the DirectX API, Microsoft Windows has established itself as the best operating system for gaming. But what should you do when this crucial component is not functioning properly on your computer?

DirectX had to be installed separately in earlier versions of Windows since it was often packaged along with games. These days, however, the process is supposed to be automatic, which makes finding a way to do it manually a bit tricky. To help you out, here are all the methods to reinstall DirectX on your Windows PC.

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When Do You Need To Reinstall DirectX on Your Computer?

By default, Windows 11/10 already includes the latest version of DirectX 12. Usually, this means that your PC remains up to date on any new drivers, giving you the best graphical performance on your hardware.

But it is sometimes possible to run into glitches. Maybe your Windows updates are paused. Perhaps the DirectX installation has gotten corrupted. Whatever the reason, if there are any graphical issues on your computer (such as in running video games), then the first thing to try is to reinstall DirectX.

Method #1: Download the DirectX Installer

While DirectX is installed and updated automatically, a standalone installer still exists. It can be used to manually add outdated DirectX modules on your computer without removing your existing DirectX installation.

To get the DirectX End-User Runtime Web Installer, head to Microsoft’s official website. The installer is tiny, as the files required during installation are downloaded.

Run this setup and accept the license agreement. Make sure you are still connected to the internet, as any modules that need to be installed will be retrieved now.

Depending on the version of DirectX already installed, it can take anything between a few seconds to an hour. If your PC is not missing any DirectX components, the setup will exit without making any changes.

Method #2: Check for Windows Updates

As DirectX is included in Windows 11/10 by default, you don’t need to look for a standalone installer. Just staying updated is enough to ensure that your system is running the latest version of DirectX 12, as Windows updates include DirectX packages.

To check for Windows Updates, head to the Start menu and open Settings.

In the window that appears, select Update & Security.

The very first tab in this category of settings is the Windows Update. Use the Check for updates button to refresh Windows. If any updates are pending, Windows will now detect and install them.

Once you are up-to-date with your Windows Updates, you don’t need to worry about reinstalling DirectX anymore. The operating system will automatically configure the DirectX modules to give you the latest possible version that your hardware can support.

Method #3: Disable Third-Party Apps and Services

In case the first two methods don’t work, it’s likely the problem lies elsewhere. Very rarely, a third-party application or service interferes with DirectX. This interference can cause DirectX issues even with the correct version installed on your computer.

If this is your first time opening Task Manager, you will only be able to see running applications rather than any services or processes. To get the full view, select More details.

Task Manager will now display every running task on your PC, including system processes or background tasks. Switch to the Startup tab.

In the Startup tab is the list of all services run by default upon booting up your PC. Not only do these apps slow down your computer, but they can often cause conflicts with other more critical applications. Select all unnecessary services and select the Disable button.

Startup services aren’t the only resource-hogging applications running on your computer. There are plenty of services that do not show up in that list but keep running in the background anyway. To disable such tasks, open System Configuration by searching for it from the Start menu.

The MSConfig system utility lets you configure the startup option on your computer and is much more detailed than the Task Manager. Note the Normal startup option on this screen; once you are done with diagnostics, you need to enable this to return things to normal. For now, select the Services tab to continue.

All the background services running on your PC are listed here. This includes system processes as well, so enable the Hide all Microsoft services checkbox to remove them. Now you can use the Disable all button to shut down all these extra processes.

Note that this step is not permanent. Many of the services on this list, while not essential, are still somewhat useful and need to be working for the best performance of your computer. This only allows us to check if any third-party application might be interfering with your DirectX installation.

All you now need to do is to restart your PC and see if DirectX is functioning. If it is, then one of the services from the previous list is the culprit. We recommend enabling them one by one to find the offending application, after which you can uninstall or disable it.

Once done, remember to go back to the System Configuration app and select Normal startup to set things back to the default. 

Method #4: Run System File Checker in Command Prompt

If you’ve installed DirectX correctly, updated your computer, and even checked for any conflicting services, the only possibility remaining is data corruption. Corrupted drivers and system files can often throw weird errors and can be hard to diagnose.

To find and fix any corrupted system files on your computer, open Command Prompt as an administrator. Just type cmd in the Search box to find the application.

