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ALSO SEE: Is SaaS Working for You? Survey by Datamation/THINKstrategies
AND: 85 Cloud Computing Vendors Shaping the Emerging Cloud
Today’s cloud-based alternatives to traditional, on-premise, legacy applications are gaining customer adoption because of their rapid-time-to-value and limited risks. However, as this web-based business model matures, some of its business practices are beginning to resemble those of its predecessors – and that isn’t necessarily a good thing.
Of particular concern is the way in which some of the cloud computing vendors contract for their services. Although Amazon’s EC2 has revolutionized the way raw computing power is priced and delivered as a highly elastic resource – procurable in very small increments – many Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) vendors offer less flexible options.
While most of today’s SaaS solutions are still far more cost-effective and flexible than their legacy ancestors, they are still fall short of fulfilling the promise the industry has established for itself.
Part of the problem is a practical one. It isn’t realistic to roll-out an enterprise application for brief time increments. It takes a lot of preparation, integration and training to deploy and generate meaningful value over time. This means that the user organization and SaaS vendor alike have to make a sufficient time commitment to implement the ‘on-demand’ application in order to ensure its success.
There are also provisioning issues which still need to be resolved. Surprisingly, many SaaS vendors offering enterprise applications don’t have a sophisticated provisioning engine to permit instantaneous on-boarding of new users. Not all have consistent access control mechanisms for terminating users when their subscription subsides or when corporate customers make job cuts.
And, of course, many SaaS vendors have been well-served by locking their customers into long-term contracts to ensure reliable revenue streams.
Any customer frustration which may have arisen in response to these SaaS vendor shortcomings hasn’t slowed the growth of the industry, or its ability to inspire new forms of web-based services, such as Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS).
Last week, RightNow decided the time had come to shine a light on these questionable contracting practices. It issued a “Cloud Challenge” in a classic “Emperor has no clothes” fashion. It took aim at incumbent software vendors (ISVs) trying to pawn off their hosted services as true SaaS, and at SaaS vendors failing to fulfill the promise of truly on-demand, subscription services.
RightNow challenged the SaaS industry to provide greater visibility and predictability in the contracting process. It put its ‘money where its mouth is’ by publishing its new Cloud Services Agreement (CSA), which includes:
• Annual Usage Alignment Up or Down
• Three-Year Price Commitment, Plus Three-Year Renewal Price Cap
• Annual Termination for Convenience
• Annual Pools of Capacity
• Cash Service Level Credits
• Unlimited Capacity for 90-Day Pilots
RightNow’s challenge and CSA will make it even more difficult for legacy ISVs to match today’s SaaS/cloud computing leaders. RightNow is also trying to reset the competitive playing field within the SaaS/cloud computing industry by shifting some of the focus away from the industry’s marketing hype to more practical contracting practices which must fulfill the promise.
It will be interesting to see if RightNow’s efforts strike a nerve and spark latent customer frustration with SaaS industry contracting practices. What’s your opinion: will RightNow’s challenge change the way IT and business decision-makers evaluate and select their SaaS and cloud computing vendors? Comment below.
(Disclosure: I did a whitepaper project for RightNow in 2005.)
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Cloud computing security is a hot topic these days. Last week, we covered 7 emerging cloud security vendors who are doing their best to make cloud computing every bit as secure – if not more so – than on-premise computing.
Last week’s story featured the likes of Okta, SecureAuth and Symplified. In other words, it was heavy on identity management and access controls – two of the most critical components of secure cloud computing.
This week, we look at virtualization security, security for e-commerce transactions, cloud-based data loss protection and more. Here are 7 more cloud security up-and-comers:
What Problem Do they Solve? With high-profile security breaches, such as those that hit TJX, the VA, the FAA, the DoD, and, well, this list could go on and on, data-loss protection is a critical issue for all organizations. It’s especially an issue for those that must comply with regulations like PCI-DSS, FISMA and HIPPA.
