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Delhi is emerging as India’s EV capital by providing subsidies to early EV adopters

Delhi is emerging as India’s electric vehicle capital, with electric vehicles accounting for 9.3% of all vehicle purchases in the city so far this year. For the past three years, the sales of electric two-wheelers and cars had increased exponentially by 425% and 257% annually (source – FADA). The initiative started with the central and state government mandate of providing subsidies to early EV adopters. The rise in the sales of EVs gave confidence to OEMs to ramp up their production capacity. Customers using EV fleet services in Delhi enjoy their rides by using electric cars from their homes, and offices to the airports and beyond. The entire electric vehicle network will be managed by creating charging infrastructure networks on the busiest routes. There are many charging point operators (CPOs) working in this space, making charging infrastructure networks more accessible and allowing EV fleet operators to go farther if needed. Although utilization of chargers in Delhi-NCR has been under 15% as of 2023 and it is projected to increase by 10-15% by end of this year. According to surveys, a few companies based out of Delhi NCR are working in the field of development of EV chargers well before the EV buzz happened in INDIA. A few names are Exicom, Delta, EVI Technologies, and Okaya. The companies did get early orders through government tenders and corporates as OEMs. Nowadays, it is not only about designing & manufacturing but service & operation part of the product, which really matters. A few companies like Static, Bolt, etc., cover most of the NCR market in terms of charging point presence, as charger operation services offer low-cost slow chargers at suitable locations. Speaking of the initial solution providers, with the exception of EVI Technologies, they are all focused on manufacturing EV chargers to meet the needs of PAN India by the private and government sectors. EVI Tech started as a design house from the IIT Delhi campus to solve the slow charging and lack of charging infrastructure problem in INDIA. EVI Technologies took the initiative to build charging stations in INDIA to improve the product design and user experience. EVI Technologies is also now managing fast charging networks as a technology partner to several OEMs and Operators in Delhi and also working on the government’s Electric National Highway initiative along with Exicom, Delta & Okaya. Home Grown start-ups like EVI Technologies that have solved local problems will complete the entire ecosystem with new entrants like static & Bolt to make Delhi the electric vehicle capital of the country. According to Mr. Rupesh, CEO of EVI Technologies “Apart from the availability of chargers, one of the major issues surrounding charging of EVs is their charging time. Therefore, multitasking vehicle charging with other activities can be a win-win proposition.” He also added, “We are committed to not just providing an EV charging facility but also to collaborating with Delhi Government for increasing awareness about Electric Vehicles among our consumers.”  

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Royal Bank Of Canada Has Become Embroiled In A Privacy Scandal Engulfing Facebook

Royal Bank of Canada is becoming embroiled in a solitude scandal engulfing Facebook once it emerged that the societal media seemed to supply a raft of Enormous Tech businesses with privileged access to consumer accounts.

Based on internal documents unearthed from the New York Times, Facebook has provided a number of the world’s biggest businesses more sensitive access to consumer information than it’s previously revealed.

Facebook admits that it didn’t think about any of the 3 firms to be service suppliers. Spokespeople for both Spotify and Netflix state they had been unaware of their broad forces Facebook had given them.

Spotify, which might see messages of over 70 million users per month, nevertheless gives the choice to share music via Facebook Messenger. However, Netflix, as well as the Canadian bank, no longer desired access to messages since they’d deactivated attributes that included it.

In a blog post, Facebook has contested the allegations it gave employers access to data without people’s consent but admits:”We all recognise that we have wanted tighter control over how spouses and programmers can get information using our APIs. We are already in the process of reviewing our APIs as well as the partners that will get them.”

Qualifications Of The Vice President In India

Part IV of the Indian Constitution outlines the requirements for becoming Vice President of India. The Vice President holds the second-highest constitutional office in the country and is essential to the running of the Indian political system. Further, the Vice-President shall be ex officio Chairman of the Council of the States or Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Parliament) and shall not hold any other office of profit.

Qualifications of the Vice President

According to the Article 66 of the Indian Constitution, a candidate for Vice President of India must meet the following requirements −

Citizenship − A person must be a citizen of India to become the Vice President.

Age − A person must have attained the age of 35 years to become the Vice President.

Qualifications for Membership of Rajya Sabha − A person must possess the qualifications required for membership of the Rajya Sabha, which is the upper house of the Indian Parliament. These qualifications include being a registered voter and possessing certain educational and professional qualifications.

Not a Member of Parliament or State Legislature − A person who is a member of either House of Parliament or of a state legislature is not eligible to become the Vice President of India.

In addition to the aforementioned qualifications, the Indian Constitution mandates that the Vice President of India take an oath or affirmation prior to assuming office. The oath or affirmation is delivered by the President of India or a representative designated by him/her in that capacity.