We will be using a command prompt utility called System File Checker. As the name suggests, it checks all system files for any data corruption, fixing the affected files. Enter the command sfc /scannow to run the tool.

System File Checker will now scan your Windows installation and verify the integrity of each file. Once the scan is complete, all your system files have been checked and repaired.

What Is the Best Way To Reinstall DirectX on Windows 11/10?

Since DirectX is an integral component of Windows 11/10, you usually don’t have to worry about installing it yourself. Instead, windows updates will patch DirectX issues automatically, leaving you free to play games and run other graphical applications.

But in case your computer shows issues with the DirectX, it wouldn’t be a bad idea to reinstall it manually. You can use Microsoft’s standalone installer for this purpose or just ensure that your Windows Updates are not being stalled.

Hard Drive Not Showing On Ios 13? Here’s How To Fix It

On most Android phones of the past few years, this has been pretty easy to do. Simply connect a drive to the USB port on the phone and it shows up in the file manager.

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However, iOS only received an overhaul of its file system with version 12. Giving users the sort of access to the folders of the system that one would expect of a “real” computer. This new drive support feature then is the natural evolution of the new file management approach.

The problem is that sometimes plugging a drive into an iOS device does nothing. No error messages, no indication at all as to why you can’t read or write to the disk.

How To Connect An External Hard Drive To An iOS Device

You probably already know this, having come to this article in the first place. Still, it’s worth confirming how you should connect your drive to your iOS device in the first place. 

If you have an older iOS device that uses the Lightning port, you’ll need something like the official Apple Camera connection kit, which features a full-sized USB Type-A port. Be sure that you have an internet connection the first time you connect the official kit, since it may need a firmware update.

If you have one of the newer iOS devices that features a USB-C port, you can use just about any on-the-go (OTG) USB-C adapter to connect your drive to the device. It’s as simple as that. 

Restart & Update

We may as well get this out of the way first. Make sure your iOS device has the latest update. Some adapters, such as the Apple camera connection kit, may need a firmware update before working with your hard drive.

So make sure you have an active internet connection when first connecting an adapter to your system. Third-party adapters may need manual updating, refer to their respective documentation sets to find out if this is an issue or not.

Restarting your iOS device is also at the top of the list. It probably isn’t this, but it only takes a minute and you’d hate to find out that a mere restart would have fixed the issue.

Does It Work On Other Devices?

It’s always a good idea to eliminate suspects one-by-one when troubleshooting a technological problem and the easiest way to do that is to swap parts between known good devices. 

In this case, we want to make sure that the hard drive (or flash drive) isn’t actually busted. So plug it into another computer and see if it works. If the drive works on something other than your iOS machine, then the problem is probably on the iOS side of things.

Swap Out The Cable

Cables can really throw you for a loop. One minute they are working just fine, the next minute they’re dead. Try changing out the cable if the drive doesn’t seem to be working in general. It could simply be a broken internal wire or a busted connector.

Is The Drive The Right Format?

Hard drives and flash drives need to be formatted before you can use them. Formatting is the process of arranging the space within the drive according to a system. It’s like books in a library arranged according to the Dewey Decimal System. Except, there’s no such thing as a universal file format. If your drive is formatted according to a standard that iOS doesn’t support, you won’t see the drive pop up at all!

Your external hard drive is likely to be formatted in the Windows-friendly NTFS format. To use it with an iOS device you’ll need to change that. exFAT is a good alternative that both iOS and Windows can understand without hassle while retaining support for large file sizes. 

There are two pieces of bad news, however. Firstly, iOS itself provides no way to reformat hard drives. So you’ll need to find a computer that can reformat the drive to exFAT.

Secondly, if you have any data on that drive, formatting will erase it! So either make peace with that or find a place where you can back it all up and then move it back to the drive after formatting it.

Does It Have Enough Power?

Some hard drives need more power than a humble iOS device can provide. They might even need a USB cable with two plugs for additional power, although that is rare these days. If the drive works on other devices, but not your iOS device, try using a powered hub where the power doesn’t come directly from your device.

No More Hard Times

Hopefully, Apple will add more robust hard drive utilities to future versions of iOS. It’s great to have big-boy computer features such as external hard drive support, but a little frustrating to have no obvious way to fix things when it all goes wrong. 

