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Apple on Thursday confirmed via a press release that its annual summer pilgrimage for developers, Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC), will be kicking off on Monday, June 2, at San Francisco’s Moscone West.
The five-day conference will focus on “the future of iOS and OS X,”, indicating that Apple will give us a preview of iOS 8 and the next iteration of its desktop operating system for Macs, OS X.
There will be more than a hundred technical sessions and over a thousand Apple engineers will be available to registered developers to help them integrate new technologies and fine tune their apps.
Apple will also hold its traditional Apple Design Awards to showcase the best apps from the past year and of course hold the keynote on the first day to update us on latest business metrics and hopefully announce “exciting new products” CEO Tim Cook has been teasing for months now…
Apple’s marketing honcho Phil Schiller said:
We have the most amazing developer community in the world and have a great week planned for them..
Apple sold out last year’s WWDC tickets in 120 seconds.
According to Apple, developers can apply for tickets via the WWDC website now through Monday, April 7 at 10:00am PDT. Similar to Google which employed a random selection for its I/O 2014 conference which runs June 25-26, Apple said tickets will be issued to attendees through random selection.
Developers will know their status by Monday, April 7 at 5:00 p.m. PDT. There will also be 200 Student Scholarships available, giving students around the world the chance to earn a free ticket.
This year the National Center for Women & Information Technology (NCWIT) and its alliance partners will help promote scholarships to female engineers and coders.
The WWDC website has this motivational message for developers:
Over the past six years, a massive cultural shift has occurred It’s changed how we interact with one another. Learn new things. Entertain ourselves. Do our work. And live our daily lives. All because of developers and the apps they create.
For five days, one thousand Apple engineers and five thousand developers will gather together. And life will be different as a result.
Write the code. Change the world.
Some of the highlights of WWDC 2014 include:
More than 100 technical sessions presented by Apple engineers on a wide range of topics for developing, deploying and integrating the latest iOS and OS X technologies;
more than 1,000 Apple engineers supporting over 100 hands-on labs and events to provide developers with code-level assistance, insight into optimal development techniques and guidance on how they can make the most of iOS and OS X technologies in their apps;
the latest innovations, features and capabilities of iOS and OS X, and how to enhance an app’s functionality, performance, quality and design;
the opportunity to connect with thousands of fellow iOS and OS X developers from around the world—last year more than 60 countries were represented;
a new series of get togethers for attendees focused on particular topics with special guest speakers and activities;
engaging and inspirational lunchtime sessions with leading minds and influencers from the worlds of technology, science and entertainment; and
Apple Design Awards which recognize iPhone, iPad and Mac apps that demonstrate technical excellence, innovation and outstanding design.
Apple said that Monday’s State of the Union session (read: the keynote) and the Apple Design Awards will be live streamed via the WWDC website. Like every year, Apple will post videos from all technical sessions throughout the week on its Developer website, available to all registered iOS and Mac developers.
During the last year’s event, Apple showed off iOS 7, announced iTunes Radio, gave us a sneak peek into the radical new Mac Pro, released developer preview of OS X Mavericks and refreshed the ultra-thin MacBook Air family around the latest chips and all-day battery life.
Kremlinologists among you, what are your predictions for WWDC 2014?
You're reading Apple Confirms Wwdc 2014 Kicking Off June 2
The crypto community is shaping up for the coming year, which calls for excitement, given that 2023 has been an awful year for crypto traders and investors. Moreso, a few crypto ICOs have recorded massive success despite the bearish market conditions.
One of these projects is Dash 2 Trade, which has provided renewed hope in the crypto community in the last quarter of 2023, and it is not hard to see why. As it approaches its final stage, it has raised over $9 million in its ongoing presale event. In addition, this amicable crypto platform has set its sights on four major crypto exchange listings in the coming year.
What is so impressive about Dash 2 Trade, and how can you get involved now as its successful presale event climaxes to its end? This article provides relevant gist regarding this crypto project. Keep reading to learn more!Dash 2 Trade Overview And Features
The bear market has provided crypto users the opportunity to have a renewed interest in cryptocurrencies with unique use cases. Dash 2 Trade provides a novelty approach to the world of cryptocurrencies as the platform offers crypto analytics and signal trading features.