The problem with current Data Loss Protection (DLP) solutions, according to Brad Miller, CEO of Awareness Tech, is that they sit within the corporate network and therefore act in a manner similar to traditional perimeter security. They work well when integrated with Outlook or when blocking USB ports on laptops.
When users are disconnected from the corporate network, when they access their own personal web-based email accounts or when they are using an array of mobile devices, traditional DLP doesn’t keep up.
In other words, Awareness Tech argues that traditional DLP (“traditional” may be a stretch since this is still a fairly new space) is not up to snuff when it comes to cloud computing and mobility.
What they Do: Awareness Tech focuses on insider security risks through its InterGuard suite of products that offer DLP, web filtering, employee monitoring, mobile monitoring and mobile device recovery, remote data retrieval and wiping, and remote tracking (for both recovery and forensic purposes).
Why they’re an up-and-comer? InterGuard is a cloud-based solution designed to bolster security in a world increasingly moving to the cloud and to mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. The company is backed by $6 million in VC and private funding and is both revenue and cash-flow positive.
One of key features of the InterGuard suite is that when a device is lost or stolen, InterGuard will track what’s happening on the device. In industries rife with corporate espionage and IP theft, if a thief logs into an email account, you’ll have a record of it. If the person signs into Facebook or some other social networking site, you’ll know who they are. And, of course, with built-in geolocation, you’ll be able to alert the authorities to track them down and recover the device.
Customers include NASA, the Department of Justice, Allstate, IBM and Wells Fargo.
What Problem Do they Solve? Within virtualized environments, maintaining security without hindering end user accessibility can seem like an uphill battle. Too often, one is sacrificed for the other – and security is what is most often sacrificed. Gartner studies report that up to 60% of virtualization environments are less secure than their physical counterparts, leading the enterprise to be understandably apprehensive when it comes to virtualization and cloud computing.
Moreover, a majority of breaches are caused by simple misconfigurations or inappropriate user privileges. In a virtual environment, a single misconfiguration, if exploited, could lead to a major incident.
What they Do: Instead of focusing only on the security requirements of VM operating systems, HyTrust addresses security, multi-tenancy and compliance for both cloud and virtual environments. The HyTrust virtual appliance provides access control, policy enforcement, and audit-quality logging for vSphere, Nexus and UCS.
Why they’re an up-and-comer? HyTrust addresses a key vulnerability in an increasingly large market. Without policy enforcement and access control, virtual and cloud environments pose serious risks. The company is backed by $16 million in funding from Cisco Systems, Granite Ventures, Trident Capital and Epic Ventures. Customers include Pepsi, AMD, GEICO, State of Michigan, US Navy, Netflix, and Hudson News.
What Problem Do they Solve? Malware. Viruses. Web-based worms. No matter how small the network a bevy of new and increasingly dangerous security threats loom just beyond the perimeter. Attackers are increasingly quick to discover new vulnerabilities and to exploit them.
Thus, taking a proactive approach to managing patches and plugging known vulnerabilities must be a priority for IT.
To adapt to new threats, many organizations have turned to deep-packet-level inspection. But small- to medium-sized businesses have different needs – and smaller budgets – than larger enterprises. SMBs have limited funds and few (or no) personnel to devote to endpoint management. Many also lack the necessary security expertise to repel evolving threats, even if they do have the bodies to throw at the problem. These businesses need a lower-cost, turnkey solution for their patch, asset and security remediation needs.
What they Do: Shavlik’s Cloud Patch is a web-based scanner that detects missing security patches for both the OS and third-party products that are installed locally. Using Shavlik’s technologies, any IT administrator can launch the Shavlik scanner through a browser. The scanner will then agentlessly detect all of the missing security patches. Scanning is executed without forcing IT to change firewall ports or otherwise lower the security perimeter. Cloud Patch also delivers tools for asset management and remediation.
Why they’re an up-and-comer? While a majority of competitors are taking a perimeter management approach to securing SMB networks, Shavlik is one of the few security vendors offering a scanning and patch-management solution from the cloud. This approach delivers a more flexible, scalable solution with significantly lower TCO.