How To Fix Autoit Error On Windows 10/11

AutoIT error is a persistent problem with many users. It is one of the most sought-after problems on the Microsoft Forum with no clear solutions in sight. The error pops up every time a user boots up their Windows computer. Here is the complete error message. “Line 0 (File “C:GoogleChromeGoogleChrome.a3x”):” “Error: Error opening the file.”

If you use AutoIT and are looking for a solution to remove this error on startup, you’re at the right place. This post will elaborate on the reasons why you are seeing the error message on every system boot. Moreover, you will learn about 6 easy steps to fix the AutoIT error on your system.

What is AutoIT?

AutoIT is a freeware programming language that can create automation scripts. This programming language can help in automating Windows GUI.  AutoIt uses the combination of simulated keystrokes, mouse movement, and window manipulation. Because of all these simulated actions, it is a tool to perform user interface testing.

Causes of AutoIt Error on Windows 10/11

These are all the probable causes for the AutoIt Error on Windows 10/11: 

Your system contains malware.

AutoIT system files are corrupt.

You have enabled some AutoIT scripts to run on startup.

Windows is missing important system files.

Fix AutoIt Error on Windows 10/11

Here are the 6 easy methods to Fix AutoIt Error on Windows 10/11.

Run a Virus Scan

Delete AutoIt entries using File Explorer

Edit the Windows Registry

Remove AutoIt scripts from Windows startup using Autoruns utility

Reinstall AutoIt

Reset Windows

1. Run a Virus Scan

Step 1: Press Win Key + I to launch the Settings app on your PC.

Step 4: Move to the left-hand side menu and select the Virus and Threat protection option. 

Now, sit back and let it scan the system to find traces of malware if any. Remove the identified threats and then restart your system. Check if the AutoIT error still pops up.

2. Delete AutoIt entries using File Explorer

You can try deleting AutoIt entries using File Explorer. This process is manual and may take a lot of time to find malicious files. These files could be present inside the System 32 folder, Program Files, or any other folder. You will have to search your “C Drive” or the entire disk for these files and delete them. Here is a list of all the suspicious file names and folders that you need to delete from your system.




Exterminate It!.exe






3. Edit the Windows Registry

The next best method to remove the AutoIT error is by making changes to the Windows Registry. You will need to delete all the programs that autorun when Windows boots up. The Run registry key houses all the programs which must run on Startup. AutoIT may have modified your registry to autostart on every boot. You need to delete the string values from the Run key. 

Step 1: Press Win Key + I to launch the Run command box. Then type Regedit and press enter key.

Step 2: Paste the following path in the address bar of the Registry Editor. It will take you directly to the Run key.


Repeat this process for all the strings with the type REG_SZ. Then exit the Registry Editor and restart your system. Check if the AutoIT error bothers you on the startup again.

4. Remove AutoIt scripts from Windows startup using Autoruns utility

A probable cause for the AutoIT error can be some AutoIT scripts. You need to remove these scripts to fix the error and have a clean startup. Autoruns for Windows is a utility that can help you identify these scripts which run on startup. You can delete all the scripts that are the source of the AutoIT error. 

Step 2: Once downloaded, open the Autoruns for Windows. You don’t need to install the utility.

Step 3: Now, navigate to the Logon tab in the utility and look for references to a3x and GoogleChrome. You can even search for these programs using the search bar on the top.

Step 4: If you don’t find any entries, open the Everything tab and then search for a3x and Google Chrome again.

Repeat the process for all such suspicious entries. Then Restart your Windows computer to check if the error still exists.

5. Reinstall AutoIt

If deleting registry strings and scripts did no good, you need to reinstall AutoIT on your system. Reinstalling will remove all the old files and configurations. Moreover, the error message on the system startup will also vanish. 

Step 3: Choose the Uninstall option from the context menu.

Step 4: Confirm your selection and then follow the on-screen prompts to uninstall the program.

Step 5: Now, go to the official page of AutoIT and download the appropriate version for your Windows OS.

Install it and then restart your system. Check if any error message pops up like before.