Dash 2 Trade concerns itself with becoming the “Bloomberg of cryptocurrency.” It achieves this by providing up-to-date crypto market data and analytics that enable traders to create market-beating strategies to make incredible gains.A World-class D2T Dashboard
One unique feature of the Dash 2 Trade is its world-class dashboard which implements many trading features and tools to improve crypto traders’ journey in the market. Some of the features include:
Trading signals to provide buy/sell opportunities to traders
On-chain metrics to track recent activities on major blockchains
Technical indicators to enable short-term and long-term traders to take risk-free trades
The social indicator allows D2T users to measure traders’ fear or greed index regarding a crypto asset.
Auto trading API is a feature that will enable users automatically enter and exit the crypto market based on a set strategy
Strategy builder and Backtester allow users to develop and test market-beating strategies against previous market data.
In the coming year, Dash 2 Trade is releasing the beta version of the dashboard, which will feature a bespoke scoring system for crypto ICOs and Presales. Dash 2 Trade believes crypto presales are a great way of maximizing gains, especially if investors participate in the crypto project’s first presale stage.
The presale dashboard will feature both automatic and manual scoring systems. The automated scoring system will verify the credulity of the project team members, carefully vetting and auditing its smart contract and ensuring the project’s tokenomics is fool-proof.
The Dash 2 Trade team will perform the manual system, which will conduct manual scoring of projects to access specific metrics that the automated systems cannot evaluate. This D2T dashboard will enable users to participate in credible and authentic crypto projects that could offer at least 1,000% growth when listed on exchanges.The Dash 2 Trade Utility Token – $D2T
Most of Dash 2 Trade’s services will be subscription-based, requiring users to access its analytics dashboard via $D2T tokens. $D2T tokens are ERC-20 tokens that will serve as subscription fees to the D2T dashboard.
This unique utility will ensure the $D2T grows organically in demand and thus increase its market price value. Users who do not own $D2T can still enjoy the dashboard, but they will have limited access to the full features. For Dash 2 Trade users ready to take their trading to the next level, the Dash 2 trade platform offers Starter and Premium Tiers requiring a monthly subscription of 300 $D2T and 1,000 $D2T, respectively.
The $D2T tokens have a total supply of 1 billion tokens, and 262.5 million $D2T was allocated for its presale event. Some 80 million $D2T tokens (roughly 30%) are left in the market. Each presale stage has made $D2T costlier, with first-stage holders boasting 12% gains at the event.
Due to the increasing demand and development of the Dash 2 Trade dashboard and other products, the presale event was brought forward. As such, 44.75% of the total supply initially available for presale is now locked for five years.How to Purchase D2T Tokens in the Presale Event
As the saying goes, “Better Late Than Never.” It is still commendable that you want to join the investors’ rank at the fourth stage than not participating at all and missing out on the prospective “future of cryptocurrency.”
Purchasing D2T tokens is a straightforward process. First, you log in on the official homepage of $D2T. Then you have two purchasing options. If you have a funded crypto wallet with ETH, you can purchase $D2T at $0.0533.
However, suppose you do not have a funded crypto wallet. You can purchase directly using your debit or credit card on the Dash 2 Trade platform.Closing Thoughts
The Dash 2 Trade smart contract code has been fully audited by SolidProof, and Coinsniper verifies the team members. Also, the team members and enthusiastic traders behind the famous Learn 2 Trade are now involved with Dash 2 Trade which further adds to the beauty of this unique crypto platform.
Dash 2 Trade has something new and fresh to offer that has not been seen in the crypto market. The fledging D2T community is buzzed about this project; the presale events are turning on their heels as they demand the product release.
Dash 2 Trade’s presale event is in its final stage; four top exchanges are listing its token, and the D2T dashboard is launching soon. So what are you waiting for? Now is the best time to scoop some $D2T tokens, and experience at least a ten-fold gain in value upon launch.
It isn’t easy to maintain exercise goals, stay on top of notifications, and keep up with daily tasks, but for many women, wearing a smartwatch helps. For everything from connectivity to tracking workouts, we’ve compiled the best smartwatches for women you can buy right now.