Shavlik has been around for almost 20 years, so why are they an up-and-comer? Simple: cloud security is a land grab right now, and Shavlik is busy grabbing land in the much neglected SMB space. Shavlik claims 200,000 customers worldwide, and says it has delivered over 600,000 patches to tens of thousands of endpoints worldwide.
Several security partners have embedded Shavlik’s technology into their own solutions, including BMC, Dell KACE, Symantec and Scriptlogic.
What Problem Do they Solve: Commerce and online sales will only continue to rise in the coming years. Forrester Research projectsthat by 2014, US online sales will comprise nearly 8% of all retail sales in the country, equaling almost $250 billion dollars. For thieves, though, the steady growth of online sales presents countless opportunities.
Unlike brick and mortar retailers, online merchants only have credit card numbers and a few key personal identifiers to rely on when processing online transactions. Inherent limitations to the market (e.g., you can’t check the person’s ID over the web) make it tough to sort out the frauds from valued consumers. And with more retailers moving to a multichannel sales model to increase online presence and revenue, there is also the potential threat of vulnerabilities in making this transition online.
What they Do: Verifi’s solution to this problem starts with analyzing a company’s transaction history and comparing it to historical data. This data is used to develop specific rules for the merchant that prevent fraud but don’t over-reject transactions. Merchants then tailor and scale a solution to their specific needs and experience. Verifi’s software works with partner solutions, like ThreatMetrix (included in last week’s article. Verifi works with partner solutions to leverage multiple data points before accepting a transaction. A few examples include geo-location, device finger-printing, internal databases and fraud filters.
Why they’re an up-and-comer? Online fraud is an enormous problem, and anything to help e-merchants cope will have a decent chance of success. The US Department of Commerce stated that in Q3 2010 ecommerce sales increased 14.1% compare to the year prior, versus 5.8% over the same period for physical retail. Ecommerce currently represents only about 5% of the total sales in the US, so there’s huge room for growth. Verifi intends to capitalize on that growth by mitigating the risks that will plague those moving their sales online.
What Problem Do they Solve? Clients want to ensure that their confidential information – such as financial and personal information – is safe from theft. But critical information must be available on demand for various business processes. If traditional encryption methods are not compliant with data in the cloud, this inhibits the data from being accessed at critical moments.
What they Do: Voltage enables the protection of confidential enterprise data when it’s in use in, being processed in, or stored in the cloud in a way that allows it to still be used for a variety of business processes. This is accomplished by cryptographic technologies and simplified key management. Identity-Based Encryption (IBE), Format-Preserving Encryption (FPE) and tokenization, data masking and other technologies allow data to be protected inside and outside the cloud. Even if external attackers or malicious insiders gain access to the data, they won’t be able to decipher it.
Why they’re an up-and-comer? According to Ponemon Institute, enterprises now spend, on average, more than $6.65 million to recover from a single data breach. Entire security spaces, such as DLP, have emerged to target the breach-prevention market.
Voltage is backed by more than $42 million in VC funding and has an impressive client and partner roster, including Heartland Payment Systems, Microsoft, AT&T, CUNA Mutual, Kodak, Wells Fargo, WatchGuard, and Websense.
What Problem Do they Solve? It’s no secret that the perimeter, hardware-based networking and security model doesn’t quite work in the cloud. Traditional edge networking and security has not been modernized the way server and storage infrastructure has been over the past decade. According to Vyatta, the next generation of infrastructure must be delivered as an application that maps to the elastic model of the cloud in order to keep up.
Some vendors in hardware-based routing and security are tying services to virtual switches or providing firewall-only virtual machines, both of which represent a continuation of the sort of vendor lock that many organizations are hoping the cloud will break. This doesn’t just fall short of meeting cloud network architecture requirements (on-demand, elastic, mobile, platform neutral, limited footprint), but it also limits cloud developers’ ability to properly protect virtual machines and users in a multi-tenant environment.