6. Reset Windows

Reinstalling AutoIT must have fixed the AutoIT error. But if you still get the error message on every startup, then you need to Reset Windows. Resetting Windows will uninstall all programs and clear errors in the current build. By Resetting the Windows, you have a chance to go back to an error-free version like before.

Step 1: Press Win Key + I to launch the Settings app. Then, scroll all the way down on the right-hand side, under the System menu.

Step 4: Proceed with the setup and reset your system. 

Step 5: Install the AutoIT again and then check if you get an error message on startup.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is AutoIt a virus?

No. AutoIT is a scripting language used in interface testing. It is not a virus but certain malware can masquerade as AutoIT. So, you need to conduct a deep malware scan and manually delete all the suspicious executable files.

Is AutoIt open source?

AutoIt is an open-source automation language for Windows operating systems. You can download the software from the official site and use it to test scripts. It is completely free to download and use.

How do I install AutoIt?

Visit the official website of AutoIT and download the software. Make sure to choose the appropriate file that your Windows OS will support.

Final Words

This concludes our post on how to fix the AutoIT error on Windows 10/11. AutoIT is a useful tool for testing but the error message points to an existing problem. It could be due to malware like Veronica or due to unnecessary scripts running on startup.

You need to first conduct a deep scan for malware before trying out any other methods. Always create a backup of your registry before making changes to it. Use Windows Reset as a last resort if everything else fails.

Fix I/O Device Error For External Hard Drive On Windows Computer

If you are receiving an I/O Device error when using an external hard drive on a Windows 11/10 computer, then this post will help you fix the problem. The error can occur because of many reasons including disk issues, hardware connectivity, and even driver issues.

Fix I/O Device error for External Hard Drive

You will need a clear understanding of checking hardware, and running system tools on the Windows11/10  PC or Laptop. Follow these suggestions:

Restart your computer and try

Try an alternate USB Port

Check Drive Connection


Update or Reinstall Device Driver

Make sure to use an admin account to resolve this.

1] Restart your computer and try

Restart your computer and try again and see if that works for you.

2] Try an alternate USB Port

Try an alternate USB Port and see if that helps.

3] Check Drive Connection

While the internal drives are connected properly, external devices sometimes face issues with their wiring. It could be the USB port or if you are connecting through the IDE wires, then it could be a loose connection. The hard drive will not properly function if the cable isn’t properly attached.

To fix the problem, you can reattach the wires or try another one. If it’s a PC make sure to turn off the power before attempting it. If you are trying it with an external hard drive, ensure the wires are connecting in the right orientation. If you are using a laptop, ensure it is being attempted by a professional.


It’s a command-line utility that can check the file system and file system metadata of a volume for logical and physical errors. It needs to be used with ith the /f, /r, /x, or /b parameters to fix errors on the volume.

/b:  It works with NTFS only and clears the list of bad clusters on the volume and rescans all allocated and free clusters for errors.

/r: Find physical disk errors in the file system and attempt to recover data from any affected disk sectors.

/f: It can figure out open files on the disk and which have not te been recorded in the FAT Table.

/x: Forces the volume to dismount first so the disk can be checked properly.

Open Windows Terminal or Command Prompt with admin permission, and execute the CHKDSK with one of these options to repair the disk.

5] Update or Reinstall Device Driver

If everything else is working as expected, one more attempt can be taken to update the drivers. It can be achieved in multiple ways:

OEM Website: Most of the OEMs offer software or offer a dedicated download page on their website. You can run the installer and the driver for the hard disk will be updated or installed.

Third-party software: There are a lot of third-party driver updaters that allow you to find the driver and install it. They can find the latest driver update which makes it easy to install it.

If none of these methods work, then the problem is with the external drive, and you may want to change it.  I hope the post is useful to get you a clear idea of how the problem can be resolved, and if not lead to help you figure out the issue with the external drive.

What is an IO device?

IO or Input-Output is a hardware device that is used to communicate with the computer. IO device can be anything including a keyboard, mouse, monitor, and so on.

How do I initialize a hard drive with an IO error?

You can do it, but it would be best to figure out any hardware or software issue related to it. Once you are done checking through the CHKDSK tool, you can then use the disk management tool to initialize the disk.

What do I do if Disk won’t initialize in Windows?

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