Purchasing a new smartwatch is about finding a suitable device for your needs. Consider the factors below when choosing the right fit.
Smartwatch features: If you’re hoping for an extension of your smartphone, a smartwatch with solid notification support and a large display is vital. The Apple Watch Series 8 has the best app support and tons of smart features. For non-Apple users, the Samsung Galaxy Watch 5 is the best Wear OS smartwatch on the market.
Fitness tracking: From steps and calories to training and recovery tools, there are also a host of fitness tracking features to consider. For runners and cyclists, GPS is especially important. Some devices feature built-in GPS, plus track dozens of sports and activities.
Health monitoring: Smartwatches can also play a role in your health and wellness. Sensors, features, and dedicated health apps broaden a device’s potential impact. Choose a smartwatch with the tools you need, be it a reliable sleep tracker or an SpO2 monitor.
Device size: How about fitting all these features on your wrist? Many of the devices below come in multiple sizes. For women looking for something more petite, the Fitbit Charge 5 packs tons of fitness features into minimal real estate. Likewise, the Xiaomi Mi Band 7 offers a similar aesthetic but at a budget price.
Software: Finally, look, feel, comfort, and functionality are all top priorities but don’t forget to look for timely software updates. Some brands are better than others at keeping devices fresh.The best smartwatches for women
Apple Watch Series 8: The best smartwatch for women is the Apple Watch Series 8. You do need an iPhone to use it, so if you’re an Android user, you’ll have to look elsewhere.
Samsung Galaxy Watch 5 series: The Galaxy Watch 5 is the best alternative to the Apple Watch and the best Wear OS smartwatch for women. It can pair with most Android phones, though the best results are had with a Samsung phone.
Mobvoi TicWatch Pro 5: Another solid Wear OS pick is the TicWatch Pro 5. Boasting Google’s latest software, the device packs powerful internals and great features.
Fitbit Versa 3: The Versa 3 is the best value pick from Fitbit. Though technically not as feature-packed as the Sense lineup, the Versa 3 drops a few sensors in favor of a lower price tag.
Garmin Venu 2 Plus: The best Garmin smartwatch for women is the Venu 2 Plus. It’s one of the best multisport tracking watches available right now and Garmin’s best smartwatch yet.
Fitbit Charge 5: The Fitbit Charge 5 is the best fitness tracker for women. It offers a full fitness tracking feature set and compact design.
Xiaomi Mi Band 7: The best affordable fitness tracker for women is the Xiaomi Mi Band 7. Though the company has since launched a Mi Band 8, it is not yet globally available. Meanwhile, the previous generation is incredibly cheap and punches well above what its weight (and price tag) would suggest.
Excellent Retina display
Premium design and build
Advanced health-tracking sensors
Improved sleep tracking
Plenty of watchOS 9 upgradesCons
Battery life still hasn’t improved
No third-party watch faces
Comfortable on the wrist
Better battery life on 44mm model
Reliable fitness tracking
Good value for moneyCons
Very similar to its predecessor
Skin temperature sensor not ready at launch
Small models still have short battery life
Awkward touch bezel
Some features exclusive to Samsung ecosystem
Mobvoi TicWatch Pro 5
Mobvoi TicWatch Pro 5
Snapdragon W5+ Gen 1 is snappy and efficient • Digital crown • Dual display
The latest Wear OS meets Qualcomm’s top chipset on this powerful device
Running Wear OS 3.5 out of the box, Mobvoi’s durable TicWatch Pro 5 elevates the brand’s lineup to the ranks of the Samsung Galaxy Watch 5 series or Google Pixel Watch. The device also features a powerful processing chip for a smooth and seamless user experience, plus plenty of health and fitness tools. While Mobvoi’s unique power-saving dual display makes a welcome return, the company also adopts a digital crow for easier navigation of the watch has to offer.