Why they’re an up-and-comer? The company is backed by more than $28 million in VC funding and claims to have over one thousand customers and tens of thousands of software and appliance installations around the world. Fortune 500 customers include Toyota, EMC, Honeywell and CBS.
What Problem Do they Solve? Data breaches, insider threats and cloud-based vulnerabilities all tax traditional security. For instance, when employees at an organization fall victim to an attack, be it a phishing attack or malware on a device used for both business and personal use, they can unknowingly bring malware into the corporate network, which can easily add up to millions of dollars in productivity or IP loss.
What they Do: Zscaler provides “policy-based secure internet access for any employee, on any device, anywhere.” Through “innovations in its massively scalable cloud architecture,” the Zscaler Security Cloud provides an ultra-low latency SaaS security solution that requires neither hardware nor software to function properly.
Customers include La-Z-Boy, HDFC (India’s largest home mortgage company), HCR ManorCare, LANCO Group and Crutchfield.
The rate of innovation in the mobile computing space is starting to render traditional means of acquiring mobile computing software and devices obsolete. Now emerging are new models that make it simpler to consume a device-as-a-service format.
Historically, IT organizations would purchase devices that they wrote off over the span of three to five years. This was fine in an era when operating system and application upgrades came every few years. But with the rise of subscription services, software upgrades are now continuous, and a device bought even two years ago starts to become noticeably slower after a series of application upgrades. As the number of applications on the device increases over time, the end user experience degrades.
To make matters more challenging, employees now regularly need to access files and applications on Windows systems using any number of type of mobile computing devices. To address this issue, a bevy of desktop-as-a-service (DaaS) offerings arose, based primarily on virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) technologies. Rather than buying hardware, many organizations are now also starting to take DaaS to the next logical level by looking at device-as-a-service models.
Going Beyond Hardware
This approach is based on a subscription that applies to both the software and the hardware, and has the software locally deployed through any type of device. In fact, a model originally applied to software running on smartphones is now extending to PCs, tablets and mobile devices to create a new device-as-a-service model that embeds hardware upgrades into a multiyear contract.Not Yet a Samsung Partner?
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Distributors such as Ingram Micro and Tech Data have both kicked off subscription services designed to allow channel partners to bundle hardware as part of the service, significantly lowering the total initial cost of becoming a managed service provider (MSP).
Of course, the best part of having this capability is that it puts the solution provider in position to layer any number of higher-margin management and security services on top of that core subscription service.
A Model Driven by Cloud
A small cadre of managed service providers have been providing some variation of these type of services for years. But with the rise of cloud computing, there’s a lot more customers that want to treat every aspect of IT as an operational expense — including devices and services. Rather than having to allocate limited budget dollars to acquiring devices and software, many organizations now prefer to pay a monthly fee based on the number of active users they have employed. This also provides a level of flexibility that businesses crave, since this format allows them to add and subtract users as needed.
Naturally, this shift has major implications for the business models of solution providers. Reselling equipment brings in immediate revenue that many solution providers then use to pay their vendor partners once the deal is made official. Managed services require a different business model where the solution provider is compensated every month.
In some instances, solution providers are availing themselves of financing from vendors to help make that transition. In other cases, a new class of cloud solution and device providers are emerging that are not beholden to legacy business models. Regardless of where any given solution provider starts their journey, however, there’s no getting away from the simple fact that the way hardware is acquired and consumed is about to be utterly changed.
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Cloud computing has revolutionized the way businesses operate in the digital age, providing an efficient and cost-effective way to manage data and applications. Amazon Web Services (AWS) is one of the leading cloud computing service providers in the world, offering a wide range of services including storage, database management, machine learning, and more.
AWS has been instrumental in enabling companies to scale their operations in a flexible and customizable manner. However, it is important to have alternative options for cloud computing services to avoid vendor lock-in and ensure that businesses have access to diverse technologies that best suit their needs.
Additionally, having alternative options can give you leverage when it comes to negotiating prices and contracts. If you’re locked into using one provider, you might not have as much negotiating power.Google Cloud Platform (GCP)
If you’re in the market for an AWS alternative, Google Cloud Platform (GCP) is a great option to consider. GCP provides a range of cloud computing services, including compute, storage, networking, and more. It has a user-friendly interface and is known for its flexibility and scalability.