The Vice President is elected for a five-year term, and future terms are possible.

The Constitution of India governs the procedure for the election of the Vice President in India. Article 66 of the Constitution stipulates that the Vice President is chosen by an Electoral College comprised of members of both houses of Parliament. There are 790 members in the Electoral College for the vice-presidential election. This covers all Lok Sabha members (lower house of Parliament) and Rajya Sabha members (upper house of Parliament).

Similar to that of the President, the Vice President of India is elected through a similar method. The procedure begins with the Election Commission of India issuing a notification calling for the election of the Vice President. The Returning Officer, who is often the Secretary-General of the Rajya Sabha, is where candidates must submit their nominations in order to run for office.

Comparative Evaluation with the USA

In the United States, a candidate for Vice President must meet the following requirements −

Citizen of the United States through birth.

Has attained 35 years of age.

Has resided in the United States for at least fourteen years.

The Vice President of the United States is elected by the Electoral College, a body of representatives selected by the citizens of each state.

Difference Between Qualification of VP in USA and India

In some ways, the requirements for becoming the Vice President of India and the United States are similar, while in others they are distinct.

In India, a person is eligible for the position of Vice President if he or she is an Indian citizen, has reached the age of 35, possesses the criteria for membership in the Rajya Sabha, and is neither a member of Parliament nor a state legislature. An Electoral College composed of members of both Houses of Parliament elects the Vice President.

In contrast, in the United States, a person may become Vice President provided he or she is a natural-born citizen of the United States, is at least 35 years old, and has been a resident of the country for at least 14 years. The Vice President is chosen by the Electoral College, a body of representatives elected by the citizens of each state.

Therefore, while both India and the United States require the Vice President to be a citizen of their respective countries and have a minimum age requirement, India also requires the Vice President to possess the qualifications necessary for membership in the Rajya Sabha and prohibits current members of Parliament or state legislatures from holding the office. In contrast, the United States requires the Vice President to be a citizen born in the country and a long-term resident.

Conclusion

The requirements for becoming Vice President of India are clearly outlined in the Indian Constitution. The Vice President occupies an important constitutional position and is essential to the running of the Indian political system. The office of Vice President of India has been exposed to numerous legal challenges over the years, resulting in the Indian judiciary establishing significant precedents.

The Indian Constitution specifies in detail the requirements for becoming Vice President of India. These requirements ensure that only qualified candidates may hold this vital constitutional position. The Vice President of India plays a crucial role in the operation of the Indian political system and serves as a crucial check on the President’s authority.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. Can an individual serving in a state legislature become India’s Vice President?

Ans. No, a member of either House of Parliament or a state legislature is ineligible for the position of Vice President of India.

Q2. Exists a provision for the vice president of India to be impeached?

Ans. There is no provision for the Vice President of India to be impeached. A resolution passed by the Rajya Sabha and approved by the Lok Sabha is required to remove the Vice President from office.

Q3. Can the Vice President of India be prosecuted for any criminal offence committed while in office?

Ans. No, the Vice President of India enjoys immunity from criminal prosecution during his or her term in office.

Role Of Science & Technology In India

Role of Science & Technology In India

Over a period of time, India has progressively and perceptibly paved way for development in the field of Science and Technology.

Areas of Development

Higher education

Scientific research and development

Technological development

Advancement of agricultural system

Development of space science and technology

Development of medical science and technology

Development of infrastructure

Information and communication technology

Development of various fields of engineering (including software, chemical, mechanical, civil, electrical, electronic, etc.)

Because of the development in all spheres of Science and technology, today, India is unquestionably a leading developing country in the world.

Science & Technology and Industry in India

Over the recent past, Science and Technology has made tremendous contribution towards the settlement of industries in India.

After the independence, it was not possible for India to depend on other countries for various aspects of development; therefore, the development of indigenous technology was indispensable for the overall development of a country.

Thankfully, today, Indian technologies and companies are as competent as in other developed countries. India is also a lead in various fields, and is a tough competitor for other countries.

If we discuss about the skilled human resources, many Indians are at top-notch positions in leading companies.

Indian industries started flourishing post 1990, i.e., the landmark era. Globalization, liberalization, and privatization, facilitated this growth. The industries catering to Information & Technology, Atomic Energy, Automotive, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Pharmaceutical, Petroleum, etc. have increased at global level.

For consistent and efficient growth, various initiatives have been taken by establishing the following organizations −

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) center

Department of Science and Technology (DST)

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMA)

Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES)

Central Drug Research Institute

Centre for the Study of Developing Societies

Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute

Central Food Technological Research Institute

Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI)

Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering

Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture

Central Soil Salinity Research Institute

Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST)

Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR)

Institute of Economic Growth

Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB)

National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT)

National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research

National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)

Likewise, there are dozens of other such scientific research centers, which have been set up for the overall economic growth of the country.