See price at AmazonPros
Runs on the latest Wear OS
Snapdragon W5 Plus Gen 1 is snappy and efficient
Digital crown streamlines navigation
Dual display adds even more functionalityCons
Pricier than its predecessor
Inconsistent sleep tracking
Band design is cheap and attracts dust
No wireless charging
Fitbit Versa 3
Fitbit Versa 3
Decent battery life • Accurate health tracking • Built-in GPS
The best value Fitbit smartwatch
The Fitbit Versa 3 carries all the smart features you could want on a mid-range smartwatch, including Google Assistant support, voice replies, and reliable health tracking. It’s effectively a Fitbit Sense without the pricier specialized sensors.
See price at Amazon
See price at Best Buy
Decent battery life
Pretty accurate health tracking
Google Assistant and Alexa support
Speaker with phone call support
Tiny app library
Onboard music limited to two services
The capacitive button isn’t ideal
Proprietary charging cable
Excellent design and build quality
Rapid charging helps make up for battery woes
Clear call quality on the wrist
Slow, but useful voice assistant support
Accurate fitness and health trackingCons
High price tag
Battery life is shorter than Garmin’s claims
Heart rate sensor still has issues
Bright, full-color AMOLED display
Sleek, slim design
EDA, SpO2, and skin temperature tracking
Sleep tracking is top tier
Accurate GPS and heart rate sensorsCons
Battery life could be better
Xiaomi Mi Band 7
Xiaomi Mi Band 7
Bigger, brighter display • Accurate resting heart rate • Continuous SpO2 monitoring
A budget band that delivers more than it’s price tag might suggest
A long battery life, bright always-on display, and impressive health and activity tracking smarts make this affordable tracker a great pick for anyone on a budget. Xiaomi’s Mi Band 7 delivers more than 100 sport modes, plus continuous SpO2 monitoring. You can even personalize your device with tons of animated watch faces.
See price at Amazon
Bigger, brighter display
Accurate resting heart rate
Continuous SpO2 monitoring
Comically huge number of sport modes
Fun new band colors
Slightly more expensive, but still has amazing valueCons
No built-in GPS
No NFC or voice assistant on global model
Inconsistent sleep tracking
Confusing app situation
There is no straightforward answer to this, but users who are new to wearables should consider ease of use. Smartwatches that are only compatible with specific smartphones will likely have similar operating systems to those phones, which may help with faster learning.
On smartwatches, GPS allows users to accurately track distances as well as map runs and other workouts. Some devices offer connected GPS which tethers your device to your smartphone. Other devices offer built-in GPS, which means a GPS sensor is inside the watch itself, and you do not need to carry your smartphone during workouts.
Smartwatches track steps most precisely using three sensors, a 3-Axis accelerometer, an altimeter for measuring elevation, and a gyroscope for measuring orientation. However, not all devices feature all three of these sensors. Those that do will be the most accurate.
Not a whole lot anymore. Here at Android Authority, we refer to devices with big displays prioritizing apps and notifications as smartwatches. Devices with small displays that look more like a traditional fitness band, we refer to as fitness trackers.
If you are an iOS user, the Apple Watch is hands down the best smartwatch available. However, Fitbit’s ecosystem has plenty to offer anyone new to activity tracking, including a user-friendly companion app and one of the best sleep-tracking platforms in the business. To find out more, read our Fitbit vs Apple comparison guide.
The Rajasthan Subordinate and Ministerial Services Selection Board is going to release the REET Mains Answer Key 2023 Level 1, 2 in which all the candidates can get correct answers of all the questions in Paper. Moreover, as soon as the answer key is released you should start expecting the REET Mains Result 2023. You can get to know about your scores after the RSMSSB Primary & Upper Primary Teacher Result 2023 is released.
Now all the candidates who get good scores in the exam will be selected further for the next stage which is document verification. Moreover, if you wish to know the exact date of RSMSSB REET School Teacher Result 2023 Date then you have to read this article till the end for brief information. Once you get to know about your scores, kindly check the REET Mains Cut Off Marks 2023 mentioned below for Primary and Upper Primary Exam specifically. All those who manage to score above the Cut off will get their name on the RSMSSB REET Mains Merit List 2023.REET Mains Result 2023
All of us are aware that RSMSSB conducted the REET Primary and Upper Primary Teacher Recruitment Exam in which more than 20 Lakh eligible candidates have appeared. Now as the exams are over, candidates are waiting excitedly for the REET Level 1, 2 Answer Key 2023 in which questions with correct answers are mentioned. You must know that the Written Examination was conducted for selection of candidates from 25th Feb to 1st March 2023.