GCP is built on the same infrastructure that Google uses internally for its own services like Google Search and YouTube. This means that GCP is designed to handle massive amounts of traffic and data processing.
One of the standout features of GCP is its machine learning capabilities. GCP provides a range of machine learning tools, including custom models and pre-trained APIs, which can be used by developers to build intelligent applications.
In terms of pricing, GCP offers a pay-as-you-go model with no upfront costs or termination fees. This allows users to only pay for what they use, making it a cost-effective option for businesses of all sizes.Comparison of GCP and AWS features
When it comes to cloud computing services, Amazon Web Services (AWS) is often the first name that comes to mind. However, it’s important to have alternative options available when it comes to your cloud computing needs. One such alternative is the Google Cloud Platform (GCP).
When comparing GCP and AWS features, there are similarities and differences between the two services. Both offer virtual machines, storage options, and networking capabilities. However, GCP has a more diverse range of machine types available for use and also provides live migrations for virtual machines.
On the downside, GCP may not have as many third-party integrations compared to AWS. Additionally, while GCP does have a global network of data centers, it may not be as extensive as AWS’ network.
Ultimately, choosing between GCP and AWS will depend on your individual business needs. If you’re looking for a more cost-effective option with a focus on machine learning capabilities and easy integration with other Google products, then GCP may be the way to go. However, if you need a more extensive network of data centers and third-party integrations then AWS may be the better option for you.✅ Advantages of Using GCP Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing service that provides a broad range of services and features for running applications and storing data. Azure is one of the best alternatives to AWS, offering similar services and capabilities.
With Azure, you can deploy applications in the cloud or run them on virtual machines. Additionally, you can easily scale up or down your resources depending on your needs, making it a great option for businesses of all sizes.
One of the unique features of Azure is its compatibility with Microsoft products. This means that if you’re already using Microsoft products like Windows Server or SQL Server, you can easily integrate them with your cloud applications using Azure.
Azure’s data analytics services are also noteworthy. It offers machine learning and AI capabilities to help businesses analyze their data and make better decisions based on insights gained from their analytics.
Overall, if you’re already invested in Microsoft technology or looking for a highly scalable and flexible cloud computing service with robust analytics capabilities, then Azure could be an excellent choice for your business.Comparison of Azure and AWS features
Comparing Azure and AWS is like comparing apples to oranges. Both cloud platforms offer similar services, but differ in their approach to cloud computing. Azure is more enterprise-focused, while AWS is more developer-friendly.
One of the main differences between the two platforms is their pricing models. AWS offers a pay-as-you-go model, while Azure has a more complicated pricing structure. On the other hand, Azure provides more flexibility in terms of virtual machine sizes and configurations.
Both platforms offer a wide range of services, including compute, storage, networking, and databases. However, AWS has a wider range of available services and features than Azure. For example, AWS offers more options for containers and serverless computing.
One area where Azure outshines AWS is its integration with Microsoft’s other products and services such as Office 365 and Active Directory. This makes it an ideal choice for enterprises that are already heavily invested in Microsoft products.✅ Advantages DigitalOcean
DigitalOcean is a cloud computing platform that offers developers an easy-to-use, affordable, and scalable alternative to AWS. With data centers located in major cities around the world, DigitalOcean provides cloud infrastructure services such as virtual machines (VMs), object storage, load balancers, and firewalls.
Compared to AWS, DigitalOcean has a smaller scope of services but is more focused on providing reliable and affordable infrastructure for small to medium-sized businesses or individual developers.✅ Advantages
User-Friendly Interface: DigitalOcean offers a simple and easy-to-use interface that allows users to easily manage their virtual servers, databases, and other resources. This makes it a good choice for small businesses or startups with limited technical expertise.
Cost-Effective: DigitalOcean pricing is much lower compared to other cloud providers like AWS, Azure, or GCP. This makes it an attractive option for small businesses or startups who want to keep their costs low.