Science & Technology and Society in India

The growth, peace, and security of a society is directly related to the development of the technology; as Science and Technology in a way influences the development as well as security of the society.

Consider the following points to understand how the security of a society is directly related to the development of the technology −

CCTV Camera at various locations (especially at public places) is one of the best examples of keeping crime under surveillance and it also provides a sense of security to the people.

The job of the police has become easier, as police can trace criminals easily.

People, who are residing in even very remote part of the country, have the benefit of entertaining themselves and upgrading their knowledge through the different programmes broadcast on television (with dozens of channels).

Telecommunications network towers have been set up at the remotest of the remote regions too.

Therefore, Science and Technology is like a boon for the overall scientific and economic development of the country.

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Sam Piroj Bharucha: Former Chief Justice Of India

Justice Sam Piroj Bharucha was born on November 1st, 1936. He is an Indian lawyer who subsequently became a judge of the Supreme Court. He served as CJI for more than a year. Justice Bharucha authored 344 decisions and was a part of 1307 bench in his entire career. He is renowned for his opinions on constitutional issues. He was preceded by Justice Adarsh Sein Anand and succeeded by Justice Bhupinder Nath Kirpal.

Early Life and Education

He was born in Sikkim. He was raised in a well-known Hindu family. He has done Bachelor of Science and later on attain Bachelor Degree of Law.

Career

Justice Sam Piroj Bharucha began his legal career during the following time period −

In 1960, he started his legal career as a Bombay High Court attorney.

In 1977, he was appointed an additional judge.

In 1978, his position as a judge was declared permanent, and in 1991, he was named Chief Justice of the Karnataka High Court.

He was appointed as a Judge to the Supreme Court of India in 1992, and lateron, in 2001 he was made Chief Justice of India.

Fact

Detail

Name Sam Piroj Bharucha

Date of Birth 1st November, 1936

Alma Matar Unknown

Official Tenure 11th January, 2001 – 6th May, 2002

President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Preceded Adarsh Sein Anand

Succeeded Bhupinder Nath Kirpal

Additional Judge of Bombay High Court

Permanent Judge of Bombay High Court

Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court

Judge of the Supreme Court

Chief Justice of India

Notable Judgement

The notable judgments are −

B.R. Kapoor vs. State Of Tamil Nadu ((2001) 7 SCC 231)

In the current case, the bench determined that no one who was barred from serving in the State legislature due to a criminal conviction and subsequent sentence of incarceration may be chosen chief minister. This decision was made mostly via the reasoning of Bharucha J. It accomplished this by combining the reading of Article 164(1) with Article 164(4). Jayalalitha was relieved of her duties as Tamil Nadu’s chief minister as a result of the case’s ruling.

Supreme Court Bar Association vs. Union Of India ((1998) 225 SC)

The present case brought up the issue of whether or not the Supreme Court might suspend a lawyer’s licence as a form of punishment when the lawyer was found guilty of contempt of court. The panel, which included Justice Bharucha, determined that it was improper for the Court to assume control over and carry out the operations of other statutory authorities. Hence, it was found that the Bar Council of India has the authority to suspend licences in the relevant case and that courts must exercise their jurisdiction under Article 142 in a reasonable manner.

Supreme Court Of India vs. Civil Advisory Jurisdiction ((1994) 6 SCC 360)

The word “consultation with the Chief Justice” under Article 217(1) of the Constitution implied consultation with a plurality of judges rather than simply the CJI, according to Justice S P Bharucha, who spoke on behalf of himself and Ahmadi J. in the present case. The Bench additionally ruled that the CJI must communicate with the four senior-most Supreme Court judges whenever a judge is transferred between high courts or appointed to the Supreme Court. Also, the CJI is expected to speak with at least the two senior-most Supreme Court judges before appointing a judge to a High Court.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Who had appointed Justice Bharucha as the Chief Justice of India?

Ans. The former President K. R. Narayanan had appointed Justice Bharucha as the chief justice of India.

Q2. Who appoints the President of India?

Ans. The elected members of both Houses of Parliament, as well as the elected members of the state and the union territories’ legislatures, make up the Electoral College that elect the president.

Q3. Which fund gives a salary to the Judges of the Supreme Court?

Ans. The Consolidated Fund of India gives salaries to the President of India.

H L Dattu Former Chief Justice Of India

Having been born the year the Indian Constitution was adopted and enrolling in law school precisely 25 years later, Justice Dattu has come a long way in his life since he first began practicing law in Bangalore, where he focused on tax, civil, criminal, and constitutional issues. Justice Dattu was appointed as a judge of the High Court of Karnataka on December 18, 1995.