There were various subjects such as Science, Social Science, Mathematics for which these teachers will be selected through this exam. Now all the candidates who have attempted the exam are excited to know about REET Mains Result 2023 in which their exact marks and position of the further selection if mentioned. Once the result is declared, you have to visit the official website of RSMSSB @ chúng tôi and then use your Login credentials to view the marks.RSMSSB REET School Teacher Answer Key 2023
The Written Examination for the Selection of Candidates for the post of Primary & Upper Primary Teacher was conducted from 25th to 01st March 2023.
You have to Download the RSMSSB REET School Teacher Answer Key 2023 in which correct answers are mentioned using which you can evaluate your performance.
It is to inform you that unofficial answer keys are published by various Institutes and you can Download them from the links given below.
Candidates have to ensure that they score more than 45% Marks after evaluation through answer key to get qualified in the exam.
Moreover, you will get a chance to raise an objection in the provisional answer key and after that final answer key will be revealed.Rsmssb.rajasthan.gov.in REET Mains Result 2023 Level 1, 2
Exam NameRSMSSB REET Mains Exam 2023Supervising AuthorityRajasthan Subordinate and Ministerial Services Selection BoardTotal Vacancies48000+ PostsSelection ProcessWritten Exam & DVExam Date25th Feb to 01st Mar 2023Qualifying Marks45% MarksREET Primary & Upper Primary Teacher Answer Key 202318th March 2023Unofficial Answer KeyAvailable BelowREET Mains Result 2023 Level 126th May 2023REET Mains Result 2023 Level 214th June 2023Merit List26th May 2023Cut Off MarksDiscussed BelowArticle CategorySarkari ResultRSMSSB PortalRsmssb.rajasthan.gov.in
All the candidates who have attempted the Written Exam for Primary & Upper Primary Teacher post in Rajasthan should check this section above for brief information regarding the result. As per our analysis, rsmssb.rajasthan.gov.in REET Mains Result 2023 Level 1, 2 will be released on 26th of May 2023 on the official website. In order to check the scores, you can simply use the Login ID and Password on the portal and then your scores will be revealed. Once you get to know about the scores, kindly compare the marks with Cut Off Marks given below to know about your qualification Status.Rajasthan REET Mains Merit List 2023
The Rajasthan SSB has decided to release the result on 26th of May 2023 on their respective portal.
Alongwith Result, you will be able to check the Rajasthan REET Mains Merit List 2023 in which names of the selected candidates are mentioned.
This is an important document which is prepared on behalf of your marks in the Written Examination.
Only those candidates who manage to secure good marks in the exam are named in this list.Guidelines to Check REET Mains Result 2023
First of all, we request the candidates to open chúng tôi from their Internet Device.
Secondly, you have to tap on the Result Link under the Candidate Corner and then wait for the next page to open.
Thirdly, select the REET Primary & Upper Primary Teacher Result Link and proceed further for the login page.
Now enter the Candidate ID and Password issued to you at the time of registration.
Here you will see the scores obtained in the Written Examination and then you can compare the scores with Cut Off discussed below.
Using these guidelines, all of you can check RSMSSB REET Mains Result 2023.REET Mains Cut Off Marks 2023
CategoryREET Mains Cut Off Marks 2023General150-160 MarksOBC140-150 MarksSC125-135 MarksST125-135 MarksMBC130-140 MarksEWS140-150 MarksPWD120-130 Marksrsmssb.rajasthan.gov.in School Teacher Result 2023 Link
REET Mains Result 2023View HereREET Mains Answer Key 2023View HereFAQs on REET Mains Result 2023
When is the Expected Date of REET Mains Result 2023?
You can expect the RSMSSB School Teacher Result 2023 on 26th of May 2023.
What is the Good Score to Qualify the REET Mains Primary & Upper Primary Teacher Exam 2023?
You should secure more than 45% Marks to qualify the REET Mains Exam 2023.