High Performance: DigitalOcean’s virtual servers run on solid-state drives (SSDs) which provide faster data transfer rates, resulting in high performance.
Flexible Scaling: DigitalOcean allows users to easily scale their resources up or down based on their needs.
Strong Community Support: DigitalOcean has a strong community of developers who can provide support and guidance through various resources like forums, tutorials, and documentation.
Limited Availability Zones: DigitalOcean has fewer availability zones compared to AWS or GCP which may limit the ability to distribute resources across multiple zones for better redundancy and fault tolerance.
Limited Global Reach: DigitalOcean has fewer data centers in different regions compared to other cloud providers which may limit the ability of businesses with global operations to access its services efficiently.
Limited Enterprise Features: DigitalOcean lacks some enterprise features like identity management and compliance certifications that are offered by other cloud providers.Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI)
Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) is a cloud computing service that provides Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). It offers secure, scalable, and flexible cloud solutions that can handle any workload. OCI provides a range of services for businesses and organizations of all sizes, from startups to large enterprises.
OCI has an extensive global network of data centers that allows users to choose the region that best suits their needs. It offers a range of services, including compute, storage, networking, database, security, analytics, and management tools. These services are designed to meet the needs of businesses and organizations in various industries.Comparison of OCI and AWS features
OCI offers similar features to AWS in terms of compute power, storage options, networking capabilities, and security. However, OCI differs in some areas such as:
Pricing: OCI offers lower pricing for some services than AWS.
Performance: OCI offers faster performance than AWS due to its high-speed network.
Integration with Oracle technologies: OCI is well-integrated with Oracle technologies such as databases and middleware.✅ Advantages
Lower pricing: Some services in OCI are priced lower compared to AWS.
Integration with Oracle technologies: Users who rely heavily on Oracle technologies may find it easier to integrate with their existing systems.
Strong security measures: OCI offers robust security measures such as data encryption at rest.
Less popular: As a relatively new player in the cloud computing market compared to AWS or Azure, it may have less community support.
Less variety of services: While it has many essential services covered like compute power or databases, it may not offer niche or specialized services that some businesses require.
Overall, OCI offers a reliable and secure cloud computing service that is competitively priced. It is ideal for businesses and organizations that rely heavily on Oracle technologies or require high-performance computing capabilities.Conclusion
When it comes to choosing the right cloud provider, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Every business or individual has unique needs that must be considered when selecting a cloud platform. It’s important to evaluate the features, pricing, performance, and support that each provider offers in order to determine which one best aligns with your specific requirements.
Google Cloud Platform (GCP) is a great choice for those who need scalable cloud infrastructure and machine learning capabilities. Microsoft Azure is a good option for businesses already using other Microsoft services, as it integrates well with their existing technology stack. DigitalOcean is ideal for startups and small businesses needing simple and affordable cloud hosting solutions. Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) is a good choice for businesses requiring high-performance computing resources.
Ultimately, choosing the right cloud provider depends on a variety of factors including specific needs, budget, technical expertise, and future growth plans. It’s important to do your research and test out different options before making a decision.
Cloud computing is an important part of making the Internet of Things a success. Using cloud computing, customers are able to complete their computing activities by utilizing online service providers. Incorporating IoT devices and services into cloud infrastructure has acted as a catalyst, creating a new relationship between IoT and cloud computing. These cutting-edge innovations are truly groundbreaking.What is the Internet of Things?
The Internet of Things (IoT) simply refers to any device which can be attached to the web and managed or monitored remotely from a computer, tablet, or smartphone via the web.
Everything from tiny tracking chips to genuine, smart cars on the road can be included in the Internet of Things. IP addresses are given to everything that connects to the internet so that it may be tracked individually. Successful implementation of IoT relies on embedded systems and technology.The benefits of implementing IoT
There is no limit to the number of things that can be linked to the web and managed remotely. By automating systems, we can ensure that sensors constantly upload data to the cloud, where it can be analyzed using a variety of algorithms (including Machine Learning Techniques) and used to provide useful results. Moreover, the clouds can take predetermined behavior in response to sensor information based on the outcomes.