Personal Details

On December 3, 1950, in the village of Chikkapattanagere in Karnataka’s Chikmagalur district, Handyala Lakshminarayanaswamy Dattu was born. English instructor H. L. Narayanaswamy was his father. He finished his elementary schooling in Kadur, Tarikere, and Birur before relocating to Bangalore to do his LLB.

Carrier

Justice Dattu was born the year the Indian Constitution was adopted and enrolled in law school exactly 25 years later, when he was appointed India’s 41st Chief Justice. With a focus on taxation, civil, criminal, and constitutional law, Justice Dattu began his legal career in Bangalore. He previously held positions as Chief Justice of the Kerala High Court and the Chhattisgarh High Court before being elevated to the Supreme Court of India’s bench in 2008. On September 28, 2014, he was named Chief Justice of India, a position he held for just fourteen months before resigning on December 2, 2024.

He served on the panel that commuted Devinder Pal Singh Bhullar’s death sentence to life in prison because of his mental condition and the government’s excessive delay in responding to his petition for compassion. This decision broadened the application of Indian law to instances involving death sentences. Dattu became the seventh chairperson of the national human rights commission when he took office as chair of the Indian National Human Rights Commission in February 2024.

Dattu is renowned for his love of laborious labor. He calls S. Rajendra Babu, a former CJI, his guru. He has also made contributions to the social service sector through groups like the Rotary Club. He also appreciates Carnatic music. He is regarded as a disciplinarian and well-known for his diligence.

Fact Detail NameHandyala Lakshminarayanaswamy Dattu Date of Birth3rd December 1950, Chikkapattanagere, Mysore Alma MaterBachelor of Laws from Bengaluru Official Tenure18th December 1995 – 2nd December 2024 PresidentPranab Mukherjee Preceded byRajendra Mall Lodha Succeeded byT.S. Thakur As Judge

Judge of Karnataka High Court

Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh High Court

Chief Justice of Kerala High Court

Judge of Supreme Court

Chief Justice of India

Notable Decision

Justice Dattu issued a number of important rulings. He served on the panel that commuted Devinder Pal Singh Bhullar’s death sentence to life in prison due to his mental illness and the government’s excessive delay in responding to his appeal for mercy, changing the legal landscape in India for cases involving death sentences. In addition, Justice Dattu presided over the bench that exonerated 11 people accused of violating anti-terror laws, reminding Gujarat police that no innocent person should be labeled a terrorist and imprisoned merely because he is a member of a minority group.

While granting bail to five big corporations in the 2G case, Justice Dattu issued a landmark decision declaring that “bail is the rule and jail is the exception.” “The courts owe more than rhetorical deference to the idea that punishment begins after conviction, and that every man is deemed innocent until duly tried and formally proven guilty,” he remarked, co-authoring this decision with Justice G. S. Singhvi on the bench.

Justice Dattu upheld press freedom by overturning an Allahabad High Court ruling that instructed the Center to forbid media from reporting on the contentious army movements close to the national capital in 2012.

The black money issue, which had been put on hold for a while, made headlines once more when Justice Dattu dismissed the UPA government’s appeal and began hearing the case. He immediately authorised the Special Investigation Team’s formation, which had been mandated by the Supreme Court back in 2011. He served on the Constitution Bench that ruled Kerala’s law limiting the water level in the Mullaperiyar dam to 136 feet was “unconstitutional” while upholding Tamil Nadu’s legal rights.

Dattu’s humane approach to the justice system is well known. In a well-known instance, he provided justice to a senior citizen who had filed a complaint against a bank that had rejected her granddaughter’s application for a job because the deadline had passed. He disregarded this deadline and requested that the bank treat it as an exceptional circumstance, citing the elderly woman’s lack of education and inability to comprehend the rules as well as her general helplessness. In 2007, while serving as the High Court of Chhattisgarh’s Chief Justice, he issued a ruling defending the permanent employment status of all temporary contract workers there.

Disputes Connected with Dattu

Before he was appointed chief justice, Dattu was accused of corruption. In his blog posts, Justice Katju addressed the subject and urged for Dattu to be removed from office due to allegations of corruption. Additionally, he is charged with favoritism and delivering biased judgments. He has publicly lauded Narendra Modi, the leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), who is the Indian prime minister. Dattu also generated controversy when he demanded the identification of those who had exposed the 2G spectrum fraud whistleblowers.

FAQs

Q1. Who appointed H L Dattu as the chief justice of India?

Ans. Former President Pranab Mukherjee, appointed him as the chief justice of India.

Q2. How many courts, H L Dattu served before being appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of India.

Ans. Before being appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court, Justice Dattu served three High Courts namely, Karnataka High Court, Chhattisgarh High Court, and Kerala High Court.

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