On Which portal is RSMSSB Teacher Result 2023 declared?
You can visit chúng tôi to check the Primary & Upper Primary Teacher Result 2023.
SlashGear’s April Fools’ 2014 round-up
It’s the most nerve-racking day of the year for a technology publication editor. April Fools’ Day 2014, a day in which every story must be triple-checked (rather than just double-checked) for authenticity. This year we’re seeing not only jokes played on the public, but awkward copies of jokes made between companies, as well.
First we need to address the three brands that wore the same outfit to the party: Panasonic, HTC, and Samsung. HTC’s “GLUUV” brings a smart full-arm glove to the party in a form not unlike that of the Nintendo Power Glove – truly majestic, without a doubt. We’d like to see that HTC One (M8) Micro on the top of the hand take shape, too, mind you.
Samsung Fingers brings a smart display to the palm of your hand, literally. Here you’ve got several different versions of the glove for the type of person you are: Samsung Fingers, Samsung Fingers Tough (with spikes), and Samsung Fingers Class (full-length with a bow).
Toshiba shared the joke with a glove as well. It’s almost as if we’re so close to a smart glove in the real world that it seems like a joke. We’ll see who’s laughing in 2024 when the smart glove is real.
Roku’s wearables bid this Fools’ day is the Roku Watch, a device that’s essentially a tiny display you wear around your wrist. The kicker here is that the remote control is larger than the display, making the whole contraption beyond silly.
SEGA returns to the world of hardware with their new set of MEGAne DRIVe glasses. Here you’ll see two original SEGA Genesis consoles placed over the eyes in an effort to increase your love for the original.
Samsung also took wearables to a very, very strange place with the micro-router. Also known as Samsung Fli-Fy, the company suggests it’ll launch pigeons at London’s Piccadilly Circus to enhance the free wireless internet signal for England residents everywhere.
Virgin Airlines joined the festivities with a Nest collaboration. With this new service, Nest and Virgin Airlines suggest that you’ll be able to control your own personal environment at 35,000 feet. “Simply select Cancun Afternoon and soak it all in.”
Motorola’s push for April Fools’ sits right on your smartphone. Should you have restarted your Moto G or Moto X inside the last 12 hours or so, you’ll be seeing the following boot screen pop up. This boot screen also features the recently revealed Powered by Android bit – and that’s no joke.
The Pirate Bay suggests that after they’ve tossed out trackers, torrents, and servers, they’ll be bringing on the brain plugin. They suggest that they’ve worked with “russian, israeli, and japanese neuro scientists” to bring a device that will “embrace your entire mind.” The Pirate Bay will be “Using laser projections directly onto the retina it’ll no longer be any resolution but 100%.”
Reddit also takes the next-generation browsing cue by taking command of your computer’s front-facing camera. You’ll probably not want to fall for this one especially, as we’re not entirely sure where the camera feeds lead at the moment.
Game developer Blizzard Entertainment pushes us to tears with the promise of a fighting game made with massive pixels and some of their more popular characters. Right along the lines of Super Smash Bros., this game would take the “outcasts” from Blizzard games and pin them against one another in a battle royale we’d certainly like to play in real life.
Google knocks out several items for April Fools’, as is tradition, bringing the heat in a number of extremely odd ways. First you’re going to see Chromecast for squirrels.
Next from Google you’ll witness the wonder if “The Shelvie”, also known as the shareable selfie. With this feature you’ll have a much easier means of pushing your face directly in the face of your friends on Gmail.
With the new Google “Magic Hand”, it’s suggested that you’ll be able to tap away at your tablet without needing to actually “touch” it. This should make it much easier for users that no longer want to get in contact with their phones or tablets – there’s an optional keyboard add-on too.
Google’s Chrome for Mobile is bringing on the age of emoji – those tiny pictures that represent words. Iconic, meaningful images will replace full words as often as possible inside the web through Chrome. This is “the next phase of linguistic evolution.”
The first Google release in the April Fools environment was the Google Maps Pokemon Challenge. While you’ll want to head to our full Pokemon Challenge article for all the details, you can see the preview video below.