By keeping an eye on our houses, offices, etc., with our smart gadgets, we can feel more at ease. Industrial settings often use automated rapid responses to mitigate the effects of changes to critical operating parameters. (Automatic license plate readers are a part of traffic control systems.)
Check out those hard-to-surveil areas as Well
Internet of Things Applications in Agriculture, Healthcare, etc.
Intelligent Apparel, Automobiles, and Vehicles.
Creating a Smarter Grid and Smarter Industries.
The rise of “smart” cities and “smart” electrical grids.How the main parts of IoT work together?
Items or Equipment − These include sensors and moving parts. Actuators do the actual work, whereas sensors just gather information and send it to the Gateway.
Gateway − Data is sent from the sensors to the Gateway, where initial processing of the information is performed. It adds protection to the network and the information being sent.
Cloud − After data is collected, it is stored in the cloud. Cloud, in its most basic definition, is simply a network of servers that are always linked to the internet.
Analytics − After data has been uploaded to the cloud, further processing can be performed. Data analysis algorithms of several types are used here.
Input or Output Interface − This is the part of the system where the users directly interact with the data system.Does IoT absolutely need to be hosted in the cloud?
Putting it simply, the answer is no because we don’t need to send any data to the cloud in order to perform the processing; we can do it locally. And the reason we link cloud computing and IoT is equally elementary: cloud computing allows for scalability and minimal operational costs.
A reduction in IoT job growth is possible if we cease utilizing Cloud resources.
Fewer resources are needed for the new facility setup.
Using a pay-as-you-go model.
It’s quite convenient to be able to just use the internet to go to it.Now basically, what is “Cloud Computing”?
Simply explained, it’s the practice of using remote servers to store and retrieve information and provide computer services rather than keeping data in a local repository. Thanks to cloud computing, we can now store these data files remotely. It’s the same as having access to a powerful machine on the internet and making limited use of its processing power.
Characteristics important to Cloud Computing
Service at Your Convenience.
Open access to a large network.
The sharing of assets.
Ready scalability of all available factors at the drop of a hat.
Pay as you go.The Cloud: How to Use It
Providers of “IaaS” (Infrastructure as a Service) − That’s the bare bones of cloud computing. Allocating the hardware to meet demand is the only thing we do; everything else, from the operating system to the applications, is up to us.
PAAS stands for “Platform as a Service.” − Hardware, operating systems, and the like are outside the scope of this discussion. Here, however, we get to pick and choose which programs will be included in our virtual environment. In layman’s words, it’s an atmosphere for the sake of Development.
“Software as a service” (SaaS) − In this case, users are free to run the authorized programs. It’s a lot like “cloud” applications. Simply put, we pay for access to the services we need and then use those services through subscriptions to apps in the cloud.What difficulties exist in IoT?
Security − Poorly built gadgets are becoming more vulnerable to security breaches as the quantity of internet-connected devices continues to rise.
Privacy − Users’ information must be safeguarded against theft because their every move can be tracked.
Standards − As a result, there is a lack of well-defined standards and written materials that detail best practices.
Regulation − Data transfers across international borders, data retention and deletion regulations, etc., all raise legal concerns in the context of the Internet.
Development − Instead of limiting its application to economically developed nations, it should be widened to include those in the emerging and underdeveloped worlds as well.Conclusion
The difficulty of storing, analyzing, and gaining access to large volumes of data has emerged as a result of the exponential Development of information technology. When combination of the Internet of Things and Cloud Computing is used together, the robust processing of sensitive data streams and innovative monitoring services will be at your disposal. Examples of data that can be uploaded and stored using cloud computing include sensor data for the purpose of intelligent monitoring & activity using other devices. The objective is to derive value from data by taking efficient and fruitful action.