The folks at ThinkGeek always go big when it comes to their favorite holiday, and this year is no different. Have a peek at our ThinkGeek April Fools’ rundown and whet your appetite with a video of the NERF Nuke.
Google’s Auto Awesome feature in Google+ has gotten more #hoffsome today, bringing David Hasslehoff to your images without your permission. Of course you won’t have to use these images, and they won’t be made public unless you want them to be, but know this: the Hoff is there, and he’s waiting for you.
This is just the beginning. We’ll be updating the 2014 April Fools’ round-up all through the day with every technology-related April Fools’ joke worth the effort, so stick around and keep your spirits high on this day of international trickery!
In a victory for proponents of file sharing, U.S. District Court Judge Stephen Wilson ruled this spring that two software companies — Grokster, which uses a branded version of the KaZaA Media Desktop, and Streamcast — had legitimate, legal uses and so were not liable for any copyright infringement done by their end users.
While that was good news for those particular firms, it did nothing to lessen the potential nightmare the KaZaA file-sharing program poses for IT administrators.
KaZaA, in fact, poses three main threats:
a) It opens up gaping security holes
As the Fizzer worm (w32.fizzer@mm) that hit in May demonstrated, KaZaA offers one more route for bringing harmful code into the network. This worm, which could spread either as an e-mail attachment or via KaZaA, seeks to disable any existing antivirus software and has a keystroke-logging component which can be used to steal passwords or credit card information. It also automatically sets up IRC and AOL Instant Messenger accounts to receive further instructions from the virus writer.
“People who do that believe that they are the only ones who will have access to the files, but they are really opening them up to the world,” says Peasley. “What spooks me is that it will be a large repository network drive somewhere.”
b) Resource consumption
The second problem lies in the area of consumption of resources. To begin with, there is the waste of company bandwidth to share MP3s or other files which aren’t part of company business. On top of that is all the spyware that comes loaded with it, which is both a resource hog and a security threat.
Peasley reports tracking down what appeared at first to be a port scan on the firewall, but then noticed it was the outgoing ports, not the incoming ports, that were being hit. He tracked it down to a machine running KaZaA.
“KaZaA was beating the life out of the firewall, starting another process and giving it the next higher IP address,” he says. “It was being real diligent about trying to get out.”
c) Copyright infringement penalties
But security holes and resource consumption may well be dwarfed in importance when compared to the threat posed by copyright infringement. Last year, for example, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) reached a $1 million dollar settlement agreement with Integrated Information Systems, Inc. (Tempe, Ariz.) whose employees had been illegally downloading MP3s at work. That organization has ramped up its efforts to outlaw the downloading of copyrighted music files at work.
“The RIAA is looking for another ‘poster child’ of a corporation permitting illegal downloading,” Peasley says.
Shutting the Door
There are several approaches to take to keep KaZaA out of the network. Peasley has centrally managed personal firewalls from Zone Labs, Inc. (San Francisco) installed on all the company’s laptops. He has it configured to block the port KaZaA normally uses and also has the firewall set to block any outgoing traffic generated by the chúng tôi application. In addition, he uses a packet shaper at the border to limit the amount of traffic that users are allocated, which would also shut down the regular transfer of large files.
It would seem that shutting off file sharing in Windows would work as an additional means of protection, but Peasley found this not to be the case. He installed KaZaA on a test machine and when he was done with it he disabled file sharing, but left KaZaA installed. KaZaA then checked for updates and then automatically turned file sharing back on without any intervention from the user.
But, while these actions can block KaZaA from communicating once it is installed, what about removing it from your systems? And then, once you have done that, how do you locate and remove all the files that employees may have downloaded?
The first action is to do an inventory of what software is installed on all the machines in the network and filtering it for KaZaA, MP3s or any other file types you want to remove. If you already have an asset management program such as Computer Associates Inc.’s Unicenter Asset Management or Microsoft’s Systems Management Server, you already have the ability to conduct software inventories.
If you don’t have one of these packages, and don’t want to purchase one, there are several simpler and lower-cost inventory applications out there. These include Executive Software Inc.’s Sitekeeper 2.0 and Vector Networks Inc.’s PC-Duo Enterprise 2.0.
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