There are two ways to think about cloud computing in the context of the automobile sector. One component of the phrase is utilizing applications, data, and computing services to manage information, communication, and computing. To handle automotive features and data also refers to leveraging platforms like web-based apps and online digital services.
The latter describes using artificial intelligence to control certain automotive components and data. In terms of cloud computing, the automobile sector is a pioneer. Several automakers and IT companies leverage data to give comprehensive software solutions. Cloud-based collaboration, artificial intelligence, and augmented reality are some of the latest technologies.
The automotive value chain, which includes manufacturing, design, supply chain, production, post-production, “driving assistance” and “driver risk assessment” systems, is successfully using AI. Additionally, AI has aggressively revolutionized aftermarket services like insurance and predictive maintenance.Application of Cloud Computing in the Automotive Industry Connected Vehicle
Any automobile, truck, bus, or other vehicle linked to neighboring devices through the internet is considered a connected vehicle. There are many examples. These cars use the Internet of Things (IoT) technology and can connect to passengers’ devices, read and send vehicle data, and receive software updates.
The use of connected car technology improves driving by initiating crucial conversations and events. In other words, linked vehicle technology enables communication between automobiles, buses, trucks, and other vehicles so that vital information about mobility and safety may be shared.Autonomous Vehicles
Autonomous vehicles now frequently employ cloud computing for improved functioning. The development of autonomous vehicle technology might not have been conceivable without automotive cloud solutions.Electric Cars
As the name implies, an electric vehicle (EV) uses electric motors rather than a fuel-dependent internal combustion engine to run on electric power. EVs are hence more ecologically friendly. Originally, these vehicles used nickel-metal hydride or lead-acid batteries; however, lithium-ion batteries, which are durable and have excellent energy retention capabilities, are currently used in most EVs.
Electric vehicles may share data with distant data centers thanks to cloud computing in automobiles to inform the driver of the road and weather conditions.Application of Artificial Intelligence in the Automotive Industry Supply Chain
The auto industry may use predictive analytics driven by AI and many ML approaches. With the use of technology, they can quickly evaluate their component needs and predict future demand changes.Production and Design
By using machine learning (ML) algorithms and AI-driven solutions, automakers may enhance various operations, including data classification for risk and vehicle damage appraisal. However, certain leaders in the automobile industry routinely integrate NLP, conversational interfaces, and computer vision techniques into their manufacturing processes.Driver’s Assistance
The holistic driving experience may be enhanced by artificial intelligence (AI). By giving weather and traffic updates, suggesting the best routes, and enabling people to make purchases while driving, AI systems may direct drivers and ensure their safety.Automobile Assurance
In the same way that drivers may use in-vehicle AI capabilities to gather accident information and complete claims, AI-powered systems can also help with filing insurance claims. This AI-powered system requires text production and processing, NLP, data analytics, and speech recognition.Benefits of Cloud Computing and AI in the Automotive Industry
Improving Fuel Efficiency − AI has the potential to lower pollutants and increase fuel economy. Nissan is utilizing AI, for instance, to create a “smart” car that can change its engine power based on the road’s circumstances. The target is a 20% fuel usage reduction.
Complex Infrastructure − High-level activities in the automotive industry are both technically and non-technically complex. The auto sector necessitates scalability for business continuity and robust infrastructure support through high-level technical activities, analytics, and large dealer networks. You could occasionally need more space, resources, and time constraints when bringing ideas to life. Cloud platforms successfully address these.
Performance − AI has the potential to enhance vehicle performance. For instance, BMW is utilizing AI to create a system that can adjust engine power for various driving scenarios. Up to 5% more fuel efficiency is desired. Volkswagen is utilizing AI to create a system that detects auto parts manufacturing flaws. The aim is to reduce up to 30% and lower the cost of repairs.
Security − Due to service providers’ ongoing availability and monitoring, the cloud unquestionably provides a security benefit by significantly lowering the chance of malfunctions and breakdowns. Additionally, regular data backups guarantee that crucial data is not lost in the event of unexpected failures. Cloud professionals carry out regular system testing to adapt to shifting user expectations.Conclusion
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